Mystery as North Korean ‘ghost ship’ washes up in Japan with eight skeletons on board
wash up (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to appear on land because the ocean or a river or lake left it there: “というふうに記載されていますね。
Two whales have been washed up on the beach.
Some of the oil has washed up on a neighbouring island.
Spilled oil has washed up on beaches behind the wreck.
・North Korea ‘ghost ships’ have been washing up in Japan since start of November
・Two boats contained some living crew members, while one was full of bodies
・The most recent vessel only had eight skeletons on board, Japanese media says
・It is unclear why so many vessels have started washing ashore now
Cambridge Dictionaryによると３つ目の意味に” a dead person “ と記載されていますね。
A body was washed up on the beach last week.
Police found a body buried in the garden.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a large boat or ship “ と記載されていますね。丁寧な言い方です。
New Zealand has banned vessels carrying nuclear weapons.
a fishing/navy vessel
To wash (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if the sea washes an object somewhere, it carries it there “ と記載されていますね。
More than 400 dead dolphins had been washed ashore.
Some very strange things get washed ashore here.
At least four North Korean ‘ghost ships’ have washed ashore in Japan since the start of November as mystery remains over why so many are turning up now.
In the most recent case a wooden vessel containing eight skeletons and bearing markings in the Korean alphabet came ashore in northern Japan on Monday.
Another vessel carrying eight fishermen landed in the same prefecture on Friday last week, while two more ships were found adrift on November 19 and 13 in the ocean further north.
turn up (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to come somewhere, especially unexpectedly or without making a firm arrangement “と “to be found, especially by accident, after being lost or not known about” という風に記載されています。
There is no need to book – just turn up on the night.
This job turned up just when I needed it.
I expect a new job will turn up soon.
The documents finally turned up in an office along the corridor.
The missing letter eventually turned up inside a book.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a part of a machine that holds a moving part “というふうに記載されていますね。
a wheel bearing
a roller bearing
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If a boat is adrift, it is moving on the water but is not controlled by anyone because of a problem “ と記載されています。
The refugees spent three days adrift on the tiny boat.
He spent three days adrift on his yacht.
Between November 15 and 17 another two capsized boats were found by the Japanese coast guard off the Noto Peninsula, in central Japan.
On that occasion seven bodies were recovered while three North Korean fisherman were saved, the Kyodo News Agency reports.
The three survivors were returned to another North Korea vessel after expressing a wish to go home, the agency reported, meaning they were not trying to defect.
The eight men rescued last week have also requested to go home, authorities said.
To capsize (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to (cause a boat or ship to) turn upside down by accident while on water: “ という風に記載されています。
A huge wave capsized the yacht.
When the boat capsized we were trapped underneath it.
A passenger ferry capsized in rough seas Sunday morning.
To recover (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“to become completely well again after an illness or injury: “と ” to get back something lost or spent: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Police only recover a very small percentage of stolen goods.
The thieves were caught, but many of the items were never recovered.
To defect (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to leave a country, political party, or organization and go to another one “ と記載されています。
When the national hockey team visited the US, half the players defected.
The British spy, Kim Philby, defected to the Soviet Union/defected from Britain in 1963.
Questioned by Japanese officials they revealed they had left port in North Korea a month ago in order to fish squid, before losing engine power.
Cast adrift, they had somehow managed to survive stormy seas on a dilapidated wooden vessel before landing in Akita Prefecture, where they were picked up.
Satoru Miyamoto, an expert on North Korea, told CNN that the sudden increase in ‘ghost ships’ may be due to Kim Jong Un expanding his fisheries to provide more income for the armed forces.
‘They are using old boats manned by the military, by people who have no knowledge about fishing. It will continue,’ he said.
Free Dictionaryによると” of a ship or sailors, to float on a body of water without control or anchorage. “ という風に記載されています。
The team was cast adrift in the Atlantic for 17 days before a rescue party found them.
To survive (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to stay alive despite an injury, illness, war etc “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Just eight passengers survived the plane crash.
His doctor says it’s a miracle that he survived.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” old and in poor condition: “ と記載されています。
The hotel we stayed in was really dilapidated.
a dilapidated old car/shed
We still use the dilapidated barn for storing tools
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject “ という風に記載されています。
an expert in/on radio communications
He’s an expert at getting served in a crowded bar.
My mother is an expert at dress-making (= she does it very well).
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an area of water where fish are caught so they can be sold: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
an offshore fishery
Officials are concerned about how best to protect the fisheries and water quality in the river.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” operated or controlled by people. Some people avoid using this word because they think it is offensive to women, and they use staffed or crewed instead “ と記載されています。
an outpost manned by Israeli troops
The phones are manned 24 hours a day.
It comes amid international sanctions aimed at choking off some of North Korea’s main sources of income following a series of missile tests and a nuclear blast.
The last time a large number of vessels washed ashore in Japan was in 2015, when around a dozen boats – many containing bodies – arrived.
Reports at the time claimed the bodies could belong to desperate fishermen driven into treacherous waters by food shortages, while other suggested a refugee exodus from the hermit state, Newsweek reports.
Pyongyang has denied any of its fishermen were trying to flee, and said all deaths had come as the result of navigational errors.
come amid (phrasal verb)
Oxford Dictionariesによると” (of an action or event) be accompanied by; happen at the same time as. “ という風に記載されています。
the cuts come amid increasing competition in Hong Kong
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” an official order to stop communication, trade, etc with a country that has broken international law “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Many nations have imposed sanctions on the country because of its attacks on its own people.
choke off/ To choke (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to stop someone or something from developing or being successful “ と記載されています。
Business leaders claim that the strong pound is choking exports.
If prices are too high, demand is choked off.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If the ground or sea is treacherous, it is extremely dangerous, especially because of bad weather conditions: “ という風に記載されています。
Is it wise to go out in this treacherous weather?
a treacherous road/path/journey
Freezing rain made driving treacherous.
Snow and ice have left many roads treacherous, and drivers are warned to use caution.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a situation in which a lot of people leave a place or activity at the same time “ というふうに記載されていますね。
There has been a mass exodus of workers from the villages to the towns.
The hurricane warning caused a mass exodus.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a person who lives alone and apart from the rest of society, especially for religious reasons “ と記載されています。
the Hermit Kingdom 中国以外の諸外国との接触を断っていた1637-1876年ごろの朝鮮につけられた名（ランダムハウス英和）と載っています。歴史的には韓国（朝鮮）のことを指していましたが、その後他の国との対話に応じず、ミサイル開発や核兵器で諸外国を脅かす北朝鮮に対してこの表現が用いられるようになったとのことです。
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）