The incredible moment a giant crab that’s ‘as strong as a lion’ crushes and kills a BIRD after climbing up a tree to attack it
To crush (verb/noun)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to press something very hard so that it is broken or its shape is destroyed “というふうに記載されていますね。
The package had been badly crushed in the post.
The package got crushed in the mail.
Her car was crushed by a falling tree.
His arm was badly crushed in the car accident.
The front of the car was completely crushed in the accident.
To clash (verb/noun)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to fight or argue: “ と記載されていますね。
Students clashed with police after demonstrations at five universities.
Morgan clashed with editors over whether to publish the story.
Angry students clashed with riot police in Miami yesterday.
・The deadly crab climbed a tree and crept up on a sleeping sea bird in its nest
・It used its powerful claw to break the bird’s wing and it crashed to the ground
・The killer crustacean follows the injured bird and breaks its other wing
・Crabs eat the bird in ‘grusome’ scenes filmed on Chagos Islands, Indian Ocean
・Mark Laidre filmed the macabre sight which may shed new light on the species
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” able or likely to kill people “ と記載されていますね。
This is a potentially deadly disease.
a deadly virus
a deadly weapon
creep up on (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if something creeps up on you, it happens slowly or gradually so that you do not notice it happening “ と ” to move towards someone quietly and slowly, especially because you want to surprise them “ と記載されています。
I didn’t notice him creeping up on me.
Don’t creep up on me like that!
We crept up behind her and yelled “Boo!”
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the sharp curved end of a front leg of a sea creature such as a crab that it uses for holding things ” と ” the sharp curved part at the end of some animals’ toes, for example a cat “ と記載されていますね。
Keep your fingers away from the crab’s claws when you pick it up.
Our cat likes to sharpen her claws on the legs of the dining table.
Watch out – the lobster’s claws pinch.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” used to describe something that is very strange and unpleasant because it is connected with death or violence: “ と記載されています。
Even the police were horrified at the macabre nature of the killings.
shed light on
Free Dictionaryによると ” to provide new information that helps you understand something ” と記載されていますね。
Experts hope the plane’s flight recorders will shed light on the cause of the crash.
I had hoped that he would be able to shed some light on the problem.
A coconut crab has been filmed methodically stalking, killing and eating a seabird in behaviour that has shocked scientists in a calculated attack that has been described as ‘gruesome.’
The deadly crab climbed a tree and crept up on a sleeping sea bird in its nest on the remote Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean.
It then plunged its powerful claw, which has the strength of a lion’s jaw, into the bird, breaking it’s wing and sending it crashing from the tree to the sand below.
The killer crustacean followed the injured, struggling bird and broke its other wing as the bird lunged about desperately and squawked in terror.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると形容詞methodicalの意味は ” Methodical people do things in a very ordered, careful way ” と記載されていますね。その副詞系です。
Tom is a very methodical person and writes lists for everything.
The police conducted a methodical search of the area.
a methodical approach
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” planned or arranged in order to produce a particular effect ” と記載されていますね。
It was a cruel, calculated crime with absolutely no justification.
The movie is calculated to appeal to young girls.
It was clearly a calculated attempt to embarrass the police chief.
plunge into (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to quickly push something a long way into something else ” と記載されていますね。
He plunged his arm into the sack once more.
To lunge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to move suddenly and with a lot of force in order to catch, hit, or avoid something or someone “というふうに記載されていますね。
The goalkeeper lunged at the ball and knocked it away.
He lunged for the ball.
He suddenly lunged at her with a broken bottle.
Lunging forward, she grabbed his arm.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” in a way that shows you are frightened and ready to try anything to change a situation: “ と ” extremely or very much: “ いうふうに記載されていますね。
She tried desperately to push him away.
Doctors tried desperately to reduce the swelling in her brain.
John desperately wanted to go to university.
For years they had desperately wanted a child.
To squawk (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” when a bird squawks, it makes a loud unpleasant noise in its throat “ というふうに記載されていますね。
As the fox came into the yard, the chickens began squawking in alarm.
Sea gulls squawked overhead.
Once the bird was lying helpless on the ground, five other coconut crabs arrived and tore the bird apart.
Researcher Mark Laidre from Dartmouth College, New Hampshire in America, filmed the macabre sight which may shed new light on the behaviour of this species and he spoke to New Scientist about the incredible discovery.
‘It was pretty gruesome,’ Mr Laidre said.
Mr Laidre now plans a follow-up study to investigate whether this new form of hunting is widespread on the island
tear apart (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to pull something so violently that it breaks into two or more pieces ” というふうに記載されていますね。
A dog can tear a rabbit apart in seconds.
The building was torn apart by the explosion.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a further action connected with something that happened before ” というふうに記載されていますね。
This meeting is a follow-upto the one we had last month.
The researchers conducted a follow-up study two years later.
I’ve got to go in for a follow-up to the dentist next week.
He wants to place cameras by the crabs’ burrows to explore their predatory habits.
Coconut crabs are the largest land-dwelling invertebrate, weighing up to 4kg and stretching one-metre wide.
Mr Laidre’s discovery shows for the first time that these enormous creatures can actively hunt large, back-boned animals, and suggests they might dominate their island ecosystems.
Nestled in the vastness of the Indian Ocean between East Africa and the southern tip of Asia, Chagos is ideal for studying coconut crabs.
It is protected by one of the largest marine reserves on Earth so its environment is pristine and it provides a home to many coconut crabs.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a hole in the ground dug by an animal such as a rabbit, especially to live in “というふうに記載されています。
The dog burrowed into the earth, looking for the bone.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” relating to animals that kill and eat other animals “というふうに記載されていますね。
The owl is a predatory bird that kills its prey with its claws.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a house or place to live in ” というふうに記載されていますね。
The house was a modest one-story dwelling.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the quality of being extremely big ” と記載されていますね。
the vastness of the universe
The vastness of the topic overwhelms most readers.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” perfect, or the best possible ” というふうに記載されていますね。
the ideal employer
She’s the ideal person for the job.
The sandy beaches are ideal for families with young children.
In an ideal world, no one would go hungry.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” an area of land where wild animals or plants are officially protected ” というふうに記載されていますね。
a nature/game/wildlife reserve
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” new or almost new, and in very good condition: “というふうに記載されていますね。
The bike was in pristine condition.
pristine new offices
The car seemed to be in pristine condition.
Washing machine for sale – only two months old and in pristine condition.
A researcher in Japan proved last year that the the coconut crab can pinch with a force of up to 3300 newtons, stronger than any other crustacean and comparable to a big predator’s bite, like a lion’s.
Shin-ichiro Oka at the Okinawa Churashima Foundation Research Center in Japan said: ‘The claws of coconut crabs can generate a force 80 to 100 times the mass of their body.’
‘The crab in the video seems to be about 2 kilograms, so it would be able to easily break the bird’s bones.’
The Chagos islands include more than 60 tropical tropical islands in the Indian Ocean about 500 kilometres (310 miles) south of the Maldives.
The UK and the Maldives contest their sovereignty.
Officially under British control, the Chagos were home to a Creole-speaking people for more than 150 years until Britain evicted them between 1967 and 1973 to allow America to build a military base on Diego Garcia, the largest of the Chagos Islands.
Since 1971, only the atoll of Diego Garcia is inhabited, and only by military and civilian contracted personnel.
atollは環礁、civilian contracted personnelは 民間の契約職員という意味です。
A UN general assembly vote in June saw delegates support a Mauritian-backed resolution to seek an advisory opinion from the international court of justice (ICJ) on the legal status of the Chagos Islands.
A UN general assemblyは国際連合総会、delegateは代表です。
The evicted Chagos people are now taking a legal challenge in a bid to return to the islands and to win the right to fish in the protected marine reserve that now wraps around the archipelago.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” similar in size, amount, or quality to something else: “というふうに記載されています。
Our prices are comparable to/with those in other shops.
The two experiences aren’t comparable.
The salary is comparable with that of a junior doctor.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the power of a country to control its own government ” というふうに記載されていますね。
a dispute over the sovereignty of the islands
Talks are being held about who should have sovereignty over the island.
To evict (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to force someone to leave somewhere: ” というふうに記載されていますね。
He was evicted from the bar for drunken and disorderly behaviour.
The landlord is still attempting to evict the squatters from the building.
Long-time residents are being evicted from the buildings.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” giving advice “というふうに記載されていますね。
an advisory board/committee/panel
She acted in an advisory role.
wrap around (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to put something around something else ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Each cake has a bright red ribbon wrapped round it.
He grabbed a towel to wrap round his waist.
We see couples with their arms wrapped round each other.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a group of small islands or an area of sea in which there are many small islands: ” というふうに記載されていますね。
the Hawaiian archipelago
The Hawaiian archipelago is made up of a number of large islands and some extremely small ones.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）