The 10-year-old conjoined twins who were only supposed to live ONE DAY: Sisters attached at the skull have defied doctors to become model school pupils – even though they see through each other’s eyes and share the same emotions
conjoined twin (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” one of two people who are physically joined at birth “というふうに記載されていますね。
defy someone to do
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to tell someone to prove that something is possible by doing it “ と記載されていますね。
I defy you to climb that cliff.
I defy you to produce one shred of evidence.
・Ten-year-olds Tatiana and Krista Hogan are joined at the skull and brain
・They can see through one another’s eyes and they share emotions
・While each controls her own limbs, both twins can control each other’s limbs
・The twins have defied their doctors’ expectations of only living for one day
・Now, their miraculous story is being featured in new documentary, Inseparable
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an arm, or a leg “ と記載されていますね。
She rested her tired, aching limbs.
an artificial limb
The accident victims mostly had injuries to their lower limbs (= legs).
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” extremely lucky and unexpected “ と記載されています。
a miraculous escape/recovery/result/victory
He made a miraculous recovery from heart disease.
Well, you‘ve made a miraculous recovery since last night!
For ten years, a pair of conjoined twins who share a brain and a skull have defied their doctors’ expectations, and now their miraculous story has been featured in a new documentary.
Tatiana and Krista Hogan have brought their family so much joy and happiness as they live each day to the fullest and attend school like other Canadian children.
When Tatiana and Krista, were born, their parents, Felicia and Brendan, were warned to prepare for the worst as the children were not expected to survive the day.
But now, the twins, who live with their family in Vernon, British Columbia, have continued to defy expectations and enjoy similar lives to their classmates.
In the new documentary, Inseparable, Tatiana and Krista show the world what it’s like to share every waking moment with one another.
To bring (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to cause, result in, or produce a state or condition: ” と記載されていますね。
The baby has brought them great joy.
She‘s brought us so much happiness over the years.
December brought some seasonable snow showers.
to the fullest
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” as much as possible ” と記載されていますね。
My goal is to enjoy life to the fullest.
She certainly lives life to the full.
know what it is (like) to
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to be familiar with how it feels to be or do something ” と記載されていますね。
She knows what it’s like to go bankrupt – it happened to her 20 years ago.
I wonder what it is like to fly first class.
I wonder what it is like to become a billionaire.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” relating to all the time that you are awake ” と記載されていますね。
Abigail spent every waking hour(moment) working on the report.
Not only do the twins see through one another’s eyes, they also share emotions and feel it when the other is tickled.
※Not only do 否定を表す副詞を文頭に出すと，その後に続く文が「倒置」された文になるという規則があります。
While each controls her own limbs, both twins can control each other’s legs and arms.
According to their mother Felicia, the girls adore going to school, watching Power Rangers and eating cake.
What’s more, she says, they are always happy and bring her and their father, Brendan, such joy, along with their other children Rosa, 13, Christopher, 11, and Shayleigh, seven.
‘I could have never imagined they were going to do anything that they can do now. There’s nobody in the world that‘s connected the same way that they are,’ Felicia says in the documentary that will premiere on CBC.
The Hogans were given the news that their babies were joined at the head and that their futures would be uncertain during Felicia’s pregnancy.
To tickle (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to touch someone lightly with your fingers, making them slightly uncomfortable and often making them laugh ” と記載されていますね。
Stop! You’re tickling me!
I tickled her feet and she laughed.
The dog rolled over, waiting for his tummy to be tickled.
To adore (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to like something very much“ というふうに記載されていますね。
I simply adore strawberry ice cream.
He adores going to parties.
I absolutely adore chocolate.
Don’t you just adore lying in a hot bath?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for introducing an additional statement that supports what you have already said ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Chrysanthemums are such beautiful flowers, and what’s more they are very easy to grow.
The decorations were absolutely beautiful and what’s more, the children had made them themselves.
To premiere (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if a film or play premieres, or if someone premieres a film or play, it is shown or performed for the first time “ というふうに記載されていますね。
The play was premiered in New York.
The three-part BBC program will premiere in the United States on the Discovery Channel on Sunday.
But their mother said abortion ‘was not an option’. Instead, the pair have been constantly monitored since birth – and caused marvel among doctors who area astonished over how their shared brain works.
‘We’re just going to take it one day at a time. Their birthday’s definitely that beacon of “Okay, we’ve done it again,”‘ Felicia said in the documentary.
In clips from the documentary, the twins are seen riding a specially-built bicycle, gliding down hills on toboggans and cross country skiing.
The girls are also given swimming lessons as part of their physical therapy. The twins do suffer from epilepsy and are diabetic. They take a regimen of pills, blood tests and need daily insulin injections, according to CBC.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone or something that is very surprising or impressive ” というふうに記載されていますね。
This miniature phone is the latest technological marvel from Japan.
It’s a marvel (to me) how they’ve managed to build the tunnel so quickly.
This gadget is a technological marvel.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a programme of medical treatment, exercise, or special food for improving your health or appearance ” というふうに記載されていますね。
The doctors recommend that he continue his exercise regimen.
After his heart attack the doctor put him on a strict regimen.
His doctor put him on a strict regimen of exercise and low-fat food.
But while they feel the same things they also have different personalities.
‘Over the years Tatiana has become the prominent leader,’ says their mother. ‘Krista is quieter and can be more in her own shell.’
Dr Douglas Cochrane a neurosurgeon who has treated the girls as they have grown up admitted in 2015:
‘They have amazed me – how they are the same but how they are different, how they are dealing with an error of nature to live healthy lives.’
Their grandmother Louise McKay said they continue to defy expectations with the fulfilling lives they lead.
‘One doctor said they would be lying on their backs all their lives,’ said McKay, ‘but they have surpassed everybody’s expectations’.
The girls have learned how to run and play together but it has yet to be established whether or not they share thoughts. However, the twins say they know one another’s thoughts without having to speak.
As of September 2017, the twins go to a regular school where they have started the sixth grade.
Though academically delayed, they are learning to read, write and do arithmetic.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” important and well known ” と ” easy to see or notice “というふうに記載されていますね。
She plays a prominent role in the organization.
She is likely to play a prominent part in the presidential campaign.
She has a prominent chin/nose.
come out of your shell
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to stop being shy and begin to confidently show your real character and feelings “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Stephen needs someone who can bring him out of his shell.
Derek has really come out of his shell since he started working here.
It took Dan a few weeks to come out of his shell, but he’s doing well now.
To admit (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to take someone into hospital for medical treatment ” というふうに記載されていますね。
After collapsing, she was rushed to hospital, where she was admitted.
She was admitted to hospital suffering from shock.
To amaze (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to surprise someone very much, especially by being very impressive ” というふうに記載されていますね。
These guys continue to amaze with their excellent music.
What amazes me is that they never get tired.
It amazes me that she’s got the energy for all those parties.
It amazes me how you can put up with living in such a dirty house.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” making you feel happy and satisfied: ” と記載されていますね。
Nursing is hard work, but it can be very fulfilling.
I hope you can find a job that’s really fulfilling.
a fulfilling career
To lead (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to live your life in a particular way ” というふうに記載されていますね。
He had always led a quiet life until he met Emma.
He was able to lead a normal life, despite the illness.
We certainly don’t lead a life of luxury but we’re not poor either.
To lie (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to be in or move into a horizontal position on a surface ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Emma was lying on her back in the sunshine.
to lie on your side
To surpass (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to be better or greater than something else ” と” to be even better than what was expected or hoped for “というふうに記載されていますね。
India’s population now surpasses that of Africa.
Our team’s achievements surpass those of teams in earlier years.
Winning the gold medal surpassed my wildest dreams.
While the girls can be affectionate with each other, like any siblings, they can also squabble and Felicia said they have to work hard to ensure they get along – as they will be together for life.
‘They still have moments where they can fight and get angry and frustrated with each other and those fights can get violent.’
The girls will never be able to be separated or live independent lives because of the way their brains are connected.
‘People always ask when will they be separated but they won’t be,’ McKay said. ‘They have too much wiring going to each other for them ever to be separated.’
Felicia Hogan said the best way to describe the way their brains are linked is like a zip – there are two separate brains but the way they are fused together means they can never be disconnected.
As a result, the girls have learned how to live together and their parents don’t let the fact they are conjoined hold them back.
‘We never tell them they can’t do something,’ Felicia said in 2015. ‘They have to try it.’
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” showing that you love or care about someone or something “というふうに記載されています。
My best friend is thoughtful and affectionate.
an affectionate kiss
To squabble (verb/noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to argue with someone about something that is not important “ というふうに記載されていますね。
They squabbled about how the money would be spent.
Polly and Susie were having a squabble about who was going to hold the dog’s lead.
To fuse (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if two substances fuse, or if you fuse them, they become joined to form one thing ” というふうに記載されていますね。
The sperm fuses with the egg.
The bones of the skull are not properly fused at birth.
hold something back
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to keep information secret from someone deliberately ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Joe held back his anger.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）