North Korean hackers steal hundreds of classified military documents from South Korea, including US war plans
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” Classified information is officially stated to be secret “というふうに記載されていますね。
These documents contain classified material.
・North Korean hackers broke into the South’s military network last September
・Hackers gained access to 235 gigabytes of sensitive data, including war plans
・Among them was Operational Plans 5015 for use in case of war with the North
・The document includes procedures for ‘decapitation’ attacks on Kim Jong-Un
・The report comes amid heightened fears of conflict on the Korean peninsula
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the right or opportunity to use or look at something “ と記載されていますね。
Access to up-to-date financial information is important to our success.
Some groups still have difficulty gaining access to health care.
Hackers had complete access to the company files.
Access to employees’ records is restricted.
The only access to the village is by boat.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” in the middle of or surrounded by other things “ と記載されていますね。
I saw a few familiar faces among the crowd.
Rescue teams searched among the wreckage for survivors.
Most important among the country’s problems is the lack of health facilities.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると動詞 decapitateは ” to cut off someone’s head “ と記載されています。その名詞系です。
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” in the middle of or surrounded by ” と記載されていますね。
Her office was an oasis of peace and sanity amid the surrounding chaos.
We camped that night in a shallow valley amid low hills.
On the floor, amid mounds of books, were two small envelopes.
To heighten (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to increase or make something increase, especially an emotion or effect ” と記載されていますね。
The strong police presence only heightened the tension among the crowd.
As the excitement heightened, the audience began stamping their feet.
The high winds heightened concerns about forest fires.
An educational effort to heighten awareness about global warming is currently underway.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a long piece of land that sticks out from a larger area of land into the sea or into a lake ” と記載されていますね。
the Korean/Arabian/Florida Peninsula
North Korean computer hackers have stolen hundreds of classified military documents from South Korea including detailed wartime operational plans involving its US ally, a report said Tuesday.
Rhee Cheol-Hee, a lawmaker for the ruling Democratic party, said the hackers had broken into the South’s military network last September and gained access to 235 gigabytes of sensitive data, the Chosun Ilbo daily reported.
Among the leaked documents was Operational Plans 5015 for use in case of war with the North and including procedures for ‘decapitation’ attacks on leader Kim Jong-Un, Rhee said.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a country that has agreed officially to give help and support to another one, especially during a war ” と記載されていますね。
During the First World War, Turkey and Germany were allies.
Turkey was an ally of Germany.
If you’re going to succeed in this job you will need allies.
Rhee, a member of parliament’s defence committee, could not be reached for comment but his office said he had been quoted correctly.
parliament’s defence committeeは、議会の国防委員会です。
The report comes amid heightened fears of conflict on the Korean peninsula, as the North’s weapons program soared in recent months with Pyongyang launching a flurry of missiles and conducting its sixth and most powerful nuclear test in defiance of multiple sets of UN sanctions.
Tension is fueled by US President Donald Trump’s continued threats of military action against Pyongyang to tame its weapons ambitions.
In a over the weekend, Trump reiterated that diplomatic efforts with North Korea have consistently failed, adding that ‘only one thing will work’.
To reach (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to communicate with someone in a different place, especially by phone or email ” というふうに記載されていますね。
I’ve been trying to reach you on the phone all day.
I’ll leave you a number where I can be reached in an emergency.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a series of things that happen suddenly ” と “a short period of activity or emotion” というふうに記載されていますね。
a flurry of blows/punches
There was a flurry of activity outside the university.
There was a flurry of excitement as the president walked in.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” refusal to obey a person or rule ” というふうに記載されていますね。
She spoke with a tone of defiance.
Beef was reportedly exported from Britain in defiance of the ban.
They are continuing to publish their newspaper, in defiance of government attempts to close it down.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an official order, such as the stopping of trade, that is taken against a country in order to make it obey international law ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Many nations have imposed sanctions on the country because of its attacks on its own people.
The Council wanted to impose sanctions against the countries involved in the dispute.
To fuel (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make something increase or become worse, especially something unpleasant” というふうに記載されていますね。
People’s fear of crime is fuelled by sensationalist reports.
The president’s speech fuelled speculation that she is about to resign.
The rumours have been fuelled by speculation in the press.
To tame (verb/adjective)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to make a wild animal tame” と ” to control something dangerous or powerful “ というふうに記載されていますね。
a government programme to tame inflation
He’ll need to tame his temper if he wants to succeed.
They built a huge dam upstream to tame the river and prevent flooding.
After a few months’ contact the monkeys become very tame.
Their goats seem very tame.
To reiterate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to repeat something in order to emphasize it or make it very clear to people ” というふうに記載されていますね。
The government has reiterated its refusal to compromise with terrorists.
She reiterated that she had never seen him before.
He reiterated his view that it was time to withdraw from the region.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” involving diplomats or the management of the relationships between countries ” というふうに記載されていますね。
‘I think I’ll take Jane home now,’ Ray said diplomatically.
Surely a diplomatic solution is preferable to war.
On Monday he again tweeted about the country, saying that the United States ‘has been unsuccessfully dealing with North Korea for 25 years, giving billions of dollars & getting nothing’, adding that ‘policy did’t work’.
Citing Seoul’s defence ministry, Rhee said that 80 percent of the leaked documents had yet to be identified.
But the contingency plan for the South’s special forces was stolen, he said, as well as details about annual joint military drills with the US and information on key military facilities and power plants.
have yet to
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for saying that something has not happened or been done up to the present time, especially when you think it should have happened or been done ” と記載されていますね。
The Scottish Office has yet to make a formal announcement.
The group has yet to find a replacement for the director who left in September.
They have yet to make a decision.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for describing plans or actions that help you to prepare for possible bad events ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Have you made any contingency plans?
as well as
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” in addition to something or someone else “ というふうに記載されていますね。
I’d like a cup of coffee, and a glass of water as well.
I need to go to the bookshop as well as the bank.
We have a responsibility to our community as well as to our families.
A ministry spokesman declined to confirm the report, citing intelligence matters.
In May the ministry said North Korea had hacked into Seoul’s military intranet but did not say what had been leaked.
Pyongyang has a 6,800-strong unit of trained cyber-warfare specialists, according to the South Korean government.
It has been accused of launching high-profile cyber-attacks including the 2014 hacking of Sony Pictures.
The Chosun Ilbo story was the second report Tuesday of military-related cyber-attacks in the Asia-Pacific.
Australia’s government said separately an unidentified defence contractor had been hacked and a ‘significant amount of data’ stolen.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the activity of fighting a war ” というふうに記載されていますね。
an area troubled by constant warfare
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a person or company that arranges to supply materials or workers for building or for moving goods ” というふうに記載されていますね。
a building contractor
There were 47,000 cyber-incidents in the last 12 months, a 15 per cent increase from the previous year, Minister for Cyber Security Dan Tehan said in Canberra as he launched a report by the Cyber Security Centre
The defense contractor was exploited via an internet-facing server, with the cyber-criminals using remote administrative access to remain in its network, the report said.
The Australian newspaper reported that the hacker was based in China but Tehan told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation that ‘we don’t know and we cannot confirm exactly who the actor was’.
A spokesman for South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said its military was closely monitoring the movements of the North Korean army and maintaining full readiness in case of further conflict.
Consistent movements of personnel and equipment were being detected in certain locations in the North, Yonhap news agency reported, suggesting that preparations for another weapons test might be under way.
North Korea often uses provocative tests to mark key historical commemorations and the country is celebrating the 72nd anniversary of the founding of the ruling Workers’ Party on Tuesday.
To exploit (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to treat someone unfairly in order to get some benefit for yourself ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Children are being exploited in many of these factories.
Laws exist to stop companies exploiting their employees.
Factories here are coming under criticism for exploiting workers.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” relating to the management of a company, organization, or institution “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Your responsibilities will be mainly administrative.
an administrative problem
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a state of being ready and able to deal with what might or will happen ” というふうに記載されていますね。
We prepared a room and meal in readiness for their arrival.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the people who are employed in a company, organization, or one of the armed forces: ” というふうに記載されていますね。
a change of personnel on the management team
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）