Navy SEAL, Harvard doctor, and NASA Astronaut: How Navy Lt. Jonny Kim, 35, changed his career three times and became the first Korean-American astronaut to venture into space
・California man Jonny Kim, 35, went from a Navy SEAL to Harvard medical doctor to NASA Astronaut, after graduating from training this month
・He will be the first Korean-American astronaut with NASA to embark on assignments to the International Space Station, the moon and possibly Mars
・The father from Los Angeles says going into the Navy was ‘the best decision I ever made in my life’ because it made him fearless and gave him confidence
・After seeing his friends injured and pass away in the Army, he became a doctor
・While serving his residency he was chosen to be part of NASA’s Astronaut Group 22, completing two years of rigorous training
To venture (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to go somewhere unpleasant, dangerous, or exciting “という風に記載されています。
They ventured into the dark damp forest.
He has recently ventured into an export business.
embark on (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to start a new project or activity, usually one that will be difficult and will take time “と ” to start a journey by ship “という風に記載されています。
After leaving college, Lucy embarked on an acting career.
The new government embarked upon an energetic legislative programme.
We embarked on a voyage to the Caribbean.
We‘re embarking upon a new project later this year.
She graduated in 1962 and embarked on a career as a teacher.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” a period of time during which a writer, poet, artist etc is invited to work in a university or other institution “という風に記載されています。
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” strict, or severe “という風に記載されています。
rigorous enforcement of the law
The Manhattan district attorney’s office had a pretty rigorous training program.
A former Navy SEAL who became a medical doctor has now joined NASA‘s latest class of astronauts.
Dr. Jonny Kim will add the title of NASA astronaut to his long list of accolades as he just graduated on Friday from training for a mission that will send him along with 11 other astronauts into outer space.
Kim will make history as the first Korean-American NASA astronaut to embark on assignments to the Space Station, on Artemis missions to the Moon and potentially on the first human exploration mission to Mars.
アルテミス計画（アルテミスけいかく、英語: Artemis program）は、2024年にNASAが計画している有人月飛行計画でです。
A father and husband, the 35-year-old from Los Angeles, California, says he always chased adventure and getting out of his comfort zone, but it took a while to find his calling.
find (one’s) calling (phrase)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” To discover and pursue one’s true and inherent passion, skill, or vocation. “という風に記載されています。
I know you’re unhappy in your job, so I think you should take some time off to really find your calling.
Many students leave college and realize that they still have yet to find their calling.
Kim said as a youngster he felt like ‘the epitome of that quiet kid who just lacked complete self-confidence,’ in a 2018 interview with Annals of Emergency Medicine.
Then at the age of 16 he learned about the United States Naval Special Warfare Command and found his career path.
‘Going into the Navy was the best decision I ever made in my life because it completely transformed that scared boy who didn’t have any dreams to someone who started to believe in himself,’ he said.
Kim graduated from high school in 2002 and enlisted in the US Navy. He was assigned to SEAL Team Three.
He was commissioned as an officer through the Navy’s enlisted-to-officer commissioning program after he graduated from the University of San Diego with a math degree in 2012.
Then he served as a Special Operations Combat Medic, sniper, navigator and point man on over 100 combat missions in two deployments to the Middle East including Ramadi and Sadr City Iraq. His military honors include a Silver Star and a Bronze Star.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” the best possible example of a particular type of person or thing “という風に記載されています。
She was the epitome of fashionable elegance.
Even now in her sixties, she is the epitome of French elegance.
To commission (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to make someone an officer in the armed forces “という風に記載されています。
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” the movement of soldiers or equipment to a place where they can be used when they are needed: “という風に記載されています。
The Chief of Police ordered the deployment of 300 troops to try to stop the rioting.
Kim then returned stateside and attended Harvard Medical School where he specialized in emergency medicine and graduated in 2016.
Kim said he was inclined to pursue medicine after seeing his friends killed in combat. One moment that changed his career trajectory was feeling helpless in 2006 as he tried to treat a friend who was shot in the face. That friend eventually died from his wounds.
‘There wasn’t much I could do, just make sure his bleeding wasn’t obstructing his airway, making sure he was positioned well,’ Kim said in an interview with the Harvard Gazette. ‘He needed a surgeon. He needed a physician and I did eventually get him to one, but … that feeling of helplessness was very profound for me.’
Kim was a resident physician in emergency medicine with Partners Healthcare at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital when he was selected to be an astronaut in June 2017.
‘I was happy, jubilated, excited — all these emotions,’ Kim said on the moment he found out he was selected by NASA for its next astronaut class.
To incline (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to tend to behave in a particular way or to have a particular attitude or opinion “という風に記載されています。フォーマルな表現です。
The prime minister is believed to be inclining towards an April election.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” the way in which a process or event develops over a period of time “という風に記載されています。フォーマルな表現です。
No one seems satisfied with the trajectory of the peace talks.
To obstruct (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” to block a road, passage, entrance, etc. so that nothing can go along it, or to prevent something from happening correctly by putting difficulties in its way: “という風に記載されています。
After the earthquake many roads were obstructed by collapsed buildings.
Her view of the stage was obstructed by a pillar.
Seven people were arrested for allegedly obstructing a highway.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” used about very strong feelings, especially negative ones “という風に記載されています。
Most of the divorced parents we interviewed said they had experienced guilt and a profound sense of failure.
His mother’s death when he was aged six had a very profound effect on him.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” extremely happy because something good has happened “という風に記載されています。
‘My wife was there. I told her and she was jumping up and down in the grocery store. So we looked silly. I was about to pay for the food,’ he said.
Kim spent two years in the astronaut training program and graduated on January 10.
He and 11 other men and women were selected for NASA’s Astronaut Group 22 out of 18,300 applicants.
In the grueling training process the group trained in spacewalking, robotics, International Space Systems, T-38 jet proficiency and Russian language, according to Task and Purpose.
Now he‘s eagerly awaiting his first assignment, likely to the moon, then beyond.
‘I’m excited for the adventure,’ Kim told the Gazette in 2017. ‘I think it’ll be another occupation where I say, “I can’t believe I’m getting paid for doing this.”‘
Gushing with pride, Kim pumped his fist as his NASA graduating ceremony on January 10.
‘A true privilege and honor to walk among the @NASA Astronaut Corps with my brothers and sisters. We know there are many qualified and deserving candidates out there – we’re the lucky ones to represent humanity. Let’s work towards a better future for our world and our children,’ he tweeted Monday.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” extremely tiring and difficult, and demanding great effort and determination: “という風に記載されています。
a grueling 50-mile run
a gruelling twelve mile race
the President’s gruelling schedule
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” a high degree of ability or skill in something “という風に記載されています。
proficiency in Arabic/reading
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” in a way that shows that you want to do or have something very much, especially something interesting or enjoyable: “という風に記載されています。
the most eagerly awaited film of the year
His autobiography will be one of the most eagerly awaited books of the season.
To await (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to wait for something that you expect to happen “という風に記載されています。
They were awaiting the birth of their first child.
He‘s anxiously awaiting his test results.
The long/eagerly awaited sequel is now available online.
To gush (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” to express a positive feeling, especially praise, in such a strong way that it does not sound sincere: “という風に記載されています。
“You’re just so talented!” she gushed.
Popular magazines are always gushing about his looks.
fist pump (noun)
Cambridge Dictionary によると “the action of moving your closed hand up and down several times when celebrating a victory or success “という風に記載されています。
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）