Jack Ma: We need to stop training our kids for manufacturing jobs
Jack Ma knows artificial intelligence will change the world.
The Alibaba founder and chairman doesn’t think we should be scared. But he does think we should be prepared for major disruptions to the job market.
“In the last 200 years, manufacturing [has brought] jobs. But today — because of the artificial intelligence, because of the robots — manufacturing is no longer the main engine of creating jobs,” Ma said Wednesday in a speech at the Bloomberg Global Business Forum in New York City.
artificial intelligence (noun)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the use of computer technology to make computers and other machines think and do things in the way that people can “ と記載されていますね。 人工知能です。
Cambrige Dictionaryによると” a person in charge of a meeting or organization “ と記載されていますね。
In his closing remarks, the chairman thanked everyone who had helped.
the new Chairman of Malaysian Airlines
disruption to (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” an interruption in the usual way that a system, process, or event works “ と記載されていますね。
The train strikes caused major disruption to thousands of commuters.
It would cause a tremendous disruption to our work schedule to install a different computer system.
To bring (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to cause, result in, or produce a state or condition: ” と記載されていますね。
The rain brought some relief from this heat.
Bad weather brought chaos to the road and railway networks.
Moving forward, Ma said he believes the service industry will be the largest engine of job creation.
Ma’s stance is starkly different from the economic vision espoused President Donald Trump, who campaigned on an “America First” populist agenda and has repeatedly made promises to restore U.S. manufacturing jobs.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” very obviously and clearly ” と記載されていますね。
These figures starkly illustrate the poor performance of the British economy.
Her later sensual works contrast starkly with the harsh earlier paintings.
To espouse (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to support an activity or opinion ” と記載されていますね。
He espoused conservative political views.
the policies espoused by the government of Japan
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” representing or relating to the ideas and opinions of ordinary people ” と記載されていますね。
a populist manifesto
a populist leader
His populist ideas appeal to both poor and middle class workers.
Cambridge Dictionary によると” a list of aims or possible future achievements ” と記載されていますね。
Education was placed firmly on the political agenda in the prime minister’s weekend speech.
Finding a job is at the top of my agenda.
To restore (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to cause a particular situation to exist again, especially a positive one ” というふうに記載されていますね。
By Sunday, electricity had been restored.
The church was recently restored after decades of disuse.
New York became the 38th state to restore the death penalty.
The government is trying to restore confidence in the country’s economy.
Doctors have restored his sight.
The painting was restored to its rightful owner.
Most of the agricultural land has been restored to its original owners.
“Talking about manufacturing, we should not be talking Made in China, Made in America,” Ma said. “It’s going to be ‘Made in Internet.'”
But Ma sees a major obstacle: He doesn’t believe the world’s current approach to education properly prepares today’s youth for the realities of tomorrow’s work.
“The way we teach … is going to be making our kids [lose] jobs [in] the next 30 years,” he said. He noted that when it comes to tasks like calculation, machines will always “do better.”
The key to keeping human workers relevant will be emphasizing imagination, according to Ma.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a difficulty or problem that prevents you from achieving something ” と記載されていますね。
Disabled people succeed in overcoming many obstacles in everyday life.
The biggest obstacle in our way was a tree trunk in the road.
We suddenly encountered an obstacle along the trail.
To prepare (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to make or get something or someone ready for something that will happen in the future ” と記載されていますね。
Wendy helped Karen prepare the room for their guests.
Bob was preparing breakfast for everyone.
We’re preparing a special reception for him when he returns.
I think you should prepare yourself for a shock.
This course prepares graduates for management careers in the tourist industry.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” directly connected with and important to what is being discussed or considered “と記載されていますね。
Once we have all the relevant information, we can make a decision.
Ignore that comment. It’s not relevant.
How is that relevant to this discussion?
To emphasize (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to give particular importance or attention to something “というふうに記載されていますね。
I’d just like to emphasize how important it is for people to learn foreign languages.He emphasized that all the people taking part in the research were volunteers.You can use italics or capitals to emphasize a word in a piece of writing.She emphasized the importance of good nutrition.She emphasizes that her novels are not written for children.
“We have to teach our kids to be very, very innovative, very creative,” he said. “In this way, we can create jobs for our own kids.”
When it comes to artificial intelligence, Ma positions himself a realist — but also as an optimist.
“The new technology will destroy a lot of jobs. But it will also create a lot of jobs,” he said. “The question is whether we are ready and whether we are qualified for these new jobs.”
In the meantime, there shouldn’t be widespread anxiety about a war between humans and machines, Ma said. Computers will never have mastery over “wisdom” or “love,” giving human a perpetual advantage.
To position (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to put something in a particular place “ と記載されていますね。
When it came to seating people for dinner, I positioned myself as far away from him as possible.
Once the paper is positioned correctly, the printer should print with no problems.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” having finished a training course, or having particular skills, etc. ” と記載されていますね。
She is particularly well qualified to give an opinion.
I’m not qualified to give advice on such matters.
Tim is now a qualified architect.
a qualified doctor/nurse/teacher
In the meantime
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” during the time between two events or between the present time and a future event ” と記載されていますね。
Your teacher will be here soon. In the meantime, can you get on with some reading, please?
The school will have to be rebuilt. In the meantime, teachers are using portable classrooms.
Your computer won’t arrive till Thursday. In the meantime, you can use Jude’s.
Rick wants to be an actor, but in the meantime he’s working as a waiter.
The government waits for an economic miracle while, in the meantime, whole industries collapse.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” complete control of something ” と記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” continuing all the time ” と記載されていますね。
Many people live in perpetual fear of losing their jobs.
A perpetual mist hung over the valley.
She is perpetually late.
“Human beings should have the self-confidence,” he said. “Human being[s] have the wisdom. Machine[s do] not have the wisdom.”
It’s a different view of artificial intelligence than the one promoted by Tesla () CEO Elon Musk. Earlier this month, Musk tweeted that he believes AI will cause World War III as nations compete over the technology.
To prompt (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to cause something to happen or be done “ と“to encourage someone to speak or continue speaking” と記載されていますね。
The birth of my first child prompted me to write this article.
What prompted you to say that?
I don’t know what prompted him to leave.
‘But, what?’ he prompted.
Without being prompted, she began to apologize.
To compete (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to try to be more successful than other companies or people in business ” と記載されていますね。
We have to compete in a commercial environment.
We’re too small to compete with a company like that.
It’s difficult for a small shop to compete against/with the big supermarkets.
Both girls compete for their father’s attention.
Musk has long warned about the risks of AI. He signed a letter in August asking the United Nations to ban autonomous weapons and now heads the startup Neuralink, which is working to connect the human brain to computers. Musk figures that since nobody is heeding his warnings about AI, he may as well develop the technology in a way that will benefit society.
Ma’s understanding of the future — particularly the future of human conflict — offers up a bit more hope.
“I’m optimistic — positive — for the future for the technology,” he said. “But we also have to be very, very careful. The first technology revolution caused World War I. Second technology revolution caused World War II. Now, we’re in the third technology revolution. The World War III should be against poverty, disease and environment pollutions.”
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” independent and having the power to make your own decisions ” と記載されていますね。自立型という意味です。
To head (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to be in charge of a group or organization ” と記載されていますね。
She heads one of Britain’s leading travel firms.
You will work with the management team headed by Miles Broughton.
To figure (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to believe that something is true, although you do not know for certain ” と記載されていますね。
I figured that Joe would have received my letter by now.
We figured (that) you’d want to rest after your trip.
I figure that you’ll want to eat before we go out.
We figured that the train would be delayed.
They figured (that) about twenty people would be there.
To heed (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to pay attention to something, especially advice or a warning ” と記載されていますね。
The danger signs were there, but we didn’t heed the warning.
The airline failed to heed warnings about security.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a situation in which it is difficult for two things to exist together or be true at the same time ” と記載されていますね。
There is a conflict between the two sides of his personality.
There was a lot of conflict between him and his father.
Conflicts between parents and children become more frequent when the children become teenagers.
This technology may be in conflict with copyright law.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）