Children ‘will be taught how to clean their teeth at SCHOOL’: Teachers could hand out brushes and toothpaste to pupils amid fears parents don’t supervise properly at home
・Dentists pull out rotten teeth from 1,000 under six-year-olds a month in the UK
・Officials claim some parents may be unable to afford toothbrushes or paste
・Health Secretary Matt Hancock is due to announce a consultation on the plan
To supervise (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” to watch a person or activity to make certain that everything is done correctly, safely, etc.: “という風に記載されています。
The children play while two teachers supervise (= make certain that they behave correctly and are safe).
With 20 kids running round and only two adults to supervise, it was complete mayhem.
He was employed to supervise the computerization of records.
She supervises 75 employees in our order department.
To afford (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” if you can afford something, you have enough money to be able to pay for it. This word usually follows ‘can’, ‘could’, or ‘be able to’ “という風に記載されていますね。
I don’t know how he can afford a new car on his salary.
Few people are able to afford cars like that.
I’m not sure how they are able to afford such expensive holidays.
We need a bigger house, but we just can’t afford the rent.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” discussion between people or groups before they make a decision “という風に記載されていますね。
a consultation process/period
He made the decision in consultation with his parents and teachers.
After consultations with our accountants, we’ve decided how to cut costs within the company.
Children may be taught how to brush their teeth at school in an attempt to cut spiralling rates of decay, it has emerged.
Dentists pull out rotten teeth from 1,000 children under the age of six every month in the UK, Public Health England (PHE) statistics show.
And around 105 youngsters are admitted to hospital every day to have the painful procedure, most of which could have been prevented.
This adds up to at least 60,000 school days being missed a year across the country, PHE figures add.
Health chiefs blame a lack of supervision at home or parents simply being unable to afford toothbrushes and paste. Experts have also pointed the finger at children’s huge sugar consumption.
The UK’s Health Secretary Matt Hancock is reportedly due to announce a consultation on introducing teeth brushing ‘lessons’, which has been met with a mixed response.
One dental expert called the proposal a ‘great leap forward’, however, some question whether oral hygiene is really a teacher’s responsibility.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” the act of watching a person or activity and making certain that everything is done correctly, safely, etc.: “という風に記載されていますね。
Students are not allowed to handle these chemicals unless they are under the supervision of a teacher.
Dangerous prisoners need constant supervision.
Here children can play safely under supervision.
point the finger at (phrase)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to accuse someone of being responsible for something bad that has happened: “という風に記載されていますね。
Unhappy tourists have pointed the finger at unhelpful travel agents.
When criticized, he was quick to point the finger at his co-workers.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” showing a mixture of different feelings or opinions: “という風に記載されていますね。
There has been a mixed reaction to the changes.
Similar schemes are already up and running in certain parts of the country for children aged three to five.
Mr Hancock is reportedly looking to expand this and include older students.
Mick Armstrong, chair of the principal executive committee at the British Dental Association (BDA), told The Sun Mr Hancock’s plan would be a ‘great leap forward for public health’.
‘Our NHS shouldn’t be spending millions on tooth extractions, when prevention could pay for itself,‘ he added.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” the process of removing a tooth: “という風に記載されています。
a tooth extraction
She had two extractions.
pay for itself (phrase)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” If something pays for itself, it works so well that it saves the same amount of money that it cost: “という風に記載されていますね。
A more efficient machine would pay for itself within a year.
The advertising should pay for itself.
Dental services reportedly cost the health service around £3.4billion ($4.2bn) a year.
However, others are less enthusiastic, with teachers’ unions arguing staff are already overstretched.
Dr Mary Bousted, joint general secretary of the National Education Union, said: ‘We want healthy children in class but is this really the responsibility of teachers?’
Almost a third of five-year-olds in the UK have tooth decay, Faculty of Dental Surgery statistics show.
And around 42 per cent of two-to-11 year olds have decay in their baby teeth in the US, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Dr John Morris, senior lecturer in dental public health at the University of Birmingham, previously said: ‘Poor oral health can cause pain and infection, which can affect eating, sleeping, socialising and learning’.
Tooth extraction was the main reason children aged five to nine years old were admitted to hospital between March 2014 and March 2016.
Children aged five and under accounted for 14,545 tooth extractions in 2017-to-18 in England, with most of those – 12,783 – being for tooth decay.
This has largely been blamed on the fact youngsters eat nearly three times the five teaspoon recommended daily limit of sugar.
Professor Michael Escudier, dean for the dental faculty at the Royal College of Surgeons, said: ‘Tens of thousands of young children are having to go through the distressing experience of having their teeth removed under general anaesthetic for a problem that is 90 per cent avoidable.’
Dr Sandra White, director of dental public health at PHE, added: ‘Children are consuming far too much sugar each day, and this can have a very serious impact on their oral health.
‘Parents can help reduce their children’s sugar intake by making simple swaps when shopping and making sure their children’s teeth are brushed twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
‘Small, consistent changes like these can have the biggest impact on children’s teeth.’
The BDA has also blamed the government for failing to offer a ‘joined-up’ approach to children’s dental health.
Its chairman Mick Armstrong said: ‘Tooth decay is the number one reason young children will end up in hospital and it won’t be solved with token efforts.’
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” without enough money, people etc to operate effectively “という風に記載されていますね。
Hospitals are overstretched, and patients are not getting the treatment they need.
Our staff work hard but the reality is they are overstretched.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” a drug or gas that is given to someone before a medical operation to stop them feeling pain. An anaesthetic that affects the whole of your body by making you unconscious is called a general anaesthetic and an anaesthetic that affects only a part of your body is called a local anaesthetic “という風に記載されていますね。
The procedure is usually carried out under anaesthetic.
With a local anesthetic, a patient is awake during surgery.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” the amount of something that you eat or drink “という風に記載されていますね。
Reduce your intake of salt, sugar, and junk foods.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” the process of giving one thing in exchange for another “という風に記載されていますね。
The hostages were released as part of a swap for two spies.
I thought Sam’s lunch looked better than mine, so we did a swap.
This comic is a swap (= something that was exchanged) that I got from Nick.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” if ideas or parts of a system are joined-up, they work together in a useful and effective way: “という風に記載されていますね。
The weekly meeting of senior managers is to encourage joined-up thinking between departments.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” A token action is small or unimportant and may show your future intentions or may only pretend to: “という風に記載されていますね。
He made a token effort to find a job.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）