The END of manspreading? University student fed up with ‘men infringing on her public space’ wins national design award for creating chair that restricts how they sit down
・Laila Laurel, 23, has created a chair which prevents men from manspreading
・Manspreading was added as a word to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2015
・Two bits of wood are positioned on the seat to prevent a user taking up space
・Ms Laurel will graduate from the University of Brighton later this month
fed up (adjective)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” annoyed or bored with something that you feel you have accepted for too long “という風に記載されています。
I’m fed up with this job.
She’d got fed up with waiting and gone home.
I’m fed up with cleaning up after you all the time.
I’m just fed up with his excuses for not getting his work done.
infringe on/upon sth (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” If something infringes on/upon someone’s rights or freedom, it takes away some of their rights or limits their freedom: “という風に記載されていますね。
These restrictions infringe upon basic human rights.
The inquiry infringes on people’s privacy.
To restrict (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” to limit the movements or actions of someone, or to limit something and reduce its size or prevent it from increasing: “という風に記載されていますね。
Travel is a dream of mine, but a busy working life has restricted my opportunities.
The government has restricted freedom of movement into and out of the country.
Doctors have restricted the number of visits to two per day.
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” a small piece or a small amount of something: “という風に記載されていますね。
little bits of paper
We need every bit of evidence we can find.
We showed a little bit on videotape.
take up (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to fill a particular amount of space or time “という風に記載されていますね。
These files take up a lot of disk space.
I’ll try not to take up too much of your time.
This desk takes up too much room.
Half the letter is taken up with her complaining about her neighbours.
Most of the garage space is taken up with his music kit.
A university student has won a national award for designing a chair that stops men from manspreading.
Laila Laurel, 23, created the piece of furniture to stop men from widening their legs and encroaching on other people’s personal space.
Two bits of wood are cleverly positioned on the seat to physically stop whoever is sitting down from moving their legs apart.
encroach on/upon sth (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to gradually take away someone else’s rights, or to take control of someone’s time, work, etc.: “と、” to gradually cover more and more of an area of land: “という風に記載されていますね。
I didn’t want work to encroach any more on my spare time.
The sea has encroached all round the coast.
The word ‘manspreading’ was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2015 following an online campaign against the practice since 2013.
The dictionary definition is the ‘practice of a man sitting on public transport with his legs wide apart, taking up more space than he needs and preventing other people from sitting down’.
Ms Laurel, who graduates in 3D Design and Craft from the University of Brighton later this month, has been commended for her innovative creation.
To commend (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to praise someone or something formally or publicly “という風に記載されています。
His photograph was highly commended in the Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition.
The judge commended her for/on her bravery.
Lamos should be commended for creating important opportunities for minority actors.
She won an award for emerging talent in the design industry called the Belmond Award, which calls for imaginative and cleverly presented ideas.
Speaking about her inspiration, Ms Laurel said: ‘It came from my own experiences of men infringing on my space in public.
‘With my chair set I hoped to draw awareness to the act of sitting for men and women and inspire discussion around this.’
The student said she was ‘shocked’, ‘happy’ and ‘honoured’ to win the Belmond Award for her work, which is called ‘A Solution for Manspreading’.
The panel of judges said Ms Laurel’s work was ‘a bold, purpose-driven design that explores the important role of design in informing space, a person’s behaviour and society issues of today’.
Ms Laurel, originally from Norwich, Norfolk, has also made a second seat intended for women which, via a small piece of wood in the middle, encourages sitters to extend their legs wider apart.
Senior lecturer in architecture and design at the University of Brighton Dr Eddy Elton said he was ‘proud’ of his student’s achievement.
He added: ‘Over the past month our students and staff have come together to work tirelessly on its design.
‘Winning the award at such a prestigious event, which is recognised by the professional design community, was an amazing achievement for our students and university.
‘Seeing our students being called to the stage to receive this award is something I will be forever proud of.’
To emerge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” to come out of something or out from behind something “と、” to become known “という風に記載されていますね。
After a few weeks, the caterpillar emerges from its cocoon.
The doors opened and people began to emerge into the street.
Some worrying rumours were beginning to emerge.
Three important factors emerged from our discussions.
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” admired and respected by people “という風に記載されていますね。
a prestigious school/institution/literary prize
a prestigious literary award
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）