Woman whose Texas home is surrounded by flood waters after Hurricane Harvey films an alligator floating in her backyard… then sees another just a few feet from her patio
・Arlene Kelsch filmed alligators in her flooded backyard in Missouri City, Texas
・The Houston suburb was hit with flooding and rain during Tropical Storm Harvey
・Alligators often infiltrate landlocked areas as they seek higher ground in storms
・Ahead of Harvey’s arrival over the weekend, officials across Texas warned residents that unexpected animals and objects could float into neighborhoods
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” an area or town near a large city but away from its centre, where there are many houses, especially for middle-class people “ 記載されていますね。
Wanstead is a suburb of London.Box Hill is a suburb of Melbourne.We drove from middle-class suburbs to a very poorinner-city area.Most of the people who live in the suburbs work in the city.
To infiltrate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to secretly join an organization or go into a place in order to find out information about it or damage it “ 記載されていますね。
A journalist managed to infiltrate the powerful drug cartel.
plans to prevent rebels from infiltrating into the country
Activists had infiltrated the student movement.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” ta landlocked country or area is surrounded by land ” と記載されていますね。
As Tropical Storm Harvey continues to batter Texas with heavy rains and deep flooding, alligators seeking higher ground have infiltrated at least one neighborhood in a Houston suburb.
A woman from Missouri City, southwest of Houston, posted a video on Facebook showing two alligators swimming through her backyard on Sunday.
As the water continued to rise around Arlene Gonzalez Kelsch’s home, she showed one alligator swimming close to a nearby road while another made its way toward her patio.
To batter (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to hit something very hard several times ” と記載されていますね。
The rain battered against the windows.
Huge waves battered the little ship.
The waves battered against the rocks at the bottom of the cliff.
nearby (adverb / adjective)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” not far away ” と記載されていますね。
If there’s a café nearby, we could stop for a snack.
I noticed a policeman standing nearby.
We walked to a nearby park.
I found it on a nearby table.
in a nearby shop/hotel
make your way (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to start moving towards a place ” と記載されていますね。
We made our way to the front of the crowd.
Ahead of Harvey’s arrival over the weekend, officials across Texas warned residents that unexpected animals and objects could float into neighborhoods hit with floods.
After a weekend of heavy rain and flooding, Harvey is continuing to head back toward the Gulf of Mexico at a slow pace.
To head (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to go in a particular direction ” というふうに記載されていますね。
She headed towards the library.
I was heading out of the room when she called me back.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the speed at which something happens or is done ” と記載されていますね。
You seem to be working at a slower pace than normal.
The course allows students to progress at their own pace.
The roads were full of traffic and we were travelling at a snail’s pace for two hours.
The National Hurricane Center said in its 4am CDT update that the storm is centered 20 miles east of Victoria, Texas, about 120 miles (193 km) southwest of Houston. It continues to creep to the southeast at 3 mph (6 kmh).
That means it remains virtually stalled near the coast and continues to drop heavy rain on the Houston and Galveston areas.
Harvey made landfall late Friday as a Category 4 hurricane and has lingered dropping heavy rain in the Houston area still has sustained winds of up to 40 mph (65 kmh).
In the past 48 hours, numerous spots in the region have measured more than 25 inches of rainfall.
To creep (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if someone creeps somewhere, they move there quietly and slowly ” と ” if something such as fire, the sun, or fog creeps somewhere, it moves slowly “記載されていますね。
I crept downstairs when everyone was asleep.
She crept quietly into bed.
I watched the sunlight creep across the window.
She turned off the light and crept through the door.
Someone was creeping around outside my window.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” almost “記載されていますね。
Their twins are virtually identical.
That wine stain on my shirt has virtually disappeared.
Virtually all the students live in university halls of residence.
Vaccines have virtually eliminated many childhood diseases.
To stall (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if a vehicle or its engine stalls, or if the driver stalls it, it suddenly stops working because not enough power is reaching the engine ” と “if a process stalls, or if someone stalls it, it stops making progress” 記載されていますね。また、“to delay taking action or avoid giving an answer in order to have more time to make a decision or get an advantage” という意味もあります。
The truck stalled on the hill.
My car stalled at the traffic light.
A car may stall due to the driver braking too suddenly.
I stalled the car twice during my driving test but still managed to pass.
The peace process remained stalled last night.
They’re just stalling, trying to avoid making a decision.
‘Do you know who it was?’ ‘Not yet,’ I stalled.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a situation in which someone or something reaches land after being at sea ” と記載されていますね。
Tropical storm Bonnie made landfall on Florida’s Panhandle.
After a long and gruelling flight, they finally made landfall in Florida.
To linger (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to take a long time to leave or disappear: ” と記載されていますね。
Many students lingered after class.
I like to linger over breakfast and read the newspapers.
We went to small cafes where we could linger over cappuccino.
The smell lingered in the kitchen for days.
After the play had finished, we lingered for a while in the bar hoping to catch sight of the actors.
The smell from the fire still lingered days later.
It’s impossible to forget such horrific events – they linger (on) in the memory forever.
To sustain (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to provide the conditions in which something can happen or exist ” と “to give someone strength, energy, or hope” 記載されていますね。
Only two of the planets could sustain life.
A cup of coffee isn’t enough to sustain you until lunchtime.
Throughout the trial he was sustained by the support of his family.
This year’s harvest is insufficient to sustain a growing population.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” many ” と記載されていますね。
She is the author of three books and numerous articles.
The report contains numerous errors.
We have discussed these plans on numerous occasions.
The car was seen in the area on numerous occasions.
The hurricane center said Harvey’s center was expected to drift off the middle Texas coast on Monday and meander offshore through Tuesday before beginning ‘a slow northeastward motion’.
The center says those in the upper Texas coast and in southwestern Louisiana should continue to monitor Harvey’s progress.
To drift (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to move slowly, especially as a result of outside forces, with no control over direction ” と記載されていますね。
The boat started to drift out to sea.
The boat drifted westwards in the prevailing winds.
Thick smoke drifted across the town.
The country seems to be drifting towards war.
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
drift off (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to gradually start to sleep ” と記載されていますね。
I couldn’t help drifting off in the middle of that lecture – it was so boring!
I was just drifting off when the door slammed.
To meander (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to follow a route that is not straight or direct: ” と ” to walk slowly without any clear direction “ と記載されていますね。
Hikers can meander along the path next to the river for several miles.
We spent the afternoon meandering around the streets of the old town.
Visitors can meander through 100,000 square feet of exhibition space.
offshore (adjective / adverb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” away from or at a distance from the coast ” と記載されていますね。
an offshore breeze
The wind was blowing offshore.
Meanwhile, Houston officials are continuing to urge people to shelter in place and stay off flooded roadways.
stay offというphrasal verbではなく、offはただのprepositionです。
Public Information Officer Keith Smith said on Sunday night that rescue efforts continue and now are focused on those who feel trapped inside a home or building.
Smith said the city’s 911 emergency response system has been challenged by sharply increased call volumes since the tropical storm made landfall late Friday as a Category 4 hurricane.
To urge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take “ 記載されていますね。
Lawyers will urge the parents to take further legal action.
The president urged other countries to lift the trade restrictions.
To shelter (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to protect yourself, or another person or thing, from bad weather, danger, or attack “ 記載されていますね。
We were caught in a thunderstorm, without anywhere to shelter.
We were caught in a thunderstorm and sheltered in a cave.
A group of us were sheltering from the rain under the trees.
To trap (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” The two men died when they were trapped in a burning building. ” と記載されていますね。
Both men were trapped inside the burning car.
The bomb exploded, trapping victims in the building.
The two men died when they were trapped in a burning building.
To challenge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to test someone’s skill and abilities “ 記載されていますね。
My present job doesn’t really challenge me.
It is a problem that has intrigued and challenged me for many years.
He said during a typical 24-hour period, the emergency response system receives about 8,000 calls. But during a 17-hour period following Harvey’s landfall, more than 56,000 911 calls were received.
And as the nation’s fourth-largest city braced for more rain and rescues on Monday, officials began releasing even more water from reservoirs overwhelmed by the storm, even though the move aimed at protecting downtown Houston could make already devastating flooding worse around thousands of homes.
To brace (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to get ready for something unpleasant “ 記載されていますね。
The weather forecasters told us to brace ourselves for a heavy storm.
The passengers were told to brace themselves for a crash landing.
She told me she had some bad news for me and I braced myself for a shock.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” an artificial or natural lake where water is stored so that it can be supplied to the houses in an area ” と記載されていますね。
To overwhelm (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to exist in such great amounts that someone or something cannot deal with them “ 記載されていますね。
In June the town is overwhelmed by tourists.
The number of refugees overwhelmed the relief agencies in the area.
aim at (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to plan, hope, or intend to achieve something: “ 記載されていますね。
The talks are aiming at a compromise.
The government’s campaign is aimed at influencing public opinion.
an energy programme aimed at reducing our dependence on fossil fuels
The regulations are aimed at the prevention of accidents at work.
The strategic engineering move that officials said was planned for 2am CDT came about 90 minutes early in one instance and a day early in another.
in one instance で一例としてです。
Harvey has chased thousands of people to rooftops or higher ground and overwhelmed rescuers who could not keep up with the constant calls for help.
Harris and Fort Bend county officials initially said residents should be prepared for the influx of water that was scheduled to happen at Addicks around 2am Monday and a day later at Barker.
Officials warned residents they should pack their cars Sunday night and wait for daylight Monday to leave.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a large number of people or things coming to a particular place “ 記載されていますね。
the huge influx of tourists
The town’s economy depends on the summer influx of tourists.
Turkey is expecting an influx of several thousand refugees over the next few days.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）