Are you going to recycle all that? Environmental activists sit amongst discarded plastic bottles, old shopping bags and single-use coffee cups in Oxford Street shut-down
・Extinction Rebellion protesters have been spotted with single-use plastics
・Activists have brought water bottles, carrier bags and coffee cups with them
・Single use plastic has become a huge danger to wildlife in natural world
・Organisation has yet to comment on what it will be doing to recycle waste
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” the situation when an animal, plant, or language no longer exists “という風に記載されていますね。
species that are in danger of extinction
The extinction of the dinosaurs occurred millions of years ago.
Many species of plants and animals are in danger of/threatened with extinction (= being destroyed so that they no longer exist).
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an attempt to remove a government or leader by force “という風に記載されていますね。
an abortive military rebellion
The capital was destroyed during the rebellion.
They have been brought disruption to London for days while campaigning for more to be done to protect the environment from climate change.
But protesters from Extinction Rebellion appear to be less bothered about plastic waste after being spotted surrounded by bottles and coffee cups in central London.
Plastic carrier bags and disposable coffee cups from chain shops are dotted around their bags and blankets in Oxford Circus as well as separate demonstrations in Marble Arch and outside Jeremy Corbyn‘s house in Islington.
Single-use plastic has become a huge environmental concern with around 104million tonnes dumped in the natural world every year.
It mainly ends up in oceans, posing a serious threat to wildlife, while less than 20 per cent is believed to be recycled annually.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a situation in which something cannot continue because of a problem “という風に記載されていますね。
The train strikes caused major disruption to thousands of commuters.
It would cause a tremendous disruption to our work schedule to install a different computer system.
carrier bag (noun)
Macmillan Dictionary によると ” a cheap bag that a shop gives you for carrying your goods home “という風に記載されていますね。
To pose (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to cause something, especially a problem or difficulty: “という風に記載されていますね。
Nuclear weapons pose a threat to everyone.
Drunken drivers pose a serious threat to other road users.
We are being told that the accident poses no threat to the environment.
Experts say just 20 per cent of plastic is being collected for recycling worldwide, while more than half is burned or sent to landfill, raising questions about what the Extinction Rebellion campaigners are doing with their left over bottles and bags.
A spokesman for Extinction Rebellion said: ‘The Climate and Ecological Crisis is the biggest problem-solving issue humanity has ever faced, no one individual can fix this alone.
‘We have to come together to respond, and as a species decide how we want to live on this planet.
‘There have been some people using single-use plastics at the sites – they’re a big problem, avoiding them is tough.
‘We need radical change to provide the infrastructure for people to make sustainable choices.
‘This is what the Rebellion’s about – young and old, working together to find solutions.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the set of systems within a place or organization that affect how well it operates, for example the telephone and transport systems in a country “という風に記載されていますね。
‘Mostly though people have been great at avoiding making rubbish, and when they do, recycling it.
‘In fact, we’ve heard from the council cleaner at Marble Arch that he’s only having to collect one bag of rubbish a day, rather than the usual four.
‘The Mail’s plastics campaign has been brilliant. If you team up with Extinction Rebellion we could change the world.’
Charity WWF International says more than 270 animal species have been entangled in plastic debris, which is how at least 1,000 marine turtles die each year.
More than 240 animal species have been found to swallow plastic, which can kill everything from sea birds to whales by blocking their guts so that they die of starvation.
Every minute, more than nine million tons of plastic enter the ocean – the equivalent of 1.4 million half-litre plastic bottles. Potentially four times that amount ends up on the land.
The protest, which is now in its fifth day, has already brought several parts of London to a standstill by blocking four major routes of Waterloo Bridge, Oxford Circus, Marble Arch and Parliament Square.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a group of people elected or chosen to make decisions or give advice on a particular subject, to represent a particular group of people, or to run a particular organization: “という風に記載されていますね。
a member of the city council
the United Nations Security Council
This play is supported by a grant from the local arts council.
To entangle (verb)
Camnbridge Dictionaryによると ” to cause something to become caught in something such as a net or ropes: “という風に記載されていますね。
The dolphin had become entangled in/with the fishing nets.
A seal became entangled in the fishing net.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the broken pieces that are left when something large has been destroyed, especially by an explosion, fire, or accident “と、” rubbish or pieces of useless material that make a place untidy “という風に記載されていますね。
Debris from the aircraft was scattered over a large area.
After the tornado, debris from damaged trees and houses littered the town.
To die (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to stop being alive “という風に記載されていますね。
She is dying of cancer.
She died of/from hunger/cancer/a heart attack/her injuries.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a situation in which a person or animal suffers or dies because they do not have enough to eat “という風に記載されていますね。
Millions are threatened by starvation and disease each year.
The animals had died of starvation.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a condition in which all movement or activity has stopped: “という風に記載されていますね。
This crisis is threatening to bring the country’s economy to a standstill.
The business was brought to a standstill by the postal workers’ dispute.
Fighting and shortages have brought normal life to a virtual standstill in the city.
Today Oscar-winning actress and writer Dame Emma Thompson joined the protests in Oxford Circus and stood atop a pink boat to encourage the activists to continue their efforts.
The Love Actually star added: ‘We have seriously failed them and our planet is in serious trouble, we have much, much less time than we thought.
‘I have seen the evidence for myself and I really care about my children and grandchildren enough to want to be here today to stand with the next generation.’
Dame Emma, whose flight from Los Angeles to London this week generated at least 1.67 tonnes of CO2, said she had wanted to join the protests sooner but it had been her 60th birthday on Monday.
More than 570 protesters have now been arrested as activists continue to ignore orders to leave roadblocks around London.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” at the top of something “という風に記載されていますね。
She sat atop a two-metre wall.
She and Harry toyed with the idea of living in a penthouse atop the building.
The action also moved to London Heathrow today, although there was no disruption to flights, with about 15 young people unfurling a banner on the pavement outside the transport hub reading: ‘Are we the last generation?’.
Officers told the protesters they were breaking a bylaw by protesting on airport property, and so arrests are expected.
One well-spoken boy told Sky News while fighting back tears: ‘I don’t want to be the last generation. I’ve told you I’m here out of love and out of fear and from that comes courage, and that’s why I’m here, that’s why I’m here.’
Another girl said: ‘It’s about the message that we’re trying to send, and that is that we are very possibly the last generation and that our futures have been stolen, the lives we thought we would be able to lead have been taken.’
Home Secretary Sajid Javid has urged police to use ‘the full force of the law’ against Extinction Rebellion protesters.
To unfurl (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to untie or open something that was rolled up, for example a flag or an umbrella, and let it spread out “という風に記載されていますね。
The demonstrators unfurled a large banner.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a law made by local government that only relates to its particular region “という風に記載されていますね。
fight back (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if you fight back an emotion, you try very hard not to show it “という風に記載されていますね。
Mary bit her lip and fought back her tears.
She fought back the tears as she watched her brother go.
In a statement, he said: ‘Over recent days, commuters trying to earn a living have been unable to travel to work and businesses have been disrupted.
‘Emergency vehicles have faced difficulties navigating the road networks and the demonstrations have put added pressure on police officers whose job it is to solve crimes and protect the public.
‘Let me be clear: I totally condemn any protesters who are stepping outside the boundaries of the law. They have no right to cause misery for the millions of people who are trying to lead their daily lives. Unlawful behaviour will not be tolerated.’
Scotland Yard has warned protesters the force had ‘strong plans’ in place with a significant number of officers ready to respond.
More than 1,000 officers have been deployed daily to deal with the protest.
Some have been asked to work 12-hour shifts, while rest days and leave has been cancelled.
The Met said the protests are putting a strain on policing in the capital with officers diverted away from their ‘core local duties’.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the state of being extremely unhappy or uncomfortable “という風に記載されていますね。
Children were living in misery, without housing, school, or clinics.
To lead (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to live your life in a particular way “という風に記載されていますね。
He had always led a quiet life until he met Emma.
He was able to lead a normal life, despite the illness.
We certainly don’t lead a life of luxury but we’re not poor either.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” not allowed by law: “という風に記載されていますね。
unlawful possession of guns
To deploy (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if a government or army deploys soldiers or weapons, it uses them “という風に記載されていますね。
Troops have been deployed in the area to counter a possible attack.
The decision has been made to deploy extra troops/more powerful weapons.
The UN is deploying observers.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a period of time away from your job or from the armed forces “という風に記載されていますね。
You are entitled to six weeks’ annual leave.
I met her while I was on leave.
How much annual/paid leave do you get?
She’s (gone) on leave (= holiday).
I’ve asked if I can take a week’s unpaid leave.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a force or influence that stretches, pulls, or puts pressure on something, sometimes causing damage: “という風に記載されていますね。
The hurricane put such a strain on the bridge that it collapsed.
Their constant arguments were putting a strain on their marriage.
The recent decline in the dollar has put a bigger strain on the economic system.
To divert (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to do something to take people’s attention away from something that you do not want them to concentrate on or notice “という風に記載されていますね。
Cooper claims the council used the inquiry to divert attention from their financial problems.
The war has diverted attention (away) from the country’s economic problems.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）