Teenagers Say Depression and Anxiety Are Major Issues Among Their Peers
Most American teenagers — across demographic groups — see depression and anxiety as major problems among their peers, a new survey by the Pew Research Center found.
The survey found that 70 percent of teenagers saw mental health as a big issue. Fewer teenagers cited bullying, drug addiction or gangs as major problems; those from low-income households were more likely to do so.
The consistency of the responses about mental health issues across gender, race and income lines was striking, said Juliana Horowitz, an associate director of research at the center.
The survey also asked respondents if they considered alcohol consumption or teen pregnancy to be major problems among their peers. Half of the teenagers from households earning less than $30,000 said alcohol was a major problem; that number decreased to 43 percent among teenagers in households earning more than $75,000.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a person who is the same age or has the same social position or the same abilities as other people in a group: “という風に記載されていますね。
Do you think it’s true that teenage girls are less self-confident than their male peers?
Teenagers are often worried about looking stupid in front of their peers.
Few players have gained as much respect from their peers as Bobby Robson.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a group of people, often a family, who live together: “という風に記載されていますね。
By the 1960s, most households had a TV.
What percentage of the city’s households live in poverty?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” very unusual or easily noticed, and therefore attracting a lot of attention: “という風に記載されていますね。
There’s a striking contrast between what he does and what he says he does.
There are striking similarities between the two cases.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” someone who answers questions, especially on a questionnaire (=a set of written questions) or for an opinion poll “という風に記載されていますね。
In a recent opinion poll, a majority of respondents were against nuclear weapons.
Sixty-four per cent of respondents reported side effects from the drug.
To consider (to be) (verb)
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” to have a particular opinion about someone or something “ という風に記載されていますね。
We all considered him a hero.
He is currently considered (to be) the best British athlete.
We don’t consider her to be right for the job.
Teenagers diverged most drastically across income lines on the issue of teen pregnancy. Fifty-five percent of teenagers in lower-income households said it was a major problem among their peers. Just 22 percent of teenagers in wealthier households agreed.
The survey of 920 teenagers ages 13 to 17 in the United States was conducted online and by phone in the fall. In their report, the researchers broke down results by income level and gender but not race or ethnicity, citing the small sample size.
Some psychologists have tied a growth in mental health issues among teenagers to increased social media use, academic pressure and frightening events like terror attacks and school shootings.
Teenagers who grew up in the post-9/11 era, and amid many school shootings, may have anxiety tied to an environment filled with dire warnings about safety, said Philip Kendall, director of the Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders Clinic at Temple University in Philadelphia.
His center often helps children distinguish between the possible and the probable, to help put anxiety about frightening but rare events in proper context.
To diverge (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to develop and become different after being the same “という風に記載されていますね。
Their views on foreign policy diverge consistently from ours.
The two roads diverge at the entrance to the woods.
They walked along the road together until they reached the village, but then their paths diverged.
Although the two organizations have worked together for many years, their objectives have diverged recently.
The tone of the final report isn’t likely to diverge much from the earlier report.
tie something to something (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to say that something causes something else “という風に記載されていますね。
The opposition will tie the loss of jobs and family wealth to the president’s ineffective policies.
Researchers have tied the increase in asthma to certain types of pollution.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” likely to happen or be true “という風に記載されていますね。
That is not only possible, it is probable.
By 1938, war seemed highly probable.
It seems probable that sea levels will continue to rise.
the probable cause of the accident
It’s possible, though not probable.
in context (phrase)
Collins Dictionaryによると ” If something is seen in context or if it is put into context, it is considered together with all the factors that relate to it. “という風に記載されていますね。
Taxation is not popular in principle, merely acceptable in context.
It is important that we put Jesus into the context of history.
Another major stressor is constant surveillance by peers on social media, and the “fear of missing out” it can generate, he added. Again, he said, guidance about how to understand social media — for example, a person taking 50 photos to get one perfect image — can help to dispel anxiety.
Increased rates of mental health issues could also be tied to better screening practices, noted Lynn Bufka, an associate executive director at the American Psychological Association.
etter screening practices で、「より良いスクリーンの質」と訳して良いかもしれません。
But it is still cause for concern, she said. Teenagers are dealing with rapid changes to their bodies, hormones, and lives in an era of nonstop information overload, and they need help developing coping strategies.
coping strategies 対処方法です。
“It becomes really important for the adults around teens to be stable influences in their lives, to give them space for them to talk,” she said.
A study released in 2017 found that the number of children and adolescents admitted to children’s hospitals for thoughts of self-harm or suicide had more than doubled from 2008 to 2015, echoing trends in federal data.
Dr. Bufka said her top advice for adults worried about teenagers in their lives was simple: Listen, without “pouring on advice” or judging too much, and give them the opportunity to talk to a counselor or psychologist if needed.
“Let them know that you’ve got their back,” she said.
[If you are having thoughts of suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255 (TALK) or go to SpeakingOfSuicide.com/resources for a list of additional resources.]
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” something that causes stress (= great worry or emotional difficulty): “という風に記載されていますね。
Constant noise can be a stressor.
To dispel (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to get rid of unpleasant feelings or false beliefs “という風に記載されていますね。
I’d like to start the speech by dispelling a few rumours that have been spreading recently.
He was keen to dispel any illusions we might have had.
To admint (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to take someone into hospital for medical treatment “という風に記載されていますね。
After collapsing, she was rushed to hospital, where she was admitted.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）