Generation of child web addicts: Youngsters are becoming so obsessed with the internet they spend more time on YouTube than with friends as parents struggle to keep control of their online usage
・Shocking scale of children’s internet obsession revealed by new Ofcom study
・Seven out of ten take their phone to bed and even under-5s spend hours online
・A fifth of children 8-12 are on social media – despite supposed ban on under-13s
a fifth of で、５人のうち一人がです。
・A growing number of parents admit to having ‘lost control’ of children’s habits
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the process of using something “という風に記載されていますね。
We charge a monthly usage fee of £6
The study tracks credit card usage over the last ten years.
Cambridge dictionaryによると ” one of five equal parts of something: “ という風に記載されていますね。
One fifth is the same as 20 percent.
Children have become such screen addicts they are abandoning their friends and hobbies, a major report warns today.
Researchers found under-fives spend an hour and 16 minutes a day online. Their screen time rises to four hours and 16 minutes when gaming and television are included.
Youngsters aged 12 to 15 average nearly three hours a day on the web – plus two more hours watching TV. The study said YouTube was ‘a near permanent feature’ of many young lives, and seven in ten of those aged 12 to 15 took smartphones to bed.
It concluded: ‘Children were watching people on YouTube pursuing hobbies that they did not do themselves or had recently given up offline.’
A growing number of parents admitted to researchers that they had lost control of their children’s online habits.
To average (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to usually do, have, involve etc a particular level or amount “というふうに記載されていますね。
It’s a small shop, averaging about 500 customers a week.
The cost of developing a new drug now averages around £500 million.
Campaigners described the report from media watchdog Ofcom as frightening.
‘In the early years, children need interaction with other people, and play – it is key to their social skills,’ said Sue Palmer of the group Toxic Childhood.
‘If that doesn’t happen when they are small, I don’t know where it leads. There is the screen time itself, and then there is what the screen time is displacing.’
The annual report, which was based on 2,000 interviews, also revealed that:
- Children aged five to 15 spend 20 minutes more online a day than watching TV;
- One in five pre-schoolers and two fifths of five- to eight-year-olds have an iPad or tablet device;
- A fifth of children aged eight to 12 are on social media – despite a supposed ban on under-13s;
- Nearly one in five children aged 12 to 16 have accidentally spent money online.
Children aged three and four still watch more television than online videos, but their TV consumption is shrinking whilst their time online is rocketing.
To displace (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to force something or someone out of its usual or original position: “という風に記載されていますね。
The device displaces the air inside the container.
The building of a new dam will displace thousands of people who live in this area.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” the use of something such as fuel or energy, or the amount that people use “ という風に記載されていますね。
Most people need to increase their daily consumption of fruit and vegetables.
As a nation, our consumption of junk food is horrifying.
Many newer cars have a much lower fuel consumption.
Many flock to YouTube and spend hours watching child-friendly videos such as how to make slime or draw animals. Others seek out ‘unboxing’ videos in which YouTube stars unwrap new products.
Some youngsters are becoming so obsessed with YouTube celebrities that they idolise them as role models, the Ofcom report said.
Some upload videos of their own, hoping to make a career for themselves. Disturbingly, many watch the lifestyle ‘vloggers’ pursuing hobbies and interacting with friends instead of doing so themselves.
To flock (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to gather together in a large group, usually because there is something interesting or exciting “というふうに記載されていますね。
Tourists still flock to the Tower of London.
Hundreds of people flocked to the football match.
Crowds of people flocked to see the Picasso exhibition.
Tourists flock to the village.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the activity of taking new products out of their packaging, especially on videos on the internet “という風に記載されていますね。
To idolize (verb)
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” to think that someone is perfect “ という風に記載されていますね。
Her young fans idolize her.
She idolized her father.
She idolized her husband and would never criticize him.
Cambridge dictionaryによると形容詞disturbingの意味は ” making you feel worried or upset: “ という風に記載されていますね。
The article described the latest crime figures as “disturbing”.
She was strangely calm – I found it quite disturbing.
The crimes were disturbingly similar.
Pollution has reached disturbingly high levels in some urban areas.
Ofcom spoke to a number of children who had given up their hobbies – such as drawing and doing scooter stunts – in order to watch films on YouTube.
One child who described herself as ‘very arty’ admitted she rarely tried any crafts, and preferred to watch others being creative online.
Some youngsters said they socialised with friends less, because it was ‘too much effort’ to go out when they could interact with them online instead.
‘YouTube was a near permanent feature of many children’s lives, used throughout the day,’ researchers said.
But many children who go online to watch harmless videos find themselves watching deeply disturbing material. Often they come across unsuitable content by accident, when they are searching for something else.
Sometimes they simply seek out material they are too young to view. They are also led to it by YouTube’s own algorithm which feeds them suggestions based on their tastes, Ofcom found.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” something dangerous, for example jumping from a building, that is done to entertain people, often as part of a film “というふうに記載されていますね。
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” trying to be like artists or dress and live in the style typical of artists, esp. while lacking any real understanding of art or the work of artists: “という風に記載されていますね。
an arty crowd
Cambridge dictionaryによると ” (in newspapers and magazines or on television) a special or important article or program, esp. one that gives details about something that is not part of the main news: “ という風に記載されていますね。
Children prefer YouTube to old-fashioned television or TV on-demand services because they ‘could easily access exactly what they wanted to watch and were being served with an endless stream of recommendations tailored exactly to their taste,’ the report said.
Many of the parents involved in the research were shocked to learn what their children had been watching. Two fifths of those with children aged five to 15 feared that their children were being pressured to spend money on the web.
Half worried about tech firms harvesting too much information about their children, and around a third feared their offspring would see unsuitable content or become radicalised by extremists.
Despite these fears, many parents of teens admitted that they struggle to control the amount of time their children spent online.
Part of the problem was that youngsters prefer to watch content on the web on their own, according to the report.
They view watching live TV as a family activity, but feel far more comfortable on a device which they can control in private.
Children often use multiple screens at once – but the hours they spend on each are counted separately for the Ofcom research.
They are also using multiple social media profiles to project a ‘picture-perfect self’ and to avoid bullying. The number of those aged 12 to 15 being bullied online nearly doubled from 5 per cent in 2017 to 9 per cent last year.
Youngsters now often use several accounts to project different versions of themselves so their ‘real self’ can avoid social stigma, the report said.
More than half of the children surveyed said social media presents an unrealistic image, and researchers said glamorous and flattering filters to make them look ‘prettier’ were being used in many cases. About 20 per cent of girls said they needed to look popular online ‘all the time’ compared with only 11 per cent of boys.
The watchdog found children increasingly faced bullying through services such as WhatsApp.
Last week the father of 14-year-old Molly Russell blamed Instagram for her death, after she viewed posts on the social network that glamourised suicide and self-harm.
The Google-owned YouTube platform has also come under fire for allowing jihadists, far-Right activists and hate preachers.
To prefer (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to like or want someone or something more than someone or something else “というふうに記載されていますね。
I prefer red wine to white.
Even today, most Americans prefer coffee to tea.
To tailor (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make or change something especially for a particular person or purpose “という風に記載されていますね。
All our courses can be tailored to the needs of individuals.
computer software that is specially tailored for schools
We tailor any of our products to your company’s specific needs.
on demand (phrase/adjective)
Cambridge dictionaryによると ” at any time that someone wants or needs something: “ と、” a service for watching films or TV programmes at any time: “ という風に記載されていますね。
They believe that abortion should be available on demand.
We can’t simply make cosmetic surgery available on demand.
Cable customers pay an extra $6.95 a month for on-demand.
To harvest (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to collect or obtain something “というふうに記載されていますね。
To radicalize (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make a person, group, or system more radical “という風に記載されていますね。
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” perfect in appearance “ という風に記載されていますね。
To flatter (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to praise someone in order to get something that you want, especially in a way that is not sincere “というふうに記載されていますね。
You’re trying to flatter me, and it won’t work.
I knew he was only flattering me because he wanted to borrow some money.
To utilize (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make something more exciting and attractive: “という風に記載されていますね。
a culture that glamorizes drugs, sex, and violence
The ad glamorized life in the army, emphasizing travel and adventure.
The ad glamorized life on the island, emphasizing the beaches and warm weather.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）