(CNN) When “Sesame Street” debuted in the late 1960s, Americans understood poverty to be one of the biggest challenges facing families, and public energy to fight poverty abounded in President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society initiatives and Martin Luther King Jr.’s Poor People’s Campaign activism. The founders of the nonprofit production company Children’s Television Workshop tapped into this energy and created “Sesame Street” with the intention that it could serve as a tool to fight poverty.
To understand (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to believe that something is true because you have heard or read it somewhere “ という風に記載されていますね。フォーマルな表現です。
Mr Lang is understood to favour more traditional teaching methods.
To abound (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to be present in large numbers or amounts “ という風に記載されていますね。
Rumours abound about the breakup of her marriage.
Theories abound about how the universe began.
The streams and rivers abound in fish.
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abound in /with (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to be filled with or contain a lot of something “ という風に記載されていますね。
The markets abound with imported goods.
The coast here abounds with rare plants.
tap into (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if you tap something such as someone’s ability or a supply of information, you use it or get some benefit from it “ という風に記載されています。
If only we could tap into all that energy and creativity.
Are you tapping into your staff’s full potential?
Several other companies were already tapping into this market.
Now “Sesame Street” is bringing forward a new storyline that fits squarely into that tradition. In America, an increasing number of young children are facing homelessness — and now, they will see that part of themselves on “Sesame Street.” Lily, a 7-year-old Muppet, joined the show in 2011; she and her family were originally described as food-insecure. Lily has joined Elmo, Rosita, and the gang in a series of resource videos and activities created to help preschoolers and their caregivers cope with the upheaval of homelessness.
bring forward (phrasal verb)
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” to make something known: “ という風に記載されていますね。
Several accusations have been brought forward.
The various departments have not yet brought forward their spending plans.
fit into (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to be suitable or similar enough to belong to a group “というふうに記載されていますね。
His writing did not fit into any traditional literary category.
Their policies do not fit with the ideal of democratic government.
You can’t fit all types of human behaviour into a clear pattern.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” directly and with no doubt: “というふうに記載されていますね。
We have to face these issues squarely and honestly.
She refused to come down squarely on either side of the argument.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” a group of friends, especially young people “というふうに記載されていますね。インフォーマルな表現です。
Do you fancy coming out with the gang tonight?
I’ve made friends at my new school, but I miss the old gang
I went out with the usual gang from college on Friday night.
Cambridge dictionaryによると ” someone who takes care of a person who is young, old, or sick “というふうに記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a sudden or violent change, especially one that affects people’s lives ” というふうに記載されていますね。
Maya’s been going through a period of emotional upheaval.
There have been massive upheavals in the telecommunications industry.
The long garbage strike in 1970 caused much political upheaval.
Viewers young and old have come to know “Sesame Street” as the kind of place that comes with you wherever you go, broadcast right into your living room, carried with you as a Big Bird doll or a copy of “The Monster at the End of This Book” or streamed onto your phone. “Sesame Street” is part of many of our homes, and characters like Big Bird, Grover and Cookie Monster are, for a number of us, among our oldest friends.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a single book, newspaper, record, or other printed or recorded text of which many have been produced: “ という風に記載されていますね。
The library has copies of all the national and local newspapers.
We enclose a copy of our latest brochure, with our compliments.
Could you print out a copy of that letter for me
I’d really like a copy of the photograph – could you send me one?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” never having happened or existed before “ という風に記載されていますね。
Such an event was unprecedented in the 20th century.
Unemployment has reached an unprecedented level.
This situation is unprecedented in 21st-century life.
Crime has risen on an unprecedented scale.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” lasting for a long time “ という風に記載されていますね。
his enduring popularity
He believed in the enduring power of love.
To endure (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to suffer something difficult, unpleasant, or painful: “というふうに記載されていますね。
We had to endure a nine-hour delay at the airport.
She’s already had to endure three painful operations on her leg.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” a custom or tradition that has existed for a long time and is accepted as an important part of a particular society: “ という風に記載されていますね。
We need to respect their beliefs, traditions, and social institutions.
the institution of marriage
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” in all parts of a country “というふうに記載されていますね。
a nationwide protest/strike
The company employs 20,000 people nationwide.
a nationwide network/chain of stores
He owns a nationwide chain of restaurants.
Police have launched a nationwide hunt for the killer.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a negative effect on how something works: “というふうに記載されていますね。
Snow has caused serious dislocation of/to train services.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a situation in which something continues without stopping “ という風に記載されていますね。
Let’s drink to the continuation of our business partnership.
The continuation of the strike caused a lot of hardship.
It’s just a continuation of the bigger river, but with a different name.
It’s really just a continuation of the same street but called by a different name.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” a difficult period in your life in which you have many problems “ という風に記載されていますね。
We struggled on in the face of adversity.
She was always cheerful in adversity.
The road to happiness is paved with adversities.
To equip (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to provide a person, object, or place with the things that they need for a particular purpose “というふうに記載されていますね。
They received a grant to build and equip a new dental clinic.
It’s going to cost $4 million to equip the hospital.
a fully equipped gym
All of our classrooms are equipped with computers.
Their idea was that by offering universal preschool education through a medium that nearly all impoverished families could already access, and by creating a city setting and a pop culture-infused ambiance that specifically welcomed urban minority children and encouraged them to enjoy learning, they could help prime those children for success in school. Education, and the doors it opened, would eventually be those children’s ticket out of poverty. Research shows that “Sesame Street” has helped prepare children, especially boys and those living in disadvantaged areas, for school.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a way of communicating information and ideas, especially to a lot of people, for example newspapers or television “というふうに記載されていますね。
Radio was the medium for family entertainment before television.
The T-shirt has become a medium of advertising.
the broadcasting/print medium
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an impoverished person or place is very poor “というふうに記載されていますね。
an impoverished family
a remote and impoverished island
an impoverished young actor
To infuse (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to fill someone or something with an emotion or quality: “ という風に記載されていますね。
Her paintings are infused with a natural strength.
The pulling down of the Berlin Wall infused the world with optimism.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” the character of a place or the feeling you have about it “ という風に記載されていますね。
The pub had a comfortable ambience.
Despite being a busy city, Dublin has the ambience of a country town.
The city’s ambience, particularly on the waterfront, is changing quickly.
To prime (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to prepare someone to behave or react in a particular way “というふうに記載されていますね。
Their teachers are getting those kids primed for the tests.
I was well primed for the meeting and gave a very successful presentation.
She had been well primed about what to say to the press.
They have 50,000 men primed for battle.
Throughout its run, “Sesame Street” has woven relatable messages about social challenges kids face into regular episodes alongside lessons on literacy, math and cooperation. People who grew up in the 1970s may remember musician Buffy Sainte-Marie helping Big Bird understand that adults’ attention to a new baby did not diminish their love for an older child. Those who watched in the 1980s learned about death when Big Bird came to terms with the passing of beloved storekeeper Mr. Hooper. Children of the 1990s saw teenagers Gina and Savion stand up for interracial friendships, and those who watched more recently saw Big Bird overcome the terrible feeling of being bullied.
To weave (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make cloth by crossing long threads over and under each other on a machine called a loom “と、 ” to create a story or plan with many complicated details “というふうに記載されていますね。
Grisham’s new novel weaves a tale of mystery and suspense.
The biography is woven from the many accounts which exist of things she did.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if something or something is relatable, you can understand them and feel connected to them “というふうに記載されていますね。
It’s a universally relatable song for any teenager approaching adulthood.
One of the reasons for her success is that the characters in her books are so relatable.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” involving or consisting of people who belong to different races “ という風に記載されていますね。
an interracial marriage/relationship
an interracial community
To tackle particularly delicate or frightening subjects, “Sesame Street” often created special initiatives and resources beyond its broadcast content. Before the age of the internet, these efforts included a bilingual radio campaign to promote vaccination, the distribution of 45 rpm records and Bert and Ernie hand puppets to aid local demonstrations of fire safety and disaster preparedness, a Sesame-style remodel of prison visiting rooms in Texas along with training nonviolent inmates in child development to make visiting an incarcerated parent less scary, and an extensive program to recruit a grassroots network of volunteer caregivers in cities from Boston to Los Angeles to use “Sesame Street” to infuse education into daycare.
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” an important action that is intended to solve a problem “ という風に記載されていますね。
a number of initiatives designed to address the problem of child poverty
an education/environmental/economic initiative
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to provide a person, object, or place with the things that they need for a particular purpose “というふうに記載されていますね。
Few people live beyond the age of a hundred.
Tonight’s performance has been cancelled due to circumstances beyond our control (= events that we are unable to deal with).
We cannot allow the work to continue beyond the end of the year.
I’ve got nothing to tell you beyond (= in addition to) what I told you earlier.
Our knowledge does not extend much beyond these few facts.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the state of being ready for something “というふうに記載されていますね。
The army is in a state of preparedness for war.
To remodel (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to change the structure or appearance of something “というふうに記載されていますね。
We‘ve completely remodelled the kitchen.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” someone who is kept in a prison, mental hospital, or other institution “ という風に記載されていますね。
Women make up about 6 percent of all inmates in the U.S.
Two inmates managed to escape during the riot.
The inmates were living in terrible conditions.
To incarcerate (verb)
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” to put someone in prison “ という風に記載されていますね。フォーマルな表現です。
We were incarcerated in that broken elevator for four hours.
The governor announced his plan to incarcerate repeat offenders.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” relating to or involving ordinary people, especially in politics “というふうに記載されていますね。
These individuals are using grassroots activism and community action to protect America’s environment.
The campaign grew from a one-man crusade into a nationwide grassroots movement.
a grassroots movement/campaign
A whole branch of the Workshop, initially called “Utilization,” then “Community Education Services,” and more recently reborn as the “Social Impact & Philanthropy” division, focuses on helping parents and educators use the television show and these other materials to support their own efforts to help children grow. The initiative on coping with homelessness joins Sesame Workshop’s more recent endeavors to provide free streaming video and downloadable print resources, available online, for families dealing with military deployment, an incarcerated parent and food insecurity, among other challenges. The initiative on homelessness supports families’ attempts to foster the stability and continuity children need to succeed intellectually. It also dovetails with Sesame Workshop’s major new project to create educational resources for uprooted children worldwide: its collaboration with the International Rescue Committee to use media to reach Syrian and Rohingya refugees in what will be the largest early childhood education intervention in the history of humanitarian aid.
humanitarian aid は、緊急援助, 人道的援助, 人道支援 です。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the act of using something in an effective way: “というふうに記載されていますね。
This room is mainly utilized for training purposes.
The library’s great collection allowed me to utilize many rare sources.
To foster (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to help something to develop over a period of time “と、” to look after a child as part of your family for a period of time because the child’s parents cannot look after theme “というふうに記載されていますね。
I’m trying to foster an interest in classical music in my children.
This approach will foster an understanding of environmental issues.
Would you consider fostering (a child)?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an effort to do something, especially something new or difficult “というふうに記載されていますね。
Writing is a very different endeavor than teaching.
The business was built up largely through the endeavours of his mother.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” in a way that relates to your ability to think and understand things, especially complicated ideas : “ という風に記載されていますね。
She’s hoping to find a job which is more demanding intellectually.
It’s fun and it’s intellectually stimulating (= encourages you to think at a high level).
intellectually demanding work
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Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” well educated and interested in art, science, literature etc at an advanced level “ という風に記載されていますね。
Looking after a baby at home all day is nice but it doesn’t provide much intellectual stimulation.
Though not intellectual, my mother was highly intelligent.
To dovetail (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to cause something to fit exactly together: “というふうに記載されていますね。
Their results dovetail nicely with ours.
We tried to dovetail our plans with theirs.
To uproot (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to remove a person from their home or usual environment: “というふうに記載されていますね。
50,000 refugees had been uprooted and were seeking shelter elsewhere.
Don was unwilling to uproot from his home in California.
The war has uprooted nearly two thirds of the country’s population.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” action taken to intentionally become involved in a difficult situation in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse: “ という風に記載されていますね。
The intervention by UN troops prevented fighting from breaking out.
Women’s groups are concerned about the high levels of medical intervention during childbirth.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the movement of soldiers or equipment to a place where they can be used when they are needed: “ という風に記載されていますね。
For 50 years, “Sesame Street” has used media to create a community defined not by a physical location but by beloved characters on screen and the public service efforts of its staff in supporting educators and families face a variety of challenges. The program has undoubtedly aided many children over the years, but despite the nation’s mid=century optimism that we were close to eradicating such hardship among our citizens, poverty remains a widespread problem in 2018.
To eradicate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to get rid of something completely, especially something bad “というふうに記載されていますね。
A new vaccine eradicated polio.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）