Reggae music to be protected by the UN
Reggae has been added to a list of international cultural treasures which the United Nations has deemed worthy of protecting and promoting.
The music, which grew out of Jamaica in the 1960s thanks to artists like Toots and the Maytals, Peter Tosh and Bob Marley, was added to the collection due to its “intangible cultural heritage”.
Reggae is “cerebral, socio-political, sensual and spiritual,” said Unesco.
cerebralは知的、socio-political 意味、sensual 良識です。
It has “penetrated all corners of the world,” added a Jamaican spokesperson.
Reggae followed on from the ska and rocksteady genres – other early pioneers included Lee Scratch Perry and Prince Buster.
grow out of (phrasal verb)
Macmillan dictionaryによると ” to develop from something, or to exist as a result of it “ という風に記載されていますね。
Other issues grew out of the policy review.
The poems grew out of her disturbed imagination.
Our company actually grew out of a failed attempt at creating a social media application.
To penetrate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to get inside an area by getting past something that is intended to stop you “というふうに記載されていますね。
They had penetrated deep into enemy territory.
One of them managed to penetrate airport security.
Amazingly, the bullet did not penetrate his brain.
follow on from (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to happen after something, and often as the next part or stage of it “というふうに記載されていますね。フォーマルな表現です。
Following on from last year’s success, we’ll be offering other similar courses.
What I’m going to say follows on from what Elizabeth was saying.
Following on from what I said earlier…
Millie Small’s 1964 ska cover of My Boy Lollipop also helped introduce reggae’s laidback groove to the world.
Reggae became popular in the United States but particularly flourished in the UK, which had become home to many Jamaican immigrants since the end of World War Two.
The British reggae label Trojan, which celebrates its 50th birthday this year, introduced the world to artists like Desmond Dekker, Jimmy Cliff, and Bob and Marcia.
“I am delighted, it’s wonderful news,” BBC 1Xtra veteran presenter Dave Rodigan told World Service radio. “I’ve loved this music since I first heard it as a teenager.”
To flourish (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to grow well and be healthy “と、 ” to be very successful “というふうに記載されていますね。
Most plants flourish in this rich soil.
Wildlife seems to flourish in the area.
His new business is flourishing.
The congregation continued to grow and flourish.
My tomatoes are flourishing this summer – it must be the warm weather.
Watercolour painting began to flourish in Britain around 1750.
Parts of the city continue to flourish.
This is the perfect environment for our company to flourish and expand in.
Thanks to a lot of effort and the support of local people, the business flourished.
Speaking to 5 live he added: “I’ve always said it speaks out for the underprivileged, it speaks out against social injustice. Reggae music is the original rebels’ music immortalized by Bob Marley at the Wailers.”
speak out (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to give your opinion about something in public, especially on a subject that you have strong feelings about: “というふうに記載されていますね。
He had always spoken out in favour of gay rights.
If no one has the courage to speak out against the system, things will never improve.
They spoke out against the proposed legislation.
Someone needs to speak up for women’s rights.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” without the money, possessions, education, opportunities, etc. that the average person has: “というふうに記載されていますね。
Children from an underprivileged family background are statistically more likely to become involved in crime.
The charity raises money for holidays for the underprivileged.
a summer camp for underprivileged children
To immortalize (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to make someone or something so famous that that person or thing is remembered for a very long time: “というふうに記載されていますね。
Rouen cathedral was immortalized by Monet in his paintings.
He was immortalized in song.
Jamaica had applied for reggae’s inclusion on the list this year at a meeting of the UN agency on the island of Mauritius.
The protected list began in 2008 and grew out of the UN’s convention for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage in 2003.
Its aims are to ensure respect for communities, groups and individuals involved in the listed activity, to raise awareness and encourage appreciation of those activities nationally and internationally.
“Reggae is uniquely Jamaican,” said Olivia Grange, Jamaica’s culture minister. “It is a music that we have created that has penetrated all corners of the world.”
Announcing the decision, Unesco (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) said the music’s “contribution to international discourse on issues of injustice, resistance, love, and humanity underscores the dynamics of the element as being at once cerebral, socio-political, sensual and spiritual”.
It added: “The basic social functions of the music – as a vehicle for social commentary, a cathartic practice, and a means of praising God – have not changed, and the music continues to act as a voice for all.”
Other cultural traditions which made the list included a Spanish riding school in Vienna, a Mongolian camel-coaxing ritual and Egyptian puppetry.
To safeguard (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to protect something or someone from being harmed or having problems “というふうに記載されていますね。
We hope that world leaders can agree on a plan to safeguard the environment.
The company was blamed for failing to safeguard workers against dangerous chemicals.
The safeguarding and welfare of children is our main priority.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” in a way that is different from any similar thing or person “と、 ” especially “というふうに記載されていますね。
Mr Miller is uniquely qualified to deal with student problems.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a long and serious speech or piece of writing on a particular subject “というふうに記載されていますね。
a powerful discourse on art
The play is a wonderful discourse on love.
To underscore (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to emphasize something, or to show that it is important “というふうに記載されていますね。
The study underscores the importance of early diagnosis.
The need for fire detectors in cargo bays was underscored by some accidents in the 1980s.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the set of forces that exist in a situation, especially a relationship, and that affect how it changes or develops “というふうに記載されていますね。
There’s a very supportive dynamic between the members of the group.
the complex dynamics of the workplace
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）