What makes a man cheat? A college education – but school makes women MORE faithful to their partners, study on 200,000 couples reveals
・Researchers from Stockholm University tracked Danish couples who married between 1981 and 2002
・College-educated men were the most likely to carry on an affair but the reverse was not true for college-educated women
・They found that bartenders and restaurant workers were the most likely to cheat with colleagues
・Farmers, librarians and chemists were the professions least likely to stray
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” continuing to support someone or be their friend, even in a difficult situation “というふうに記載されていますね。
He had always been a faithful friend.
Was your wife faithful during your marriage?
He was faithful to his wife throughout their 30-year marriage.
To track (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to record the progress or development of something over a period: “というふうに記載されていますね。
The study tracked the careers of 1,226 doctors who trained at the Medical School.
She has tracked her family back three centuries.
We spent the day tracking deer in the forest.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” probably going to happen, or probably true “というふうに記載されていますね。
The study shows some people are more likely to suffer back problems.
Do remind me because I’m likely to forget.
If I don’t write it down, I’m likely to forget.
To stray (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to move away from the correct place or path “というふうに記載されていますね。
Walkers are reminded not to stray from the path.
The children were told to stay together and not to stray.
The plane disappeared after straying several hundred miles off course.
They got lost when they strayed too far from the path.
Men are more likely to cheat if they are college educated or work in a bar, a new study has found.
Bartending also makes women more likely to cheat – but if they went to college, they‘re less likely to.
That is according to a new study by researchers in Sweden, who surveyed hundreds of thousands of couples for more than 20 years.
Headhunting was the other profession most commonly associated with affairs.
Researchers believe the restaurant business – and headhunting – inspires more affairs because employees spend more time with their colleagues of the opposite sex.
When it came to education, though, they were stumped: they couldn’t find any reason why it affected men and women differently.
For those seeking a safe bet, try farmers, librarians and chemists, who were deemed the least likely to stray – although former Bachelor star Chris Soules, known as ‘Prince Farming’ on his season, was hounded by cheating rumors after his season finale.
least は、little の最上級です。
be associated with (adjective)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to be connected with something in some way “というふうに記載されていますね。
His social problems were associated with heavy drinking.
She was prepared to take on the job, with all its associated risks.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a sexual relationship, especially a secret one: “というふうに記載されていますね。日本語にすると訴訟です。
She’s having an affair with a married man.
Her husband denied that he was having an affair.
To stump (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if you are stumped by something, you cannot explain or answer it “というふうに記載されていますね。
Even experts are stumped by this strange weather.
I’m completely stumped – how did she manage to escape?
Scientists are stumped by this mystery virus.
He seemed stumped by our questions.
a good/safe bet (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” something that is likely to happen, or someone or something that is likely to be successful “というふうに記載されていますね。
Madrid is a good bet for hot weather at this time of year.
It’s a safe bet that the others won’t make the same mistake.
To deem (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to consider that someone or something has a particular quality “というふうに記載されていますね。
These buildings are deemed to be of architectural importance and must be protected.
The area has now been deemed safe.
She is currently deemed to be the best British athlete.
To hound (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to force someone to leave a place or job by always being unpleasant to them “というふうに記載されていますね。
He claims the media hounded him out of office.
The reporters wouldn’t stop hounding her.
Socialists were hounded by the FBI in the 1950s.
He claims he was hounded out of his job by a group of students who disapproved of his views.
The team, from Stockholm University in Sweden, says this analysis is the first of its kind in proving that both sexes are more likely to cheat if they work in offices with more of the opposite sex – but is ‘especially true’ for men.
The study followed millions of Danish couples between ages 20 and 44 who had married between 1981 and 2002.
All had married a partner of the opposite sex and were actively working for at least one year.
During the 21-year period, the researchers identified that more than 215,000 couples had gotten divorced.
Results showed that men were almost twice as prone to a broken marriage as women due to a gender imbalance in their jobs.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” likely to do something or be affected by something, especially something bad “というふうに記載されていますね。
The coastal region is prone to earthquakes.
He’s prone to gain weight.
I‘ve always been prone to headaches.
He was prone to depression even as a teenager.
As a child, he was prone to ear infections.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a situation in which the balance between two things is not equal or fair “というふうに記載されていますね。
the imbalance between the sexes
There is huge economic imbalance between the two countries.
a trade imbalance
A 2013 study from Occidental College in California found that more opposite-sex partners in the work sector were associated with higher risk of infidelity among men, but not among women.
Dr Caroline Uggla, lead author and a postdoctoral researcher in the demography unit at Stockholm University, told Daily Mail Online that there could be several factors at play.
‘It could be cultural factors, that getting a divorce or swapping partners is more acceptable for men, or it could be that men are more likely to act on the opportunity of being surrounded by many women, than vice versa,’ she said.
In fact, college-educated men were the most likely to cheat with a colleague and leave their wives.
The reverse, however, was not true for women with university degrees.
‘That surprised me because you might think that education would affect men and women in the same way,‘ Dr Uggla said.
According to a 2012 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, women with a bachelor’s degree had a 78 percent chance of their marriage lasting at least 20 years.
bachelor’s degree は、学士号です。
This was in comparison with a 41 percent chance for women with only a high school diploma.
Researchers also found that age played a role when it came to divorce risk.
Both men and women were most likely to carry on affairs with co-workers between the ages of 23 and 29.
Additionally, divorce risk was around 40 percent lower for those who married after age 40 in comparison with those who married between ages 16 and 22.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a situation in which someone has sex with someone who is not their husband, wife, or partner “というふうに記載されていますね。
She could not forgive his many infidelities.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” a document given by a college or university to show that you have passed a particular exam or finished your studies: “というふうに記載されていますね。
It’s hard to find a good job if you don’t have a high school diploma.
He has a diploma in marketing.
Dr Uggla blamed it on the fact the men were being presented with ‘more potential mates’.
‘When partners are abundant, opportunities for mate switching may increase and relationship stability decrease,’ she said.
‘This holds for both men and women, but associations are somewhat stronger for men and vary by education.’
Of 353 occupations that the team tracked, 267 are made up of mostly one gender.
For instance, men make up 92 percent of the construction industry.
Similarly, just 15.5 percent of those employed in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields are female.
But jobs where men are generally outnumbered by women include: journalism, teaching, lab technicians, therapists, editors, librarians, public relations officers and insurance underwriters.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” existing or available in large quantities “というふうに記載されていますね。
The country has an abundant supply of fossil fuels.
an abundant supply of food
It is a region with abundant natural resources.
Rainfall is abundant in the region.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a connection with a person, group, or organization “というふうに記載されていますね。
This event was organized in association with a local school.
The police knew all about his associations with organized crime.
To outnumber (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” if one group outnumbers another, there are more in the first group than in the second “というふうに記載されていますね。
Girls outnumbered boys by a margin of 2 to 1.
In our office the women outnumber the men three to one.
Despite being outnumbered, they managed to fight back bravely.
an area where sheep outnumber humans by twenty to one
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）