Amazing moment boat carrying dozens of African migrants arrives on Spanish beach in front of shocked tourists and scatter before police arrive
To carry (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to hold something or someone with your hands, arms, or on your back and transport it, him, or her from one place to another ” という意味と ” to move someone or something from one place to another “ 記載されていますね。
The bus that was involved in the accident was carrying children to school.
The plane carried 116 passengers and a crew of seven.
I carry my wallet in my back pocket.
I don’t carry a lot of cash.
To scatter (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if a group of people or animals scatter, they suddenly move away in different direction ” と記載されていますね。
The rabbits scattered when they heard our footsteps.
The protesters scattered at the sound of gunshots.
The soldiers came in and scattered the crowd.
他にも” To throw or drop things so that they spread over an area “という意味があります。
I scattered some grain on the floor of the hen house.
The children had scattered toys all over the floor.
Scatter the powder around the plants.
I scattered grass seed all over the lawn.
・Clip shows a inflatable boat coming ashore in Cadiz, on southern Spanish coast
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” towards or onto land from an area of water ” と記載されていますね。
We swam ashore.
Julie jumped off the boat and swam ashore.
・Group managed to escape from the beach before police arrived at the scene
・It is believed migrants crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from Northern Africa
・Were you on the beach? Email firstname.lastname@example.org
To cross (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to go across from one side of something to the other ” と記載されていますね。
Wait until there is no traffic and it’s safe to cross.
It’s not a good place to cross the road.
Look both ways before you cross over (= cross the road).
Cross the bridge and turn right.
They crossed from Albania into Greece.
You have to hold my hand when we cross the road.
The train crosses the border between France and Spain.
A boat carrying dozens of African migrants landed on a Spanish beach in front of shocked holidaymakers.
To land (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to arrive at a place by plane or boat “と記載されていますね。
We should land in Madrid at 7 a.m.
We’d been sailing for three weeks by the time we landed at Miami.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a person who is visiting a place for their holiday ” と記載されていますね。
Footage shows the migrants leaping out of a black inflatable dinghy and dashing across the sand on beaches at Cadiz in southern Spain, after crossing the Strait of Gibraltar.
The group managed to leave from the beach before the authorities arrived some time after.
To leap (verb)
CambridgeDictionaryによると” to make a large jump or sudden movement, usually from one place to another “ というふうに記載されていますね。
He leaped out of his car and ran towards the house.
I leaped up to answer the phone.
The dog leaped over the gate into the field.
He leapt out of bed.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a small boat used for pleasure or for sailing to land from a larger boat “ というふうに記載されていますね。
an inflatable/motorized dinghy
He was transferred to the ship by dinghy.
The incident took place on Wednesday afternoon, with footage showing the boat coming up behind a man and a child taking a dip in the sea.
take place (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to happen ” と記載されていますね。
The Olympics take place every four years.
I don’t know exactly what took place in the classroom.
The concert takes place next Thursday.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a quick swim ” と記載されていますね。
Let’s take a dip in the pool.
He took a dip in the pool.
As the boat pulls into shallow water, those on board leap out and run up the beach.
pull into (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if a vehicle or driver pulls into a place, they stop there ” と記載されていますね。
The train pulled into Central Station.
He pulled the car into the car park.
I pulled into the empty parking space.
One onlooker asks in an astonished voice, ‘What’s going on?’
Carlos Sanz, who shot the video while on vacation in Cadiz, said the group quickly vanished and police only arrived some time later.
Spanish officials couldn’t immediately be reached after office hours.
onlooker (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone who watches something happen but does not take part in it ” と記載されていますね。
A crowd of curious onlookers soon gathered to see what was happening.
The building was demolished before a crowd of nearly 200 onlookers.
The incident comes as the International Organization for Migration warned on Thursday that Spain could overtake Greece this year in the number of migrants arriving by sea, using boats and even jet-skis.
According to the IOM’s latest figures, until August 6, close to 8,200 migrants had arrived in Spain so far this year.
That is more than triple the number who reached Spain at the same time last year, according to Joel Millman, a senior IOM spokesman, and already more than the total arrivals in 2016.
To overtake (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to go past something by being a greater amount or degree ” と記載されていますね。
Our US sales have now overtaken our sales in Europe.
Plastic soon overtook cash as Britain’s most popular method of payment.
While the figure pales in comparison with arrivals in Italy – where more than 96,400 have landed so far this year – Spain is catching up with Greece where 11,713 have arrived by sea in the same timeframe.
Pale in comparison
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to seem much less serious or important when compared with someone or something else ” と記載されていますね。
I thought I was badly treated but my experiences pale in comparison with yours.
The devastating floods of two years ago pale in comparison with last week’s storms.
catch up (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to improve in order to reach the same standard or rate as someone or something ” と記載されていますね。
He’s missed so much school that he’s going to find it hard to catch up.
Will Western industry ever catch up with Japanese innovations?
She is really fast, and I couldn’t catch up with her.
time frame (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a period of days, weeks, months, etc. within which an activity is intended to happen ” と記載されていますね。
Have you set a time frame for completing the job?
‘It’s possible that Spain will outperform Greece this year,’ Millman told AFP.
‘If so, that’s a big change.’
He said many people taking the long route towards Italy via the Sahara and Libya were from west Africa.
But with the dangers faced, some may be deciding to go up along the coast instead.
To outperform (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to do well in a particular job or activity compared to others of a similar type ” と記載されていますね。
The company has consistently outperformed its rivals this season.
Technology stocks are outperforming the rest of the market.
‘We assume that some of the change is due to the fact that the route is considered a safe route up to the coast through Morocco,’ Millman said.
He added that the boats crossing the short but choppy sea to Spain were much smaller than those launching from Libya to Italy.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると“choppy water has a lot of waves in it because the wind is blowing across it ” と記載されていますね。
In Libya there ‘appears to be a very deliberate strategy to put people out there, in overloaded boats that begin to take on water almost immediately and then it’s a race to see how quickly the people on the boat can summon aid,‘ he said.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“(often of something bad) intentional or planned ” と記載されていますね。
a deliberate attack/insult/lie
We made a deliberate decision to live apart for a while.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“ having or supplied with too much of something ” と記載されていますね。
The market is already overloaded with car magazines – why would anyone want to produce another one?
Don’t overload the washing machine, or it won’t get the clothes clean.
Try not to overload yourself with work.
I can’t go out tonight – I’m overloaded with work (= I have a lot of work to do).
take on water
Wiktionaryによると” To slowly fill with water, as due to a leak or being washed by high waves; to begin to sink. ” と記載されていますね。
To summon (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” To manage to produce a quality or a reaction that helps you to deal with a difficult situation ” と記載されていますね。
He couldn’t summon the strength to carry on fighting.
She could barely summon a smile.
It took me six months to summon (up) the courage to ask him out for a drink.
He summoned up enough energy to prepare a revision of his novel.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” help with doing something ” と記載されていますね。
‘Whereas in Spain, the strategy is smaller craft hoping to come in undetected, and undoubtedly some do.’
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for comparing two things, people, situations etc and showing that there is an important difference between them ” と記載されていますね。
He must be about 60, whereas his wife looks about 30.
You eat a huge plate of food for lunch, whereas I have just a sandwich.
Doctors’ salaries have risen substantially, whereas nurses’ pay has actually fallen.
Whereas knowledge can be acquired from books, skills must be learned through practice.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” not noticed or seen ” と記載されていますね。
His wrongdoing went undetected for many years.
Some sounds cannot be detected by the human ear.
The alarm should go off automatically as soon as smoke is detected.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” very likely; almost certainly ” と記載されていますね。
It is undoubtedly one of the best movies of the year.
‘I did the right thing, didn’t I?’ ‘Oh, undoubtedly.’
Disembarkations by migrants on Spanish beaches are not common but have happened before, especially at Spain’s north African enclave cities Melilla and Ceuta, which border Morocco.
disembark（動詞）の名詞です。 disembarkの意味はMacmillan Dictionaryによると” to get off a ship or plane ” と記載されていますね。
They disembarked in Seattle.
When it got too dark to travel safely we disembarked.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a part of a country that is surrounded by another country, or a group of people who are different from the people living in the surrounding area ” と記載されていますね。
a Spanish/Muslim/Chinese enclave
Yorkville was an enclave of German immigrants.
Ceuta and Melilla have the EU’s only land borders with Africa, and as a result, they are entry points for people desperate to get to Europe.
Migrants regularly try to climb the high double border fences, swim along the coast or hide in vehicles crossing the frontier.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” needing or wanting something very much ” と記載されていますね。
They are desperate for help.
She was desperate to see him again.
They were sold by families desperate for money to buy food.
The fashion industry is always desperate to innovate.
I’m desperate for a drink!
He was desperate to tell someone his good news.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a border between two countries ” と記載されていますね。
They lived in a town close to the frontier.
Nepal has frontiers with both India and China.
In recent days, migrants have repeatedly stormed the border with Ceuta by either attempting to cut through the wire fencing or running through the border post.
Once on Spanish soil in Ceuta, they are taken to migrant reception centres where they can apply for asylum.
To attempt (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to try to do something, especially something difficult ” と記載されていますね。
He attempted to escape through a window.
Few people knew that she had once attempted suicide.
Make sure the rope is firmly attached before attempting to climb down it.
He attempted a joke, but no one laughed.
On ◯◯◯◯ soil
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a country ” と記載されていますね。
He disappeared as soon as he landed on US soil.
It was the first time we had set foot on foreign soil .
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the right to stay in a country, given by a government to protect someone who has escaped from war or political trouble in their own country ” と記載されていますね。
The refugees have asked for political asylum.
More than half a million people sought asylum in Europe last year.
Of the 1,000 refugees that initially came here, only 50 were granted asylum.
But many are desperate to get to mainland Spain, believing that the process in Ceuta is slow or fearing that they will be returned to neighbouring Morocco, and try to hide in lorries boarding ferries.
On Tuesday, Spanish police found 30 Moroccan and Algerian migrants, ten of them minors, hidden in fairground vehicles in the enclave city.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“Neighbouring places are next to or near each other: ” と記載されていますね。
She married a man from the neighbouring village.
If neighbouring countries are having a war, you can’t just dive in.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると“someone who has not reached the age at which they are legally an adult ” と記載されていますね。
It is illegal to sell cigarettes to minors.
He was accused of having sex with a minor.
The group had hidden in bumper cars and the ghost train loaded on lorries which were due to leave Ceuta for mainland Spain a after an annual festival.
To load (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると“to put a load onto or into something such as a vehicle or container ” と記載されていますね。
How long will it take to load this sand onto the lorry?
Let’s load up the car and then we can go.
They loaded the lorry with potatoes.
They loaded the boxes onto the ship.
Agents used heartbeat detectors and dogs to locate the migrants while the vehicles waited to board ferries to the mainland, the Guardia Civil police force said.
‘They try to use attractions that are only half covered up to jump in and hide inside,’ a spokesman said.
To locate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to find out the exact place where someone or something is ” と記載されていますね。
Police are still trying to locate the suspect.
They were unable to locate the murder weapon.
Engineers are still trying to locate the fault.
To cover (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to put one thing over another, in order to protect or hide it ” と記載されていますね。
She covered him (up) with a blanket.
Spanish police push back 700 migrants as they attempt to storm a 20-foot border fence in Ceuta
Hundreds of migrants have attempted to storm the border between Spain’s North African Ceuta territory and Morocco.
The Interior Ministry’s office in the small enclave said the migrants tried to scale the 20-foot high barbed-wire fences around Ceuta after a crossing attempt at the Tarajal post failed.
To scale (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to climb to or over the top of a high steep object such as a mountain or a wall ” と記載されていますね。
Student protesters scaled an 8-foot fence to enter the Embassy grounds.
The prisoner scaled the high prison wall and ran off.
barbed wire (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” thick wire with a lot of sharp points sticking out of it, used for making fences ” と記載されていますね。
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the act of trying to do something, especially something difficult ” と記載されていますね。
He made no attempt to be sociable.
This is my second attempt at the exam.
None of our attempts at contacting Dr James was successful.
It’s his fourth attempt at flying a balloon around the world solo.
All of the migrants – about 700 – were repelled by the Moroccan and Spanish authorities.
Spain and Morocco agreed yesterday to close the Tarajal post to freight traffic for a week because of recent migrant crossing attempts.
To repel (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to keep something away, or to prevent it from entering something ” と記載されていますね。
The wheat is genetically engineered to repel insects.
This coat repels moisture.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” goods, but not passengers, that are carried from one place to another, by ship, aircraft, train, or truck, or the system of transporting these goods ” と記載されていますね。
The ship carries both freight and passengers.
The medical supplies were shipped by air freight to Jordan.
Pedestrian and passenger vehicles were still allowed.
Every year, thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants living illegally in Morocco try to scale the border fences surrounding Ceuta and Melilla, Spain’s other North African enclave, in a bid to enter Europe.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” an attempt to do something ” と記載されていますね。
The company cut prices just before Christmas in a bid to support sales.
They have reduced the cost of borrowing in a bid to get the economy moving again.
On January 1 more than 1,000 migrants from sub-Saharan Africa tried to scale the fence at Ceuta during a violent assault in which one officer lost an eye.
At about 5am on Monday, 186 migrants stormed the border and reached European Union soil.
Once there, they celebrated, raising their hands in joy as they ran through the streets – with one man kneeling on the floor.
The migrants were eventually rounded up and taken to a reception centre, where they can apply for asylum in Spain.
To kneel (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to put one or both knees on the ground ” と記載されていますね。
She knelt in front of the fire to warm herself.
I knelt down on the floor beside her.
She knelt (down) beside the child.
He knelt in front of the altar and prayed.
round up (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to find and arrest people ” と記載されていますね。
Dozens of political activists have been rounded up for questioning.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）