Choosing between life and debt: Passenger who became trapped under a subway train begged rescuers NOT to call an ambulance because she couldn’t afford it
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an amount of money that you owe “というふうに記載されていますね。
He managed to pay off his debts in two years.
The company is deep in debt (= owes a lot of money).
To afford (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if you can afford something, you have enough money to be able to pay for it. This word usually follows ‘can’, ‘could’, or ‘be able to’ “というふうに記載されています。
I’m not sure how they are able to afford such expensive holidays.
We need a bigger house, but we just can’t afford the rent.
We couldn’t afford to pay the lawyer’s fee.
We can’t afford another trip abroad this year.
I don’t know how he can afford a new car.
・The 45-year-old lost her footing and plunged down the gap at a station on Friday
・Group of around 10 commuters quickly rushed to help pull the train off her leg
・All the while she was asking them not to call an ambulance because of the cost
・Eventually taken to Boston Medical Center with a ‘serious laceration’ on her thigh
・The woman’s heartbreaking pleas have reignited the debate around healthcare in the US, with many branding the current system ‘barbaric’
・’Health care should be a human right in 2018,’ said one Twitter user
lose your balance/footing (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to suddenly fall or almost fall “というふうに記載されています。
I lost/missed my footing and fell.
He lost his footing and tumbled into the water.
It was a struggle just to keep my footing.
To plunge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to fall quickly from a high position “ というふうに記載されていますね。
His car had plunged off the mountain road in heavy rain.
We ran down to the beach and plunged into the sea.
The car went out of control and plunged over the cliff.
Niagara Falls plunges 55.5 metres.
It was still dark when the helicopter plunged 500 feet into the sea.
all the while (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” all the time that something is happening “ というふうに記載されていますね。
She pretended to be asleep, but all the while she was watching him.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a deep cut in someone’s flesh “ という風に記載されていますね。
She had lacerations to her head and back.
The body showed signs of laceration and bruising.
To reignite (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make something such as a disagreement or worry that was disappearing grow stronger “というふうに記載されています。裁量という意味です。
There are fears that rising wages will reignite inflation.
A woman who got her leg trapped under a subway train begged rescuers not to call an ambulance because she couldn’t afford it.
The 45-year-old was walking off Boston’s Orange Line train at Massachusetts Avenue around 5.30pm on Friday when she lost her footing and plunged down the gap, giving her a deep cut that went right down to the bone.
ここのwas walking off Boston’s Orange Line trainは、ボストン オレンジ ラインを降りるというのをwalk offを使ってより動きが伝わるように表しています。
Her fellow passengers helped push the train to the side and free her, but even as she thanked them, shaking and weeping from the pain, she begged them not to call an ambulance because it cost too much.
‘Do you know how much an ambulance costs?’ she said.’It’s $3,000,’ she said. ‘I can’t afford that.’
The woman’s heartbreaking pleas have reignited the debate around healthcare in the US, with many branding it ‘barbaric’ that someone should be forced to choose between life and debt.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for talking about people who are similar to you or are in the same situation as you “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Our fellow travellers were mostly Spanish-speaking tourists.
Discuss your experiences with a fellow student.
She introduced me to some of her fellow students.
‘It is absolutely disgraceful that someone has to worry about the cost of an ambulance in a situation like that. My thoughts are with her,’ said Twitter user Yalina.
Another wrote: ‘We need universal healthcare bad, an accident shouldn’t force you to choose between crushing debt or permanent injury/death.’
‘It’s barbaric, outdated, and just unrealistic,’ another tweet read.
Stefan Sirucek said that the ‘awful’ state of American healthcare often came as a shock to the many nations that already have universal healthcare.
‘When you tell people from other countries stories like this they don’t believe it,’ he tweeted.
‘Health care should be a human right in 2018, ‘ Lily Bargheon said.
Many Americans said they are angry with the current state of healthcare, which they say is confusing, unfair and overly expensive.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” extremely bad or shocking “ というふうに記載されていますね。
a disgraceful waste of taxpayers’ money
She thought that their attitude was absolutely disgraceful.
They behaved disgracefully!
Universal healthcare (adjective)
Wikipediaによると” Universal healthcare is a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country. “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” badly (= very much): “ というふうに記載されていますね。インフォーマルな表現です。
He needs the money real bad.
My arm hurts so bad.
It hurts real bad when I run.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” old-fashioned and therefore not as good or as fashionable as something modern: “ という風に記載されていますね。
outdated ideas about the family
an outdated computer system
This handbook is outdated.
Nowadays this technique is completely outdated.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a country that has its own land and government “ と、“ the people of a particular country ” という風に記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” very much, or too much “ という風に記載されていますね。
It is a problem, but we’re not overly worried about it.
His films have been criticized for being overly violent.
Sales forecasts were overly optimistic.
Americans spend more money on healthcare than any other population, and healthcare spending rocketed $900 billion between 1996 and 2013.
By 2013, total healthcare spending hit $2.1 trillion, according to the study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The researchers say that figure has now likely soared to more than $3.2 trillion, which equates to 18 per cent of the country’s economy.
But while spending increased, America’s life expectancy has remained sluggish – with an average of 79 years old, compared to the global average of 83 years old.
The US is the only country in which wealth has been linked to life expectancy with a study finding that the richest one per cent were found to live an average of 15 years longer than the poorest one per cent.
To rocket (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if something such as a price or quantity rockets, it suddenly increases a lot “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Inflation rocketed in the period between the wars.
Fuel prices have rocketed in recent months.
House prices in the north are rocketing (up).
Stock prices rocketed to their highest level yesterday.
To soar (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると” to quickly increase to a high level “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Unemployment has soared.
Temperatures will soar over the weekend, say the weather forecasters.
House prices soared a further 20 percent.
To equate (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to consider one thing to be the same as or equal to another thing: “ と” to be the same in amount, number, or size: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
People sometimes equate money with happiness.
Don’t make the mistake of equating high test scores and intelligence.
These people seem to equate honesty with weakness.
The price of such goods in those days equates to about $50 at current prices.
Market rates don’t always equate with reasonable prices.
life expectancy (noun)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the length of time that someone is likely to live “ という風に記載されていますね。
Life expectancy in Europe increased greatly in the 20th century.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” not performing or reacting as well as usual “ と、” not moving as quickly as usual “ という風に記載されていますね。
Sasha woke up feeling tired and sluggish.
a sluggish market/economy/performance
A heavy lunch makes me sluggish in the afternoon.
Something is wrong with the car – the engine feels sluggish.
The housing market has been very sluggish these past few years.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）