Have another cup of coffee! Six cups a day could decrease your risk of early death by up to 16%, National Cancer Institute study finds
・Six to seven cups per day lowered the risk of early death by 16 percent and eight or more per day lowered the risk by 14 percent
・The results were the same whether participants drank decaffeinated, ground or instant coffee
・In 2015, US Dietary Guidelines suggested that up to five cups of coffee per day can be a part of a healthy diet
Drinking at least six cups of coffee every day could decrease your risks of early death, a new study has revealed.
Researchers say that those who drink six or seven cups of coffee per day are 16 percent less likely to die from any disease over a 10-year period than those who never have a cup of Joe.
Coffee has long been linked with combating heart disease, cancer, dementia, diabetes and depression.
The researchers, who hail from various institutions including the National Cancer Institute and the National Institutes of Health, say they hope their findings provide further reassurance that coffee can be part of a healthy diet.
likely to (adjective)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” probably going to happen, or probably true “というふうに記載されていますね。
The study shows some people are more likely to suffer back problems.
Do remind me because I’m likely to forget.
If I don’t write it down, I’m likely to forget.
The study showed that one in twelve women is likely to develop breast cancer.
hail from (phrasal verb)
Cambrdige Dictionary によると” to come from or to have been born in a particular place: “というふうに記載されていますね。フォーマルな表現です。
Joe originally hails from Toronto.
My father hails from Yorkshire.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” words of advice and comfort intended to make someone feel less worried: “というふうに記載されています。
The child looked at her mother for reassurance.
I felt I couldn’t cope with the situation and was in desperate need of some reassurance.
Despite her father’s reassurances, she was still frightened of the dark.
For the study, the team tracked almost 500,000 Britons between ages 38 and 73 from 2006 to 2016.
The researchers asked them how many cups of coffee they drank per day, including the type: decaffeinated, ground or instant.
The researchers, who published their results in JAMA on Monday, found that those whose coffee intake was high fared the best.
Those who drank eight cups or more per day saw their death rates cut by 14 percent, and it was raised to 16 percent among those who drank six to seven cups.
The protective effect was also seen among moderate and light coffee drinkers – but to a lesser degree.
Two to five cups, one cup per day, or less than one cup per day reduced early death rates by 12, eight and six percent, respectively.
According to lead author Dr Erikka Loftfield, a cancer epidemiologist at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland, the results held true whether the type of coffee drank was ground, instant or decaffeinated.
The FDA has suggested that Americans consume no more than 400mg of caffeine, or four cups of coffee, per day.
However, in 2015, the US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee report concluded that moderate coffee consumption of five cups per day can be a part of a healthy diet.
Ingesting too much caffeine can result in anxiety, dizziness, upset stomach, a fast heartbeat and even muscle tremors.
muscle tremorsは 筋肉の震えです。
But previous studies conducted in the US, Europe and Asia have found a consistent link between coffee drinking and reduced deaths from all causes including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, Parkinson’s disease and liver, bowel and womb cancer.
Additionally, caffeine has been shown to be abundant in antioxidants which reduce inflammation and boost both lung function and sensitivity to the glucose-controlling hormone insulin.
glucose-controlling は 糖管理です。
‘Coffee drinking was inversely associated with mortality, including among those drinking eight or more cups per day,’ said Dr Loftfield.
‘These findings suggest the importance of non-caffeine constituents in the coffee-mortality association and provide further reassurance that coffee drinking can be a part of a healthy diet.’
In 2017, a study was conducted by the University of Hawaii Cancer Center and the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California on more than 90,000 Americans and their coffee habits.
The researchers found those who drank three cups per day lowered their risk of early death by 18 percent while those who drank one cup per day lowered their risk by 12 percent.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the amount of something that you eat or drink “というふうに記載されています。日本語で言う「摂取」です。
Reduce your intake of salt, sugar, and junk foods.
the intake of fuel in a vehicle
a deep intake of breath
To fare (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to progress or to be in a particular condition: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
We now have a much clearer picture of how schools are faring.
Middle-income families will fare better/worse under the new tax laws.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” neither very great nor very small in amount, size, strength, or degree “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Cook the spinach over a moderate heat.
He’s a moderate drinker.
This month has seen a moderate increase in house prices.
The company was of moderate size, with about 50 employees.
hold true (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to continue to be true: “ という風に記載されていますね。
Their arguments were valid a hundred years ago and they still hold true today.
To ingest (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to take food or drink into the body “というふうに記載されています。日本語で言う「摂取」です。
The chemicals can be poisonous if ingested.
These mushrooms are poisonous if ingested.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” more than enough: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
an abundant supply of food
There is abundant evidence that cars have a harmful effect on the environment.
The country has an abundant supply of fossil fuels.
Rainfall is abundant in the region.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” in the opposite way to something else: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Efficiency was found to be inversely related to company size.
The human population was growing in inverse proportion to that of the lions and elephants (=as one increased, the other decreased).
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the number of deaths within a particular area, group etc: “ という風に記載されていますね。
a decline in infant mortality
The mortality rate has recently increased.
Her death made him more aware of his own mortality.
Infant mortality is much higher in the poorest areas of the city.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” one of the parts that a substance or combination is made of: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
What are the basic constituents of the mixture?
Oxygen is a constituent of air.
The main constituents of wine are acid, tannin, alcohol, and sugar.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” something that you do often and regularly, sometimes without knowing that you are doing it: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
I have the habit of checking my e-mail as soon as I log on to my computer.
He had the annoying habit of tapping the table when he was nervous.
Judy is in the habit of sleeping late on Sundays.
They were in the habit of going for long walks
George has got into the habit of going to bed late.
Eating between meals is a bad habit.
I always buy the same brand of toothpaste out of (= because of) habit.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）