We’re safe, Mum! Delighted orangutan hugs its mother as they are released into the jungle after being saved from deadly encounter with farmers
・Orangutan mother Ris and her baby Riska in danger of farmers in Borneo
・Their forest home had been diminished by fired and deforestation
・As a result, they risked straying into farmers’ land in search of food
・Charity caught the pair, and released them into a safer part of the forest
To diminish (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the unhappy and ashamed feeling that you get when something embarrassing happens “というふうに記載されていますね。
The intensity of the sound diminished gradually.
Her enthusiasm was by now fast diminishing.
The delay may well have diminished the impact of their campaign.
I don’t want to diminish her achievements, but she did have a lot of help.
These memories will not be diminished by time.
Her popularity as a singer has diminished since the glory days of the 1980s.
To stray (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to move away from the correct place or path “というふうに記載されていますね。
The plane strayed into Chinese airspace.
Walkers are reminded not to stray from the path.
The ship strayed off course during the storm.
The children were told to stay together and not to stray.
This is the heartwarming moment a baby orangutan hugs its mother after conservationists saved the pair from a potentially ‘deadly’ encounter with local farmers in Indonesia.
Ris and her baby Riska had been straying dangerously close to a plantation in the Ketapang district of Indonesian Borneo in search for food.
Deforestation and devastating fires had destroyed vast swathes of the forest where they were living, forcing them to search for food on farmed lands.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone who works to protect the environment from damage or destruction “というふうに記載されていますね。
Cambridge Dictionary によると” causing a lot of harm or damage “というふうに記載されていますね。
a devastating fire/storm/flood
Gambling can have a devastating effect on families.
If the bomb had exploded in the main shopping area, it would have been devastating.
We are deeply saddened by this devastating tragedy.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” extremely large “というふうに記載されていますね。
a vast empty plain
The vast majority of children attend state schools.
A vast audience watched the broadcast.
The amount of detail the book contains is vast.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a large area of land “というふうに記載されていますね。
Huge swathes of rainforest are being cleared for farming and mining.
However, this could have cost them their lives, as farmers are known to have killed orangutans who have destroyed crops in the past.
Fortunately, a team from International Animal Rescue (IAR) tracked down the mother and child so they could take them back to a safer part of their jungle home.
Pictures show the two monkeys in a safety net after being sedated by the rescue team, who can be seen carrying out medical examinations on the animals.
With Ris still coming to after the sedation, Riska joyfully hugs its mother and then lies on her belly, seemingly content.
track down (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると” to find someone or something after a long search “というふうに記載されていますね。
I finally managed to track him down in Manchester.
He finally managed to track down the papers he wanted.
To sedate (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to cause a person or animal to be very calm or go to sleep by giving them a drug: “というふうに記載されています。
When I saw him after the accident he was still in shock and was heavily sedated.
Collins Dictionaryによると” pleased with your situation and not hoping for change or improvement: “というふうに記載されています。
He seems fairly content with (his) life.
When I last saw her, she seemed quite content.
They’re content to socialize with a very small circle of people.
She is content to live quietly by herself.
He seems to be content with a fairly minor role in the government.
They were content with second hand clothes.
Finding the pair in good health, the conservationists carry the orangutans back to the protected forest of Sentap Kancang.
IAR chief executive Alan Knight OBE said: ‘I applaud everyone involved in the successful translocation of this mother and baby out of harm’s way and into a safe, protected forest.
‘In the past we have witnessed the often deadly outcome of human-orangutan encounters and that is why we are forced to step in whenever such a potentially dangerous situation arises.’
According to IAR, visits from orangutans have increased in the area as more land is cleared, particularly since the fires in 2015.
To applaud (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to praise a decision, action, idea etc “というふうに記載されています。
They have been applauded for their humanitarian work in Ethiopia.
We applaud the family’s decision to remain silent over the issue.
We applaud the family’s decision to protect their privacy.
To arise (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to happen: “ というふうに記載されていますね。フォーマルな表現です。
Some confusion has arisen as a result of the new system.
Did anything interesting arise from the meeting?
Are there any matters arising from (= caused by) the last meeting?
Problems arise when kids leave school.
When the opportunity arose, he decided to take it.
The blazes left the forest fragmented, isolating individual orangutans in areas where there isn’t enough food to sustain them.
Catur, manager of IAR’s Orangutan Protection Unit, said: ‘The distance between the areas of forest was too great for the orangutans to travel between them and there was too much human activity in the area for the orangutans to live safely.’
He added: ‘There was very little food available and so there was a high risk that the orangutans would end up looking for food on people’s farmland and in their gardens.’
Karmele Llano Sanchez, programme director of IAR Indonesia, said: ‘Degraded and fragmented forests make encounters between humans and people more frequent.
‘This increases the risk of conflict between them. If there is conflict, sadly both humans and orangutans will suffer losses.
‘Regrettably this kind of translocation is only a temporary solution and does not prevent similar cases happening in future.
‘The real solution is to look at how we and all citizens and all stakeholders, including companies and industries, can work together to stop deforestation and land degradation.
‘Our hope is that people and orangutans can live side by side without harming each other.’
To fragment (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to break something into small parts or to be broken up in this way: “ と記載されていますね。
The satellite will fragment and burn up as it falls through the earth’s atmosphere.
a fragmented narrative
We had become a fragmented society during the depression.
In this increasingly fragmented society, a sense of community is a thing of the past.
To isolate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to keep someone in a place away from other people “ と記載されていますね。
He was isolated from all the other prisoners.
Important witnesses are isolated from the media for their own safety.
A high wall isolated the house from the rest of the village.
To degrade (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make something worse “ と記載されていますね。フォーマルな表現です。
Every day the environment is further degraded by toxic wastes.
degrading water/air quality
degraded sound quality
side by side (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for talking about two or more groups that live or work next to each other although they are very different “ と記載されていますね。
The two tribes had lived peacefully side by side for centuries.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）