Stephen Hawking warned the world about Donald Trump
・Late physicist Stephen Hawking warned of the dangers of a Trump presidency
・Hawking passed away peacefully on March 14 at his Cambridge, UK residence
・He made many dire predictions about what the future of the human race holds
To warn (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to make someone conscious of a possible problem or danger so that they will not be hurt “というふうに記載されていますね。
Travel agents are not warning tourists about the dangers of crime in holiday resorts.
Scientists warned of the threat to beaches and rivers from pollution.
The report warns that consumers could end up paying higher prices.
We were warned not to eat the fish which might upset our stomachs.
I warned her not to waste her money on that movie.
The radio warned all day of the bad weather coming.
Cambridge Dictionary によると” very serious or extreme: “というふうに記載されていますね。
These people are in dire need of help.
He gave a dire warning that an earthquake was imminent.
News reports portray the situation as dire.
Refugees are arriving in dire need of food and medical attention.
The newspapers have all issued dire warnings about the consequences of failure for the government.
Cheating will bring dire consequences.
Famed physicist Stephen Hawking was much better known for his brilliant mind and vast contributions to science than his political views. But the late Hawking was clearly no fan of President Donald Trump.
Hawking, who passed away at age 76 in Cambridge, UK, repeatedly issued dire warnings of what a Trump presidency could mean for the world. Before Trump was even elected, Hawking described the then-real estate mogul as ‘a demagogue who seems to appeal to the lowest common denominator’ and repeatedly took issue with the Republican candidate’s views on climate change, foreign policy and other key issues.
Hawking was passionate and ceaseless in his warnings about the dangers of climate change and how Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Agreement could exacerbate the problem and have serious consequences for the planet.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” known by many people for a particular quality or achievement “というふうに記載されています。
a famed poet
a restaurant famed for its seafood
It’s a city famed for its ski slopes and casinos.
the famed Chinese strategist Sun Tzu
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an important person who is very rich or powerful: “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a political leader who tries to influence people by making emotional speeches “ と記載されていますね。
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a person, especially a political leader, who wins support by exciting the emotions of ordinary people rather than by having good or morally right ideas “ と記載されていますね。
lowest common denominator (phrase)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” used to refer in a disapproving way to the sort of people in society who are least intelligent and who will accept low-quality products and entertainment: “ という風に記載されていますね。
The problem with so much television is that it is aimed at the lowest common denominator.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” continuing without stopping “ という風に記載されていますね。
Martin was growing tired of their ceaseless chatter.
When a baby becomes ill there can be ceaseless crying.
She worked ceaselessly for change.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the act of no longer being involved in something “ と記載されていますね。
Illness led to her withdrawal from the contest.
Doctors demanded the withdrawal of the drug (from the market) after several cases of dangerous side-effects were reported.
Her sudden withdrawal from the championship caused a lot of press speculation about her health.
To exacerbate (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to make something that is already bad even worse: “ と記載されていますね。
Her allergy was exacerbated by the dust.
This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.
Hawking stated in a BBC interview that: ‘Climate change is one of the great dangers we face and it’s one we can prevent if we act now. By denying the evidence for climate change and pulling out of the Paris Climate Agreement, Donald Trump will cause avoidable environmental damage to our beautiful planet, endangering the natural world, for us and our children.’
sulfuric rain は 硫酸の雨です。
According to Hawking, Earth could soon turn into a super-heated planet like Venus with sulfuric rain fall in the future if climate change is not eventually halted and reversed. He also warned of the dangers of increased militarization and advanced weaponry, believing they could ultimately cause the downfall of the human race.
militarization は軍事化、weaponry は 兵器類です。
the downfall of the human race で 人類の滅亡です。
‘There is no sign of conflict lessening, and the development of militarized technology and weapons of mass destruction could make that disastrous. The best hope for the survival of the human race might be independent colonies in space,’ the physicist said.
To halt (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to (cause to) stop moving or doing something or happening: “ と記載されていますね。ジャーナリズムで使われる言葉です。
The search halted overnight, then resumed early Thursday morning.
The strike halted all international train traffic through Hungary.
“Halt!” called the guard. “You can’t go any further without a permit.”
Production has halted at all of the company’s factories because of the pay dispute.
To lessen (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” If something lessens or is lessened, it becomes less strong: “ と記載されていますね。
A healthy diet can lessen the risk of heart disease.
Keeping your weight down can lessen the risk of heart disease.
Traffic had lessened and the Mercedes was picking up speed.
Treatment will lessen the pain.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the act of destroying something, or the fact of being destroyed: “ と記載されていますね。
Many people are very concerned about the destruction of the rainforests.
weapons of mass destruction (= those which kill or hurt large numbers of people)
The building must be saved from destruction.
the destruction of the environment
Cambridge Dictionary によると ” extremely bad or unsuccessful: “ と記載されていますね。
Such a war would be disastrous for the country.
This decision will have a disastrous impact on foreign policy.
His first attempt was disastrous.
The consequences of spending cuts would be disastrous for local schools.
a disastrous dinner party
Who was Stephen Hawking?
Stephen Hawking was a theoretical physicist who made many significant contributions to science and cosmology despite suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) for decades.
Hawking was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, UK.
He took a strong interest in physics and graduated with a degree in natural sciences from the prestigious Oxford University before obtaining a master’s degree and PhD from the University of Cambridge.
After experiencing increasing clumsiness and slurred speech his last year at Oxford University, Hawking was diagnosed with ALS in 1963 at just 21 years old. Despite being given just two years to initially live, Hawking survived for decades even as the disease gradually ravaged his body and left him paralyzed.
Despite suffering from the condition, Hawking was able to make many notable contributions to physics and cosmology over the course of his long career, pioneering groundbreaking new theories on quantum mechanics and black holes. Hawking actually wanted to have his famous Hawking radiation formula engraved on his tombstone, according to the New York Times.
quantum mechanics は量子力学です。
radiation formula は放射線式です。
He published the bestselling book ‘A Brief History of Time’ in 1988 and also served as the Director of Research for the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge.
Hawking passed away on March 14, 2008. He received many accolades over the course of his career, including being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and being named as an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in London.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると形容詞 clumsyは ” a clumsy person moves in a way that is not careful or graceful, and breaks things or knocks against them “ と記載されていますね。その名詞です。
I’m so clumsy – I keep dropping things.
That’s the third glass you’ve smashed this week – you’re so clumsy!
Macmillan Dictionaryによると動詞 slur は ” to speak without pronouncing the words clearly or separately, for example because you are very tired or drunk “ と記載されていますね。その形容詞です。
‘Who are you?’ she slurred.
Her speech was slurred but she still denied she was drunk.
She was slurring her words and holding on to the bar.
How can you possibly understand someone who slurs his speech?
To ravage (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to destroy something or damage it very badly “ と記載されていますね。
The area has been ravaged by drought/floods/war.
Hurricane Mitch ravaged the tiny Central American country.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” unable to move your body or part of it, usually because of an injury or illness “ と記載されていますね。その名詞です。
The accident left him paralysed from the neck down.
The accident left her paralysed from the waist down.
The government seems paralysed by/with indecision.
She was paralysed with fear.
To engrave (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to cut words or pictures into a hard surface such as stone, metal, or glass “ と記載されていますね。
a trophy engraved with the winner’s name
The jeweller skilfully engraved the initials on the ring.
The bracelet was engraved with his name and date of birth.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a large stone with someone’s name and their birth date and death date on it that is put over the place where they are buried “ と記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an honour given to someone for their work “ と記載されていますね。
the TV industry’s ultimate accolade
He’s been granted the ultimate accolade – his face on a postage stamp.
Her approval was the highest accolade he could receive.
Stephen Hawking predictions
Over the course of his storied career, Hawking made a number of intriguing predictions as to what the future of humanity may hold.
Notably, he warned of the dangers that climate change poses to the future of the Earth and sharply rebuked President Trump for withdrawing from the Paris Agreement in 2017.
He also warned that advanced artificial intelligence could render humanity obsolete and also urged space colonization as a way for the human race to survive among the stars, due to the increasing risks of global warming and devastating wars on Earth.
Perhaps most notably, Hawking was adamant in his bleak views on the future of the human race, believing its extinction was ‘a near certainty’ within the next 10,000 years due to the chances of cataclysmic disasters occurring.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” very interesting because of being unusual or mysterious: “ と記載されていますね。
an intriguing subject for future research
an intriguing possibility/question
She has a really intriguing personality.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” especially: used for introducing a good example of something “ と記載されていますね。その名詞です。
The company is beginning to attract investors, most notably big Japanese banks.
A number of members were notably absent from the meeting.
Some subjects are very popular, most notably the sciences.
To rebuke (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to tell someone that they have behaved badly. The usual word is tell off. “ と記載されていますね。
I was rebuked by my manager for being late.
He was publicly rebuked for his involvement in the scandal.
To render (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to cause someone or something to be in a particular state: “ と記載されていますね。
His rudeness rendered me speechless.
New technology has rendered my old computer obsolete.
Solar power could become a viable energy source, rendering fossil fuels obsolete.
His back injury had rendered him unfit for work.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” not in use any more, having been replaced by something newer and better or more fashionable: “ と記載されていますね。
Gas lamps became obsolete when electric lighting was invented.
Typewriters have been rendered obsolete by computers.
Most computer hardware rapidly becomes obsolete.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” determined not to change your belief or decision about something “ と記載されていますね。
We tried to persuade her but she was adamant.
He was adamant that he would not pay any more money.
They are adamant about buying only organic food.
She was adamant about becoming a dancer.
I’ve told her she should stay at home and rest but she‘s adamant that she’s coming.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” If a situation is bleak, there is little or no hope for the future: “ と記載されていますね。
Things look very bleak for the team.
Textile workers face a bleak future.
The economic outlook is bleak.
With no job, the future looked bleak.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the situation when an animal, plant, or language no longer exists “ と記載されていますね。
species that are in danger of extinction
The extinction of the dinosaurs occurred millions of years ago.
Many species of plants and animals are in danger of/threatened with extinction (= being destroyed so that they no longer exist).
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” changing a situation in a sudden, violent, and unpleasant way “ と記載されていますね。
a cataclysmic eruption
The city has just experienced a cataclysmic flood.
These countries are on the brink of cataclysmic famine.
Stephen Hawking political views
Although best-known for his contributions to scientific research, Hawking also wasn’t afraid to make his political views known to the public.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an occasion when everyone in a country can vote to make a decision about one particular subject “ と記載されていますね。
The government has promised to hold a referendum on the issue.
Is it more democratic to hold a referendum, rather than let the government alone decide?
What is ALS?
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS, is a degenerative motor neuron disease that impacts roughly 2.5 per 100,000 people per year. Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with the disease in 1963 and famously lived for decades despite a grim prognosis from doctors.
Symptoms include difficulty swallowing and speaking as well as muscle twitching due to the progressive muscle atrophy it inflicts over a period of time.
Usual onset occurs in the 50s and 60s. Its cause is mostly unknown, though about five to ten per cent of cases are inherited.
Sadly, there is no known cure for the disease and typical life expectancy is approximately two to four years. However, the ice bucket challenge social media phenomenon in recent years has helped to increase the public’s awareness of the disease and raise millions of dollars to conduct research into curing it.
life expectancy 平均余命です。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a doctor’s opinion about the way in which a disease or illness is likely to develop “ と記載されていますね。
The prognosis after the operation was for a full recovery.
After successful surgery his prognosis was good.
To twitch (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” used about a sudden slight uncontrolled movement of your body “ と記載されていますね。
A muscle in her neck twitched.
He tried to suppress a smile but felt the corner of his mouth twitch.
She twitched her nose like a rabbit.
She saw his mouth twitch into a little smile that disappeared almost at once.
To inflict (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to cause something unpleasant to happen “ と記載されていますね。
the environmental damage we are inflicting on the Earth
These new bullets are capable of inflicting massive injuries.
The suffering inflicted on these children was unimaginable.
Why would anyone inflict harm on a helpless animal?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an inherited disease or quality is one that is passed on through the genes “ と記載されていますね。
inherited characteristics such as blood group
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the moment at which something unpleasant begins: “ と記載されていますね。
the onset of winter
The new treatment can delay the onset of the disease by several years.
the onset of the disease
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）