Ibaraki school, education board hit for concealing girl’s bullying-linked suicide when probing classmates
To hit (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to have a bad effect on someone or something ” と記載されていますね。フィジカルなhit以外にも、このように使われます。
Local businesses have been hard hit by the recession.
Production has been badly hit by the strike.
These new tax arrangements will hit everyone, but especially middle-income families.
He tries to pretend nothing has happened, but then reality hits him and it’s very hard.
She opened the window and I was hit by an icy blast of air.
To conceal (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to prevent something from being seen or known about ” と記載されていますね。
The listening device was concealed in a pen.
I tried to conceal my surprise when she told me her age.
Why did you decide to conceal your true identity?
To probe (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると“to try to discover information that other people do not want you to know, by asking questions carefully and not directly ” と記載されていますね。
Investigators are probing the causes of the plane crash.
The interviewer probed deep into her private life.
Investigators are probing into new evidence in the case.
School officials in Toride, Ibaraki Prefecture, looking into the 2015 death of a 15-year-old schoolgirl concealed the fact that she committed suicide while surveying her classmates and parents, it has been learned.
look into (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to examine the facts about a problem or situation ” と記載されていますね。
I wrote a letter of complaint, and the airline have promised to look into the matter.
We‘re looking into the possibility of merging the two departments.
When we looked into buying a car, we decided it was better to hire one occasionally.
To survey (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to ask a large number of people questions to find out their opinions ” もしくは “to look at something, or to examine something” と記載されていますね。
The researchers surveyed the attitudes of 2,500 college students.
She has written a book which surveys the history of feminism.
After we’d finished painting the kitchen, we stood back and surveyed our work.
The family of Naoko Nakashima, who was a third-year student at a junior high school in Toride, claims that the concealment of such key information led the school and the Toride Board of Education to wrongly conclude she had not been bullied.
to claim (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると” to say that something is true, even though there is no definite proof “ と記載されていますね。
The company claims (that) it is not responsible for the pollution in the river.
Some people still claim that there is no firm evidence linking smoking with lung cancer.
Cambridge dictionaryによると” the act of hiding something “と記載されていますね！
the concealment of evidence/facts/weapons
To conclude (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると” to judge or decide something after thinking carefully about it “と記載されていますね！
The report concluded that a world recession was unlikely.
The jury concluded from the evidence that the defendant was innocent.
According to the board of education, Nakashima hanged herself at home on Nov. 10, 2015. Her diary had an entry that read, “I don’t want to be bullied.”
Macmillan Dictionary の４番目の意味によると” to kill someone by putting a rope around their neck and making them fall “と記載されています。
After his wife left, he tried to hang himself.
Cambridge Dictionary によると” a separate piece of information that is recorded in a book, computer, etc. “と記載されていますね！
an entry in a diary
Her diary entries for that month show how unhappy she was.
the dictionary entry for the word ‘play’
On the following day, the principal of the school and the board of education decided not to tell other students and their parents that Nakashima had committed suicide, “out of concerns over the impact on the students, who were facing high school entrance exams,” a board official said.
“entrance exam” で入試ですね！
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the person in charge of a school ” と記載されていますね。
out of (preposition)
Cambridge Dictionary によると“used to show the reason why someone does something “と記載されています。
We didn’t publish the details, out of consideration for the victim’s family.
She decided to call her ex-boyfriend out of curiosity.
He only went to see her out of duty.
Just out of interest, how old is your wife?
The official added that her family had consented to not making the fact of her suicide public. At an all-school meeting on Nov. 12 that year, the school said Nakashima had suffered an “unexpected, sudden death.”
make something publicで公にするですね。
To consent (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary によると“to give approval for something ” と “to agree to do something”というふうに記載されていますね。
The child’s parents would not consent to the treatment.
Very reluctantly, I‘ve consented to lend her my car.
My aunt never married because her father wouldn’t consent to her marriage.
To suffer (verb)
Macmillan Dictionary の２番目の意味に、“to experience something very unpleasant or painful” と記載されていますね。
Some patients suffered severe side-effects from the treatment.
25 policemen suffered minor injuries during the riots.
But her father, Takanobu Nakashima, 45, said the family feels this skewed the results of the school’s probe into his daughter’s death.
Cambridge Dictionary によると” not accurate or exact ” と記載されていますね。
Maybe your world view is a little skewed.
To skew (verb)
Cambridge Dictionary によると” to affect facts or information so that they are not accurate ” と” to have a strong effect on someone’s opinion, ideas, or judgment “というふうに記載されていますね。
A researcher’s mistake has skewed the results of the study.
These last-minute changes have skewed the company’s results.
Biased questions can skew the results.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると“an attempt to find out the truth about an issue, problem, or accident, made by an official group or by a newspaper, television programme etc “と載っていますね。
an FBI probe into corruption
The probe explored allegations of corruption in the police department.
Beginning in December 2015, the board and the school conducted a questionnaire on all students and interviewed the victim’s classmates.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a list of questions that several people are asked so that information can be collected about something “と載っていますね。
Visitors to the country have been asked to fill in a detailed questionnaire.
In March 2016, the board concluded there was no bullying involved and deemed the case as not tantamount to a “serious circumstance” as stipulated under a law requiring measures against bullying. At the same time, the board set up a third-party panel to investigate the incident and made public for the first time that Nakashima had committed suicide.
名詞なのか、形容詞なのかという単語を見極める力と、文法をわかっていないと混乱するかと思いますが、”the boardはconclude とdeemした”です。
先ほど出てきたmake something publicとは多少かたちは変わりますが、make public thatも同じ意味です。
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to consider or judge something in a particular way “と載っていますね!
The area has now been deemed safe.
tantamount to (adjective)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to have the same bad qualities or effect as something else “と載っていますね!
The new tax is tantamount to stealing from the poor.
Her silence was tantamount to an admission of guilt.
To stipulate (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to state exactly what must be done “と載っていますね!
The regulations stipulate the maximum number of children allowed in a class.
State laws stipulate that public education be free.
The constitution stipulates that a new president must be elected after four years.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a group of people who make decisions or judgments “という意味も載っていますね!
a panel of judges
an interview panel
“We feel that we were taken advantage of, that they used the confusion right after her suicide,” the father said. “We feel that (the officials) were trying to cover up the facts, and this influenced the conclusion of the probe.”
take advantage of (phrase)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to treat someone badly in order to get something good from them “と載っていますね!
salesmen who take advantage of elderly customers
I think she takes advantage of his good nature.
cover up (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to keep something unpleasant or illegal secret or hidden “ と載っていますね!
They’re trying to cover up the truth.
It was a real scandal, but the school tried to cover the whole thing up.
The parents formally complained to the education ministry in May that the panel lacked neutrality, prompting the board to reverse its earlier conclusion and disband the panel.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” the condition of being neutral in a disagreement or war “ と載っていますね。日本語で言うところのニュートラルや中立ですね。
The Queen has maintained political neutrality throughout her reign.
To prompt (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to make something happen “ と載っていますね。ジャーナリズムで使われる言葉です。
What prompted you to say that?
To reverse (verb)
macmillan Dictionaryによるとここでは” to change a court decision to be the opposite of what it was “ になります。
The court’s ruling reverses the original judgment.
To disband (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to stop being a group “ と記載されていますね。
The managers planned to disband the team.
It is not unusual for rock bands and pop groups to disband after a few years together.
She formed a political group which disbanded a year later.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）