英字新聞を読み解く!!!Vol.179難易度★★☆☆☆

英字新聞を読むには各単語の形式を知ることが大事!

英語を勉強し始めたばかりの段階だと、教材と違って英字新聞を読むのはかなり難しいと思います。それぞれの新聞が独自の書き方をもっていたりもするので。なので、僕が補足をつけながら、英字新聞を読むのお手伝いしようと思います。教材の文法には慣れたけど英字新聞はまだ苦手という、初級ー中級あたりの人用の解説です。

何回も言いますが、新聞を読むためには各々の単語が名詞(noun)なのか、形容詞(adjective)なのか、副詞(adverb)なのかがめちゃくちゃ大事になってきます!文法はほんっっっっっっとうに大事です!!!一緒に一つずつやっていきましょう!僕の勉強がわりにもなっているので、僕が知っていることは飛ばしていたりします。なので、何かわからないことがあれば気軽にコメントください。できるだけ答えます!よろしくお願いします 😉

全文はこちらをクリック!

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5476813/Six-year-old-boy-born-no-eyes.html?ito=social-facebook

まずはざっと読んでみてください。

難易度は★★☆☆☆です!

読み終わったら、下の単語の解説と照らし合わせながら読んでいってみてください!よろしくです 😉

それでは英字新聞 読解スタートです!

The six-year-old boy born without eyes: Youngster is one of only 60 cases in the world and is subjected to cruel taunts and stares from strangers

taunt (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a cruel remark that is intended to make someone angry or upset というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

The protesters shouted taunts at the police.

At school, he had received jeers and taunts because of his size.

stare (noun)

Macmillan Dictionary によると” a long fixed look というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

She shrugged, feeling a little uncomfortable under his hard stare.

She gave him a long stare but didn’t answer his question.

She tried to silence him with a hard stare.

・WARNING: GRAPHIC CONTENT

・Christian Buchanan suffers from the rare disorder Tessier cleft lip and palate

Tessier 口唇口蓋裂という病気の名前です。

・He has required a feeding tube since he was four days old and cannot see

・Christian has endured seven surgeries to reconstruct his face and requires more

・Although the disorder has affected his development, he still lives a full life

disorder (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an illness or medical condition “ と ” a situation in which people behave in a noisy or violent way in public, often as a protest against something ” 、そして ” a situation in which things are not tidy “というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

He had treated her for a stomach disorder.

a blood disorder

She suffers from an eating disorder.

The family have a history of mental disorder.

The main problem is public disorder associated with late-night drinking.

The trial was kept secret because of the risk of public disorder.

The room was in such disorder that she couldn’t find anything.

Everything was in disorder, but nothing seemed to have been taken.

A six-year-old boy born without eyes is one of only 60 cases in the world and is subjected to cruel taunts from strangers

Christian Buchanan, from Woodbury, Tennessee, suffers from a Tessier facial cleft with microphthalmia, which has just 60 known cases in medical history.

microphthalmia は小眼球症 です。

Since being born with large gaps in his face, Christian has required a feeding tube since he was just four days old and has endured seven reconstruction operations.

Despite the condition leaving the youngster unable to see, as well as affecting his learning and speech, his mother Lacey insists the disorder has not stopped Christian from living a full life.

She said: ‘Christian is a very typical little boy. He‘s learning to read, he likes to wrestle with his little brother – all the things that any six-year-old would enjoy.’

Although the youngster, who is learning to play the violin and working towards an orange belt in karate, manages to get the most out of his life, he still endures cruel comments from strangers.

Lacey said: ‘I was unaware before Christian was born that there is this huge social stigma about being different, looking different, and most people didn’t know how to handle somebody with that type of difference.’

She is speaking out to raise awareness of disabilities in the hope of making people more accepting of those who look different.

To cleave (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to cut or break something into two parts with a lot of force “ というふうに記載されていますね。

例文:

With one blow of the knight’s axe, he clove the rock in twain (= into two pieces).

The volcano cleaved nearly in half after its last eruption.

work towards (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to do things that help you to make progress towards something that you want to achieve “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

Both countries are working towards peace in the region.

get the most out of (phrasal verb)

Free Dictionaryによると ” to achieve the greatest output of work, effort, production, etc., out of someone or something. “ という風に記載されていますね。

例文:

I do what I can to get the most out of life.

I try to get the most out of my employees.

make the most of something (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to use or enjoy something as much as possible: “ という風に記載されていますね。

例文:

It’s a beautiful day today. Let’s make the most of it.

We’re only in Paris for a day, so let’s make the most of it.

Speaking of her son’s disorder, Lacey told Barcroft TV: ‘Christian’s condition is called Tessier Cleft Lip and Palate, he has classifications three, four and five which include microphthalmia.

‘His condition was caused by amniotic banding syndrome.

amniotic banding syndrome は羊膜索症候群です。

‘Fibrous bands can form in the womb and if they attach to the baby they cut off blood flow, so Christian’s banding happened to attach to his face.

Fibrous bands は線維帯です。 blood flow は血流です。

‘The biggest way Christian’s condition affects his daily life is his vision impairment.

‘Because he is completely blind, he has to learn to navigate the world in the dark.

She said: ‘Our world is made for sighted people and he has to learn to live in it without the benefit of sight; we have to do things a little differently sometimes but its totally doable and he is doing it.’

‘Christian will have more surgeries in the future, that’s just the nature of this beast.’

classification (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the act or process of dividing things into groups according to their type:  と記載されていますね。

例文:

Hotels within this classification offer only basic facilities.

The new pay classification takes effect next week.

Hotels are listed in four classifications from economy to deluxe.

impairment (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the fact that a part of your body is unable to do something fully “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

a hearing impairment

Renal impairment needs to be treated urgently.

sighted (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” able to see “ と記載されていますね。

doable (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” able to be done “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

This project may be difficult, but I still think it’s doable.

It will take some organizing, but I think it’s doable.

The bank officer said that our loan was doable.

(that’s) the nature of the beast (idiom)

Free Dictionary によると ” If you say that something is the nature of the beast, you mean that it is a part of the character of the person or thing that you are talking about and cannot be avoided. “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

Foreign languages are difficult to learn; it’s the nature of the beast.

Negotiations always get tougher towards the end. That’s the nature of the beast.

If you play any sport at this level, you’re going to get injured from time to time. That’s just the nature of the beast.

Speaking of how people react to Christian, Lacey said: ‘Just recently we had an issue, we were in a store and Christian was playing with a little toy in the shelf and a lady walked by and said, “eww”.

‘He has heard people making certain comments. He hears kids say things like “Why does he look like that? What’s wrong with his eyes?”

‘I have always answered children in a very, positive, upbeat tone and I will say things like, “Oh, that’s just how Christian was born”.

‘And they will say, “Why does he have red eyes?” I will say,That’s just how he was made. Yeah, he has got red eyes, you know, it’s cool”.

‘He‘s learnt over the course of a couple of weeks to say, “Oh, that’s just how god made me” [and] “That’s how I was born and I was born awesome”. I give him some scripts to say.’

Lacey, who wishes to raise awareness of disabilities, added: ‘I want to share my family’s story to raise awareness for disabilities in general and specifically facial differences.

‘I want do away with those preconceived notions that people have about what it means to have a disability, what it means to have a facial difference and I hope that I‘m fostering an atmosphere of acceptance and understanding and respect for differences so that the world will just be a better place for Christian one day.’ 

upbeat (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” full of hope, happiness, and good feelings: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

Live music and a parade set an upbeat mood for the official opening.

The mood is upbeat at Shaw’s campaign headquarters tonight.

The players seemed upbeat about their chances of winning.

script (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the words of a film, play, broadcast, or speech: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

Bruce Robinson wrote the script for “The Killing Fields”.

They gave me the script and I only had five lines.

awareness (noun)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” knowledge or understanding of a subject, issue, or situation “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

The campaign aims to raise awareness of the dangers of passive smoking.

The campaign has certainly succeeded in raising public awareness of the issue.

in general (phrase)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” usually, or in most situations: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

In general, men are taller than women.

As a general rule, we don’t allow children in the bar.

In general, my view is that politicians who break the law should be punished.

I don’t think people in general give much thought to the environment.

do away with (phrasal verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to get rid of something “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

These ridiculous rules and regulations should have been done away with years ago.

Computerization has enabled us to do away with a lot of paperwork.

How could they do away with a beautiful old building like that and put a car park there instead?

preconceived (adjective)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a preconceived idea or opinion is formed before you have a lot of information, experience, or evidence and is therefore probably wrong “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

You must judge each film on its own merits, without any preconceived notions about what it’s like.

Since I’m new, I have no preconceived notions about how it should be done.

To conceive (verb)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to think of something such as a new idea, plan, or design “ と、” to imagine something or think of doing something “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

The exhibition was originally conceived as a tribute to Scott’s family.

He conceived the plot for this film while he was still a student.

The exhibition was conceived by the museum’s director.

How can they even conceive of doing such an appalling thing?

I find the whole scenario hard to conceive.

notion (noun)

Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” knowledge or understanding of something: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

I haven’t the faintest notion what you’re talking about.

The show’s director rejects the notion that seeing violence on television has a harmful effect on children.

I have only a vague notion of what she does for a living.

I don’t think he has any notion of the seriousness of the situation.

To foster (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to encourage the development or growth of ideas or feelings: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

I’m trying to foster an interest in classical music in my children.

They were discussing the best way to foster democracy and prosperity in the former communist countries.

I try to foster an appreciation for classical music in my students.

This approach will foster an understanding of environmental issues.

Christian is home-schooled and attends Special Kids Therapy & Nursing Centre, in Murfreesboro, once a week where he learns a variety of everyday skills.

Lacey said: ‘In occupational therapy right now he is dressing himself. He just mastered taking shoes off and on.

‘[He is also] doing a Lego class, US geography class and creative writing.

‘And he is with peers his age and they are all good friends and it has really boosted him socially to help him interact with his peers a lot better.        

‘I would definitely describe Christian as independent. I remember a few years ago he started saying, “I want to do it all by myself mummy”.

‘He‘s curious and he wants to explore the world and he‘s not afraid to do it.’

To homeschool (verb)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to teach a child at home rather than sending him or her to school: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

All her kids were homeschooled.

occupational (adjective)

Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” relating to or caused by your job: “ と記載されていますね。

例文:

an occupational disease

Occupational training is absolutely essential.

occupational categories/groups

最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です!(電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw)

これをしないと全然伸びていきません!

それではまた明日も更新していきます!

一緒に英語頑張りましょう!

また、英字新聞を読むメリットを僕なりにまとめましたので、時間がある方はこちらもみてみてくださいね!↓

28歳から英語の勉強を始めた僕が考える “英字新聞を読むメリット”

英字新聞を読むのって意味あるの!? 英字新聞で人気者になろう!

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