Short, back and fries! Scientists claim chemical used in McDonald’s chips can cure BALDNESS and even regrow hair
・Scientists at Yokohama National University in Japan used dimethlypolysiloxane
dimethlypolysiloxane は ジメチルポリシロキサン と読みます。
・Study marks first time hair follicles have been regrown after it worked on mice
・Early tests have indicated the technique will be just as successful on humans
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a very small hole in your skin that contains the root of a hair “というふうに記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionary によると” the plural of mouse “というふうに記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a method of doing something using a special skill that you have developed “ というふうに記載されていますね。
a useful technique for dealing with difficult customers
modern techniques of business management
A chemical used in McDonald’s chips could cure baldness, scientists claim.
They have regrown hair in mice with a ‘simple’ technique through the use of human stem cells.
stem cells とは 幹細胞のことです。
This generated fresh follicles capable of sprouting luxurious new locks and within days the lab rodents had furry backs and scalps.
To generate (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to cause something to exist: “ と記載されていますね。
Her latest film has generated a lot of interest/excitement.
The new development will generate 1,500 new jobs.
Selling food will increase the club’s ability to generate revenue/income.
The new construction project will generate 500 new jobs.
Her latest book has generated a lot of excitement.
The power plant generates electricity for the eastern part of the state.
capable of doing (adjective)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” able to do something “ という風に記載されていますね。
I think your plan is capable of being (= could be) improved.
The port is capable of handling 10 million tonnes of coal a year.
To sprout (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to produce leaves, hair, or other new developing parts, or (of leaves, hair, and other developing parts) to begin to grow: “ と記載されていますね。
It takes about three days for the seeds to sprout.
Your hair is sticking up – it looks like you’re sprouting horns!
Our new seedlings have begun to sprout.
The monster sprouted a new head each time he attacked it.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” the hair on someone’s head: “ と記載されていますね。
flowing golden locks
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” any of various small mammals with large, sharp front teeth, such as mice and rats “ と記載されていますね。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the skin under the hair on your head “ と記載されていますね。
a dry/oily/itchy scalp
His hair was cut so short you could see his scalp.
Some tribes used to collect scalps to prove how many of the enemy they had killed in battle.
Preliminary experiments suggest the groundbreaking therapy will also work in people.
The Japanese team’s breakthrough came after they managed to mass produce ‘hair follicle germs’ (HFGs) in the lab for the first time.
These are the cells that fuel follicle development. They are the ‘Holy Grail’ of hair loss research, as they have never been regenerated before.
And the secret was to use the ‘McDonald’s fries’ chemical dimethylpolysiloxane in the vessel in which they were cultured.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” coming before a more important action or event, especially introducing or preparing for it: “ と記載されていますね。
Preliminary experiments で 予備実験のことです。
Preliminary results show that the vaccine is effective, but this has to be confirmed by further medical trials.
The preliminary results are very positive.
a preliminary investigation
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” If something is groundbreaking, it is very new and a big change from other things of its type: “ と記載されていますね。
His latest movie is interesting, but not groundbreaking.
This groundbreaking work changed the way historians looked at slavery.
a groundbreaking study of plant diversity
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an important discovery or event that helps to improve a situation or provide an answer to a problem: “ と記載されていますね。
Scientists are hoping for a breakthrough in the search for a cure for cancer.
Researchers reported another important breakthrough in cancer research.
A major breakthrough in negotiations has been achieved.
The Polaroid camera was a technological breakthrough.
To mass produce (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to produce a lot of goods cheaply using machines in a factory “と記載されています。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a form of bacteria that spreads disease among people or animals “ と記載されていますね。
It’s a germ that causes sore throats.
Wash your hands so you don’t get germs on the food.
Rats and flies spread germs.
To fuel (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make something increase or become worse, especially something unpleasant “ と記載されていますね。
People’s fear of crime is fuelled by sensationalist reports.
The rumours have been fuelled by speculation in the press.
The heating system is fueled by natural gas.
the holy grail (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” something that someone wants very much to have or to achieve “ と記載されていますね。
Earth-like planets – the holy grail of planet hunting – are too small to detect.
Sustained nuclear fusion is the holy grail of the power industry.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a large boat or ship “と” a tube in people, animals, or plants through which liquid flows “と記載されています。
A heart attack is caused by the blood vessels that supply the blood to the heart muscle getting blocked.
To culture (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to grow a group of bacteria or other cells in a scientific experiment “ と記載されていますね。
This is added for safety reasons to prevent cooking oil from foaming. It was particularly effective for the HFGs because oxygen easily passes through.
Professor Junji Fukuda, of Yokohama National University, said: ‘The key for the mass production of HFGs was a choice of substrate materials for the culture vessel.
substrate materials は 基板物質です。
culture vessel は 培養容器のことです・
‘We used oxygen-permeable dimethylpolysiloxane (PDMS) at the bottom of culture vessel, and it worked very well.’
The method described in Biomaterials created up to 5,000 HFGs simultaneously – which led to new hair growth after they were transplanted into mice.
Prof Fukuda says hair loss troubles a substantial number of individuals all over the world, particularly in ageing societies and billions of pounds are spent on inventing new treatments every year in the UK.
Prof は Professor のことです。
ageing society は 高齢化社会です。
Hair regenerative medicine has emerged as a new therapy to combat the problem. It involves regenerating hair follicles – the tiny organs that grow and sustain hair.
But one of the more challenging obstacles has been the preparation of HFGs, their reproductive source, on a large scale.
To foam (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to produce small bubbles “ と記載されていますね。
The suds in the sink foamed up when she added hot water.
lead to sth (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If an action or event leads to something, it causes that thing to happen or exist: “ と記載されていますね。
Reducing speed limits should lead to fewer deaths on the roads.
The long hot summer has led to serious water shortages.
There is no doubt that stress can lead to physical illness.
To trouble (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to cause someone to have a problem or difficulties: “と ” to cause someone worry or anxiety: “ と記載されています。
He has been troubled by a knee injury for most of the season.
What’s troubling you? You seem upset.
What’s wrong? Is something troubling you?
It troubles me that I haven’t heard from her recently.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” large in size, value, or importance: “ と記載されていますね。
A substantial number of members have called to complain.
He took a substantial amount of money.
There will be substantial job losses if the factory closes down.
There has been a substantial increase in inflation.
To emerge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to come out of something or out from behind something “ と ” to become known “ と記載されていますね。
She emerged from the sea, blue with cold.
The doors opened and people began to emerge into the street.
The facts behind the scandal are sure to emerge eventually.
She’s the most exciting British singer to emerge on the pop scene for a decade.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a part of the body of an animal or plant that performs a particular job: “ と記載されていますね。
an organ donor/transplant
organ transplant operations
an organ donor card
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a difficulty or problem that prevents you from achieving something “と記載されています。
Disabled people succeed in overcoming many obstacles in everyday life.
The biggest obstacle in our way was a tree trunk in the road.
This decision has removed the last obstacle to the hostages’ release.
We suddenly encountered an obstacle along the trail.
Money seems to be no obstacle.
The researchers may have overcome this with a method that leads to a much more effective therapy.
When they seeded the cells in a tiny ‘HFG’ chip called a 300-microwell array and injected them into mice it generated follicles and hairs on the body.
Prof Fukuda and colleagues reported black hairs on both the back and the scalp where they were transplanted.
They said the ‘regenerated hair exhibited the typical hair cycle of mouse hair.’ Early tests have already indicated the technique will be just as successful on human skin cells.
Prof Fukuda said: ‘This simple method is very robust and promising.
‘We hope this technique will improve human hair regenerative therapy to treat hair loss such as androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness).
androgenic alopecia は 男性型脱毛症です。
‘In fact, we have preliminary data that suggests human HFG formation using human keratinocytes and dermal papilla cells.’
He explained that his team mixed mouse skin cells with stem cells from mice and humans and seeded them in microwells in the custom-designed chip.
Over three days the cells spatially separated from each other, exhibiting typical HFG features.
Prof Fukuda said: ‘These self-sorted hair follicle germs (ssHFGs) were shown to be capable of efficient hair-follicle and shaft generation upon injection into the backs of nude mice.
‘This finding facilitated the large-scale preparation of approximately 5,000 ssHFGs in a microwell-array chip made of oxygen-permeable silicone.
‘We demonstrated that the integrity of the oxygen supply through the bottom of the silicone chip was crucial to enabling both ssHFG formation and subsequent hair shaft generation.
‘Finally, spatially aligned ssHFGs on the chip were encapsulated into a hydrogel and simultaneously transplanted into the back skin of nude mice to preserve their intervening spaces, resulting in spatially aligned hair follicle generation.
‘This simple ssHFG preparation approach is a promising strategy for improving current hair-regenerative medicine techniques.’
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” (of a person or animal) strong and healthy, or (of an object or system) strong and unlikely to break or fail: “ と記載されていますね。
He looks robust and healthy enough.
a robust pair of walking boots
a robust economy
She was in robust health.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると形容詞の意味は ” relating to the size, shape, and position of things, and the relation of objects to each other in space “ と記載されていますね。
This task is designed to test children’s spatial awareness (= their understanding of where things are in relation to other things).
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” arranged, or dealt with “ と記載されています。
She wanted to get her affairs sorted before she died.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the main part of something long and thin, not including the end “ と記載されていますね。
the shaft of an arrow
the shaft of a golf club
The feathers at the end of the arrow’s shaft help it travel in a straight line.
To facilitate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make it possible or easier for something to happen “ と記載されていますね。
The counsellor may be able to facilitate communication between the couple.
The new ramp will facilitate the entry of wheelchairs.
The current structure does not facilitate efficient work flow.
To facilitate learning, each class is no larger than 30 students.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles that you refuse to change: “ と記載されていますね。
She had a reputation for honesty and personal integrity.
No one doubted that the president was a man of the highest integrity.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” extremely important or necessary: “と記載されています。
a crucial decision/question
Her work has been crucial to the project’s success.
It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.
The money is crucial for the research.
It is crucial that all students develop these basic skills.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると “happening after something else: “ と記載されていますね。
The book discusses his illness and subsequent resignation from politics.
The mistakes were corrected in a subsequent edition of the book.
In subsequent interviews, Steele has contradicted his original story.
To align (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to organize things so that they form a straight line or are in the correct position in relation to other things “ と記載されていますね。
The graves were all perfectly aligned.
Align the ruler and the middle of the paper and then cut it straight.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” happening between two events or times “ と ” in the space between two people or things ” と記載されています。
Not much has changed during the intervening six years.
The gardens are separated by an intervening wall.
It was a long time since my last visit to Berlin, and it had changed dramatically in the intervening
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）