English teacher challenges students to plug in to the world
To challenge (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to invite someone to compete or take part, especially in a game or argument: “というふうに記載されていますね。
Tina has challenged me to a game of poker
They challenged us to a game of football.
Can I challenge you to a game of chess?
plug into (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to become connected or involved with someone or something and get some benefit from them “というふうに記載されていますね。
With this latest book, she is clearly hoping to plug into the international market.
Andy is really plugged into the popular music scene.
The English-language learning programs in Japan’s public schools have long been criticized for being too focused on rote learning.
But Mio Horio, a 32-year-old English teacher from mountainous Shiga Prefecture, is challenging the nation’s system and nudging her students to think outside the box.
Horio’s teenage students interact with young people worldwide via Skype and are encouraged to learn about the world on their own.
Horio’s aim is to help her students boost their communication skills and raise their global awareness, both of which she sees as critical in international settings.
in international settings で、インターナショナルな環境下でという意味です。
rote learning (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the process of learning something by repeating it many times rather than by understanding it “ というふうに記載されていますね。
Rote learning does not really give people any insight into their subject.
She learned multiplication by rote.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” having a lot of mountains: “ と記載されていますね。
a mountainous region
To nudge (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to encourage someone in a gentle way to do something “ と ” to use a part of your body, especially your elbow, to give a little push to someone or something “ という風に記載されていますね。
She tries to nudge her students into reading more.
The children were giggling and nudging each other.
He nudged the cat off the sofa so that he could sit down.
My wife nudged me to tell me to get off the phone so that she could use it.
Patrick nudged the door closed with his foot.
To interact with (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to communicate with or react to: “ と記載されていますね。
Dominique’s teacher says that she interacts well with the other children.
In large classes, children feel that they cannot interact with the teacher properly.
It’s interesting at parties to see how people interact socially.
He does not interact well with the other students.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” going through one place on the way to another place “ と ” using a particular method or person to send or deliver something “ と記載されていますね。
They flew from New York to New Delhi via Frankfurt.
The plan was to carry gas via Iran to Turkey.
Reports are coming in via satellite.
I only found out about it via my sister.
It’s easy to check your bank account via the Internet.
Blake spoke to the audience live via satellite from San Diego.
Her efforts have been recognized by the international education community, and in December, Horio was placed on a short list of 50 candidates for the Global Teacher Prize, known in the industry as the Nobel Prize for education.
Horio is the second Japanese teacher to be nominated for the prize in its four-year history. The winner is selected from over 30,000 candidates from 173 countries.
“People believe that teaching about global issues is impossible in rural areas, and they imagine a globally oriented approach to education as something taking place in big cities like Tokyo, Osaka or Kyoto,” she told The Japan Times in a recent interview via Skype. “But you can find globally minded students in this kind of rural area.”
Horio teaches a class of 40 students at her alma mater, Shiga Prefectural Maibara Senior High School, which offers a course focused on English. Her first group of students graduated last year.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” mainly concerned with, or directed towards, a particular group, activity, or situation “ と記載されていますね。
She wants to turn the company into a profit-oriented organization.
Hotels are a service-oriented industry.
Are you self-motivated, goal-oriented and handy with a camera and a computer?
Analysts recommended a goal-oriented cost-cutting program to get the company back on track.
alma mater (noun)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the school, college, or university where you were a student “ と記載されていますね。
Horio majored in English and speech communication at Kobe City University of Foreign Studies in Hyogo Prefecture. Although she never studied abroad, she believes that teaching English and educating Japan’s youth about global challenges is vital to strengthen Japan’s foreign relations.
“Japan has long been among the world’s leading (economies) … and now that Tokyo has been selected to host the Olympics in 2020, we will see the number of foreign visitors coming to Japan grow,” she said. “Until now, many people have shied away from using English, but saying they lack an opportunity to travel abroad is just a bad excuse,” given the ease of getting online across the globe.
major in (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to study something as your main subject in college or a university:: “ と記載されていますね。
She majored in earth sciences at Arizona State.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” very important, necessary, or essential “ と記載されていますね。
Skilful employees are vital to the success of any company.
It’s absolutely vital that you do exactly as I say.
It is vital to get medical supplies to the area as soon as possible.
shy away (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to avoid someone, or to be unwilling to do something, because you are nervous, afraid, or not confident “ と記載されていますね。
I’ve never shied away from hard work.
However, she laments the tendency in the nation’s English-language education system to emphasize theory over practice, which she says results in students developing a passive attitude toward their studies.
Horio engages students in discussions on world news and debates on topics such as whether only native speakers should teach English in Japanese schools or whether schools should switch their focus from English to Chinese.
Using Skype, she has so far connected her students with counterparts from 25 countries, including Vietnam, Kenya and Israel. Horio uses a questionnaire-based program meant to enable students to expand and test their general knowledge and also raise their awareness of global issues and cultural differences.
To lament (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to show publicly that you feel sad or disappointed about something “ と記載されています。
He lamented his students’ lack of interest in the classics.
The poem opens by lamenting (over) the death of a young man.
My grandmother, as usual, lamented the decline in moral standards in today’s society.
Some older people lament the loss of close local communities.
tendency to (noun)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” If someone has a tendency to do or like something, they will probably do it or like it: “ と” If there is a tendency for something to happen, it is likely to happen or it often happens: “ と記載されていますね。
His tendency to exaggerate is well known.
There’s a tendency for a new manager to make changes.
You have a tendency to avoid arguments.
She has a tendency to work late.
There is a tendency for unemployment to rise in the summer.
engage in (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to take part in something: “ と記載されていますね。
He has engaged in a dispute with his former business partner.
be meant to be (phrasal verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to be intended to: “と記載されていますね。
It was meant to be an apology but it only made her angry.
This exercise isn’t meant to be difficult.
“Students sometimes notice they had biased notions,” she said, recalling a session with children from Israel during which the Japanese students were surprised to see Israelis leading an ordinary life despite reports on conflicts in the region.
she said, recalling a session with〜 で〜とのセッションを思い出しながら言ったと訳せます。
despite reports on conflicts in the region で 地域紛争の記事にも関わらず です。
She said the classes have helped motivate her students and she is happy to see them sometimes continue discussions in English afterward.
have help (to) motivateなので、motivateは動詞です。
She quoted a first-grader who participated in a Skype call with Malaysian students in May as saying: “Even though Malaysians have different religions and different world views, we could understand each other. It made me think about how people around the world should make an effort to gain mutual understanding instead of fighting over differences in religion.”
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a belief or idea: “ と記載されていますね。
The show’s director rejects the notion that seeing violence on television has a harmful effect on children.
To motivate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to make someone feel determined to do something or enthusiastic about doing it “ と記載されていますね。
She knows how to motivate people.
He was primarily motivated by the desire for profit.
We must motivate students to take charge of their own learning.
Teaching is all about motivating people to learn.
quote someone as saying something (phrase)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to repeat the words that someone else has said or written: “ と記載されていますね。
“If they’re flexible, we’re flexible”, the official was quoted as saying.
The minister was quoted as saying that he didn’t care about jobs.
Being the first certified “Skype Master Teacher” in Japan — a title issued to educators who use Skype for global education — Horio said, “I want (my students) to realize that what they learn at school is mirrored in society and how it’s linked to the world outside Japan.”
On top of being named Skype Master Teacher of 2016 by Microsoft Corp.’s education unit, she was also recognized as a Microsoft innovative educator expert.
Since May, she has cooperated with the Japanese nonprofit group CBB, based in Cambodia, which operates language education facilities for the country’s impoverished children and runs a project to help local children improve their English-language skills. Education, Horio said, is critical in impoverished regions to tackle poverty and other issues.
To mirror (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to represent something honestly: “ と記載されていますね。
Our newspaper aims to mirror the opinions of ordinary people.
Does art mirror society or shape it?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” an impoverished person or place is very poor “ と記載されていますね。
an impoverished young actor
an impoverished family
a remote and impoverished island
The winner of this year’s Global Teacher Prize — worth $1 million and sponsored by the Varkey Foundation, a United Arab Emirates educational charity — will be announced on March 18 in Dubai.
If she wins, Horio envisions using the money for various educational purposes in Japan and around Asia.
“There are children who have no access to education,” she said, expressing her wish to help them.
Horio said she would also like to use the money to help rebuilding efforts in areas of Japan hit by disasters.
Having received queries on how to prepare for emergencies in the wake of disasters — Japan’s safety measures sometimes serve as an example for other nations — Horio also wants to create a platform to share Japan’s knowledge and raise awareness of disaster preparedness
To envision / envisage (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to have something as a plan or an intention “ と記載されていますね。
He envisioned a partnership between business and government.
The company envisions adding at least five stores next year.
We envisage charging a small sum for the use of our services.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a question, often expressing doubt about something or looking for an answer from an authority: “ と記載されていますね。
I’ve got a query about my tax.
We have received many written queries about the product.
If you have any queries about your treatment, the doctor will answer them.
We have a number of queries regarding delivery.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the state of being ready for something “ と記載されていますね。
The army is in a state of preparedness for war.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）