Welcome to Skid Row 2017: Shocking scale of homelessness in downtown LA is exposed in footage showing sidewalks lined with dozens of tents in deprived area where 20,000 people live on the streets
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” not having the things that are essential for a comfortable life “というふうに記載されていますね。
deprived children in the inner cities
a deprived childhood
people living in deprived areas
She had a deprived childhood/comes from a deprived background.
・Three-minute LiveLeak clip shows the brutal reality of Christmas Day in the underbelly of Downtown LA
・Shot on 5th Street, 6th Steet and San Pedro in the Skid Row district, it captures life in one of the city’s most notorious homeless hotspots
・Rubbish bags litter the streets and tents have been erected to shelter residents – including women and children
・Rising cost of living in California is also forcing middle class residents to live in their cars in affluent areas
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” the weakest or most unpleasant part of something: “というふうに記載されていますね。
a film exposing the sordid underbelly of modern urban society
Small businesses are the soft underbelly (= weakest parts) of the economy, and they need as much government support as possible.
The article takes a harsh look at the dark underbelly of professional sports.
To litter (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to be spread around a place in large numbers “ と記載されていますね。
The park was littered with bottles and soda cans after the concert.
Dirty clothes littered the floor of her bedroom.
Paper cups littered the ground.
The room was littered with broken glass.
To erect (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to build something such as a statue or bridge “ と記載されていますね。
A memorial to her was erected after her death.
They decided to erect a bridge across the Niagara Gorge.
The war memorial was erected in 1950.
The soldiers had erected barricades to protect themselves.
To shelter (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” to protect someone from difficult or unpleasant experiences “ と記載されていますね。
You cannot shelter your children from the realities of life.
We were caught in a thunderstorm, without anywhere to shelter.
A group of us were sheltering from the rain under the trees.
To force (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると ” to make something happen or make someone do something difficult, unpleasant, or unusual, especially by threatening or not offering the possibility of choice: “ と記載されていますね。
I really have to force myself to be nice to him.
You can’t force her to make a decision.
Hospitals are being forced to close departments because of lack of money.
Bad health forced her to abandon her studies.
Lack of skills forces these young men into low-paid jobs.
Lack of skills forces these young men into low-paid jobs.
Despite the pain, she forced herself to get out of bed.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” rich enough to buy things for pleasure “というふうに記載されていますね。
an affluent area of Edinburgh
We live in an affluent neighborhood.
Rubbish bags piled up by the pavements and littered across streets.
Tents erected in clusters where people have camped down for the night.
Dozens of directionless residents congregating by the roadside and wandering into the road.
pile up (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to put a large number of things on top of each other “ と記載されています。
We piled plenty of logs up next to the fire.
A group of boys were piling branches in a heap for their bonfire.
supermarket trolleys piled high with shopping
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a small group of people or things that are very close to each other “ と記載されています。
People stood in clusters around the noticeboards.
All his grandchildren clustered around him.
Have a look at the cluster of galaxies in this photograph.
There was a cluster of fans around him, asking for autographs.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” lacking a definite purpose or plan “ という風に記載されています。
To congregate (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to gather together in a group “ という風に記載されています。
Tourists congregated outside the palace.
A crowd congregated around City Hall.
A crowd congregated around the entrance to the theatre, hoping to catch a glimpse of the stars of the show.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a dingy place or object is rather dark in an unpleasant way and often looks dirty “というふうに記載されていますね。
a dingy room
Her hair was a dingy brown colour.
The stores seemed old and dingy, their lights too dim and their ceilings too low.
The shocking footage – captured using a car dash camera – shows the brutal reality of life on the street for some 20,000 people in the notorious Skid Row district.
Shot on 5th Street, 6th Street and San Pedro Street, it is a stark glimpse into the day-to-day existence of some of the country’s poorest citizens – including women and children.
This area of LA’s central business zone is considered to be one of the most dangerous places to live in the city.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used for describing a building or scene that is very clear and plain to look at, often in a slightly unpleasant or frightening way “ と ” used for describing an unpleasant fact or situation that is very obvious or impossible to avoid “ と記載されています。
She disliked the stark brick walls and the steel window frames.
The hill formed a stark silhouette against the sky.
It was a stark room with a bed and chair as the only furniture.
The stark reality is that we are operating at a huge loss.
In the suburbs the spacious houses stand in stark (= extreme) contrast to the slums of the city’s poor.
Too many community leaders seem unable to grasp this stark reality.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると“a brief look at someone or something: “ というふうに記載されています。
He caught a glimpse of her face.
The crowd were anxious for a glimpse of the President.
I only caught a glimpse of it, but I think it was a badger.
He glimpsed a short white-haired figure heading for the back gate.
が、この記事の中では別の表現として使われています。Macmillan Dictionaryによるとglimpse into/of で” an experience that gives you an idea of what something is like “という意味も記載されています。
In the villages you’ll have a fascinating glimpse of Turkish country life.
This biography offers a few glimpses of his life before he became famous.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” happening every day as a regular part of your job or life: “ という風に記載されています。
the day-to-day running of the company
Your day-to-day responsibilities will include sorting the mail and making appointments.
In Skid Row – one of the notorious homeless hotspots in the area – nine toilets are shared by some 2,000 people, according to a June report titled ‘No Place to Go‘.
A lucky few will find food and somewhere warm to sleep at shelters and rescue missions.
But many are left to navigate the industrial sprawl and smoke alone.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a part of a town or city that starts to spread into the countryside in a way that is ugly and not carefully planned “ と記載されています。
the urban sprawl of South Florida
The three-minute clip was originally published on Instagram by LA street artist Plastic Jesus then on LiveLeak by Nick Stern in the ‘Citizen Journalism’ video category.
It had only been live for 10 hours when it was viewed nearly 40,000 times.
In one frame of the viral footage, a man can be seen pushing a wheelchair in the middle of the road.
Another wheelchair-bound man reclines listlessly on a street corner while women file their thin-looking children through the crowds.
Makeshift canopies – often simply sheets erected on poles – are packed in tightly beside one another in endless rows.
-bound (phrasal verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” used with some nouns to make adjectives meaning that someone is unable to leave a place “ という風に記載されています。
His mother is sick and more or less house-bound.
desk-bound computer operators
To recline (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to lie or lean in a comfortable position with your back supported by something “ と記載されています。
She was reclining elegantly on the sofa.
He reclined his head against/on my shoulder.
形容詞listlessの意味はMacmillan Dictionaryによると” feeling as if you have no energy and no interest in anything “ という風に記載されています。その副詞です。
The heat made us all feel listless.
He‘s seemed listless and a little depressed ever since he got his exam results.
To file (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” if people file somewhere, they walk there in a line “ と記載されています。
Students filed into the lecture hall.
The visitors filed through the entrance to the ticket offices.
The bride’s family filed in.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a cover fixed over a seat or bed, etc. for shelter or decoration “ と” the branches and leaves that spread out at the top of a group of trees forming a type of roof “という風に記載されています。
Many animals live in the forest canopy.
The rising cost of rent and housing in California is also forcing middle class residents into alternative accommodation.
Workers end up living in their cars by the roadside and hundreds of people – including nurses and chefs – sleep in parking lots in affluent areas like Santa Barbara.
For example, nursing assistant Marva Ericson has been sleeping in her Kia for the past three months.
She showers at her local YMCA then gets dressed in her hospital scrubs for work.
The problem is so widespread that a Safe Parking Program was introduced in the area 12 years ago.
It allows clients to stay overnight in the parking lots of churches, not-for-profits and government offices.
In Santa Barbara alone, there are 23 parking lots currently used for the program.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” the special clothes worn by doctors and nurses when they do a medical operation “ という風に記載されています。
I saw a photo of her in doctor’s scrubs.
parking lot (noun)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an outside area of ground where you can leave a car for a period of time: “ と記載されています。
I left my car in the mall parking lot.
Though ranked as one of the wealthiest nations, the US is home to some of the poorest communities in the world.
The wealthiest one per cent of American households own 40 percent of the country’s wealth, according to a November report by economist Edward N. Wolff.
That same one per cent of households own more wealth than the bottom 90 per cent combined, the Washington Post reported.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” rich: “ という風に記載されています。
He’s a very wealthy man.
Many wealthy businessmen contribute to political parties.
Only the very wealthy could afford to travel abroad.
A lot of wealthy people have their own personal trainer.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）