Final selections for Tokyo 2020 mascot design to face student vote for first time ever
To face (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” If you face a problem, or a problem faces you, you have to deal with it: “というふうに記載されていますね。
This is one of the many problems faced by working mothers.
Passengers could face long delays.
You‘re faced with a very difficult choice there.
They are faced with major financial problems.
The country is now faced with the prospect of war.
Organizers for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics on Thursday unveiled three final candidates for the games’ official mascot, passing the baton to the nation’s elementary school students — who will pick the winner in a vote starting Monday.
The final proposals have been short-listed from a total of 2,042 design submissions from the public, and were presented with help from 113 children during a ceremony at Kakezuka Elementary School in Tokyo’s Shibuya Ward. Each proposal is a set of two characters — one for the Olympic games and the other for the Paralympics.
To short-list (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to put someone or something on a short list “というふうに記載されていますね。
This story was short-listed for the Pulitzer Prize.
His latest novel has been shortlisted for the Man Booker prize.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a document that you formally give to someone who will make a decision about it “ と記載されていますね。
All submissions must be received by 10 April.
The films were chosen from 350 submissions.
The first final candidate set has an Olympic character based on a futuristic vision of the world, and decorated with a traditional checkered pattern to embody Japan’s tradition and innovation. The Paralympic character is decorated with cherry blossom flowers and has superpowers.
The second set features an Olympic character based on Japan’s lucky cat and inari fox — which also symbolizes luck — and a Paralympic character resembling a guardian dog often seen at shinto shrines.
The third set of red and white characters with ribbons used as celebratory ornaments — a fox for the Olympics and a tanuki (raccoon dog) for the Paralympics — has been inspired by traditional fairy tales.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” having a pattern of squares in two or more colours:“ と記載されていますね。
red and white chequered tablecloths
a chequered marble floor
To embody (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to represent a quality or an idea exactly: “ と記載されていますね。
She embodied good sportsmanship on the playing field.
Arthur Ashe embodied the ideals of good sportsmanship.
The spirit of hope is embodied in the character Anna.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a celebratory meal, drink etc is one that you have in order to celebrate a special event “ という風に記載されています。
When we heard she’d got the job, we all went off for a celebratory drink.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” an object that is beautiful rather than useful: “というふうに記載されていますね。
a glass ornament
garden ornaments such as statues and fountains
Christmas tree ornaments
an old china ornament belonging to her grandmother
They spent decades collecting these colorful, Victorian-era ornaments.
Cultural Affairs Commissioner Ryohei Miyata, who chairs the organizing committee’s mascot-screening panel, said he was hoping many schools would take the chance to shape the games and Japan’s future through their votes because children “represent the future.”
shape the game の the gameはオリンピックのことです。
“All of these designs contain deep-rooted cultural and innovative motifs,” said Yoshiko Ikoma, deputy head of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics mascot selection panel. “Japan is also a mascot giant and the world’s leader in creative fields … and these designs showcase such mastery.”
To chair (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to be the person in charge of a meeting, committee, or company “ と記載されています。
She subsequently chaired the executive board of the UN Children’s Fund.
Would you like to chair tomorrow’s meeting?
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” checks that an employer makes in order to be sure that someone they want to employ is suitable for a particular job “ と記載されています。
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” a group of people who make decisions or judgments “ という風に記載されています。
a panel of judges
an interview panel
The competition will be judged by a panel of experts.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると ” a deep-rooted feeling, belief, idea etc is strong and you have had it for so long that it is difficult to change “ というふうに記載されていますね。
a deep-rooted fear of spiders
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” someone whose job is the second most important in a department or organization, and who takes the responsibilities of the most important person in some situations “ と記載されています。
I’m acting as deputy while the boss is away.
the deputy director/editor/sheriff
She‘s deputy (head) of a large North London school.
To showcase (verb)
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” to show someone or something in a way that attracts attention and emphasizes their good qualities “ と記載されていますね。
The main aim of the exhibition is to showcase British design.
In the opening set, he showcased his own songs.
a comedy sketch that showcases their unique style of humour
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” great knowledge or skill “ と記載されていますね。
his mastery of the English language
her mastery of the violin
Louis Armstrong’s mastery of the trumpet is legendary.
“All (the suggestions) are very unique and I was really impressed,” said 10-year-old Riku Doi, who took part in Thursday’s ceremony and picked the third set as his favorite. “I’d like to choose mascots that will be cute, powerful and that will give vigor (to participants and spectators).”
Doi, who takes lessons at a swimming school and wants to become an athlete, added that he was looking forward to watching Olympic competitors — especially those representing his favorite sport — compete in his hometown. He said he felt responsible for choosing a winner that will become part of Japan’s legacy — as the mascots will be featured in various events and on licensed products related to the games.
MacmillanDictionaryによると” mental energy, enthusiasm, and determination “ という風に記載されています。
After vacation, she returned to work with renewed vigor.
After a brief rest, she returned to the job with renewed vigour.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a person who watches an activity, especially a sports event, without taking part: “というふうに記載されていますね。
The stadium was packed with cheering spectators.
They won 4–0 in front of over 40,000 cheering spectators.
The final game attracted a crowd of over 50,000 spectators.
TV personality Shoko Nakagawa, another member of the screening committee, called the student vote “historic” given that mascots were not used in 1964.
The mascots will be selected by school children for the first time in the games’ history.
One vote will be allocated to each elementary school class taking part in the poll from Monday through Feb. 22.
Schools must register to participate, and the organizers said that 4,150 schools were registered as of Thursday at noon. Students from Japanese schools outside Japan and from Japan’s international schools are also eligible to vote.
The selection panel will announce the winner on Feb. 28 after a final review.
The mascots’ names will be chosen based on feedback from creative professionals and will be announced next summer.
To allocate (verb)
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” to give something to someone as their share of a total amount, to use in a particular way: “ と記載されています。
We allocate each student a personal tutor.
The committee allocates funds to universities.
The government is allocating £10 million for health education.
State funds will not be allocated to the program next year.
Cambridge Dictionaryによると” a study in which people are asked for their opinions about a subject or person: “ と記載されています。
We‘re carrying out/conducting a poll to find out what people think about abortion.
The latest opinion poll puts the Democrats in the lead.
A recent poll indicated that most people opposed the changes.
According to a poll conducted last week, 75% of the public support the Prime Minister.
Cambrdige Dictionaryによると” starting from a particular time or date: “ と記載されていますね。
As of next month, all the airline’s fares will be going up.
As of 6th April 1999, all gifts to charities will be free of tax.
Macmillan Dictionaryによると” allowed by rules or laws to do something or to receive something “ と記載されていますね。
Are you eligible for early retirement/maternity leave?
Only people over 18 are eligible to vote.
She will be eligible to compete in the next Winter Games.
an eligible voter
You have to be employed six months to be eligible for medical benefits.
最後に、内容が理解でき、新しい単語も知ることができたら、必ずCambridge Dictionaryか、Macmillan Dictionaryで例文を読むようにしてください。そして一番シンプルで、自分が日常使いしときやすそうなもをノートやスマホに書き溜めておいてください。そしてこれを移動中の時などに声に出して覚えることが本当に大事です！（電車では難しいので、僕はよく歩きますw）